The researchers recommend to conduct similar studies on patients suffering from high blood pressure, and to use sauna for persons suffering from slightly high blood pressure with medical control and supervision.
This study aimed at investigating the trend of development relationship between metacognitive knowledge of science reading and class level, and exploring the components of the relationship. An adapted Yore and Craig's instrument was applied to a sample of 1423 sixth to tenth graders. Multivariate Analysis of Variance was used. The results revealed that there were no development in procedural or conditional metacognitive knowledge of science reading, or in declarative metacognitive knowledge of reading science text. However, there was development in declarative knowledge of science text among grades: six and nine, and eight and nine, and in the same knowledge related to reading strategies among grades seven and nine, only. The results showed that the relationship between metacognitive declarative knowledge of science reading and class level consisted of two components: linear and cubic.
Curriculum and Instruction, Practicum, Student-Teacher, Teacher Training, Class Teacher, Hashemite University.
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 86 - 102
In light of the research results and assumptions, the researcher recommends that a number of solutions be taken in order to meet the problems encountered by the student-teachers during their practicum courses, including the five domains. Furthermore, the researcher suggests that further studies and research, related to the aspects of the above mentioned problems, to be carried on in the future.
Culture; Change; Organizational Culture; Organizational Change; Values; Assumptions; Beliefs; Behaviors; Norms; Higher Education; Institutions of Higher Education; Cultural Change
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 103 - 115
Two main purposes guided the current study. The first purpose was to investigate the influence of organizational culture of the Hashemite University and some proposed demographic variables on implementing an organizational change initiative as perceived by faculty members. The second purpose was concerned with the risk of implementation failure of the initiated organizational change. Main results of the study indicated that demographic variables explained 14 percent of the organizational change, whereas organizational culture explained 12 percent of the organizational change. Furthermore, faculty members determined moderate risk-caution in implementing the initiated change.
Motivation, Strategies Used as Incentives for Motivation, Social Studies’ Teachers, Secondary Stage, Jordan
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 116 - 125
This study aimed at investigating the degree of relationship between the importance held by secondary school teachers in Jordan for the strategies used as incentives for the motivation of students’ learning and the teachers’ actual implementation of these strategies.
In order to achieve the goal of the research and to answer its questions, a survey was prepared. It included in its first draft 20 strategies that motivate students to learn. In its final form, after being validated by experts, it consisted of fifteen strategies.
The questionnaire was spread on to a sample of 150 teachers in Irbid First and Second Directorates of Education in the northern part of Jordan.
The results of the study were as follows:
1. The cooperative learning strategy came first followed by the strategy of writing instructional objectives, then by the strategy of reinforcement.
2. The same strategies occupied the same degrees of importance in implementation.
3. The strategy of story telling method and the strategy of inviting leaders from the local society occupied the last places.
4. There was a correlation relationship between the importance that the teachers offer to the introduction strategies and their formal implementation of these strategies.
The researchers recommend that teachers concentrate on the important strategies. They also recommend that the local society individuals visit the schools. Moreover, it is recommended that teachers train students to write stories.
The purpose of this study was to determine the sources of sport self- confidence of Arab clubs for volleyball players, furthermore, to determine the effect of experience, player’s duty and number of international participations on sources of self - confidence.
To achieve that, the study was conducted on (90) players, and Vealey et al. (1998) questionnaire was used for measuring sources of self - confidence.
The results indicated high level of all sources and of the total score. Furthermore, the results indicated significant differences in sources of self- confidence due to the number of international participations variable, while there were no significant differences found due to experience of player and player duty variables.
Based on the study findings, the researcher recommended that the volleyball coaches should increase the attention of situational favorableness and environmental comfort domains when training players.
Activity, Out of Class (enrichment) Activity, Islamic Education.
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 145 - 162
The study aimed at intensifying the degree of secondary stage students’ practice of out of class enrichment activities in Islamic Education branches from the teachers’ perspective in Jordan through answering the following questions:
1- What is the degree of students’ practice of out of class enrichment activities in each branch of Islamic Education?
2- Are there any differences in teachers’ perspective regarding students’ practice due to gender and academic qualification ?
3- What are the obstacles which minimize students’ practice of out of class enrichment activities in Islamic Education?
The sample was (139) teachers from the second directorate in Amman, to achieve the purpose of the study. The results of the study revealed that:
1- The degree of percentage of students’ practice on all branches of Islamic Education was (0.74) which is fair.
2- There were no significant statistical differences at (α = 0.05) from the teachers’ perspective regarding students’ practice of out of class enrichment activities due to gender and academic qualification.
3- The most obstacles which minimize students’ practice of out of class enrichment activities are the following: There is no system of incentives , no equipment and financial support, intensity of subject matter, and lack of time.
In the light of these results, the researcher addressed some recommendations to school, educational supervisors, authors of Islamic Education textbooks and teachers.
Education, students, secondary school, science education, science, technology, scientific literacy, attitudes toward science and technology, school environment, teaching program
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 163 - 178
This study aimed at assessing secondary school students’ level of scientific literacy and its relation with their attitudes toward science and technology.
The sample of the study consisted of 1173 students distributed into 20 schools selected randomly out of 150 schools in Amman. The data were analyzed by using One-Way ANOVA to compare mediums of the groups’ achievment in the scientific literacy test, and Pearson correlation factor between level of literacy and attitudes was calculated. Results showed that there were low levels of scientific literacy among the whole sample, a significant difference (α ≤ 0.05) due to gender in favor of males, specialty in favor of scientific stream, school environment in favor of private schools of foreign programs, and a high correlation factor between literacy and attitudes. The study recommended adopting scientific literacy objective in the Jordanian curricula, using effective approaches to achieve this goal and following up assessment of levels of literacy in different dimensions and in a variety of groups.
General mechanics; Internet-based instructional program; Students’ achievement, Internet.
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 179 - 194
This research aimed at investigating the effect of teaching a studying material in industrial education using an Internet-based instructional program on the achievement of twelfth grade students in general mechanics. The instructional program, which was designed and developed through the Hashemite University E-Learning Office for two studying units in general mechanics, was applied to students of two industrial education schools in Amman.
The population of this research consisted of all twelfth grade industrial education students specialized in general mechanics (total of 120 students). Students were from schools that belong to the Jordanian middle region, which contains 25 public vocational schools. The sample was 39 students distributed over two sections during the first semester of the academic year 2004/2005. While one section formed the experimental group with 21 students, the other formed the control group with 18 students. A pre-post achievement test prepared for this research was given to the two groups (the experimental group that was taught using the Internet-based program and the control group that was taught using traditional instruction) before and after teaching the two studying units. The scores of the two tests were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA), which revealed statistically significant differences between the means of the two groups (at 0.05 level of significance) that were due to the method of teaching in favor of the Internet-based program method. In light of these results, the research recommended a number of recommendations related to the curricula of industrial education.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the involuntary vibrational and the plyometric exercises routine on developing explosive strength, and to compare the results of the two routines. Thirty (30) handball players, aged (15-16 yrs.) were selected from Al-Ittihad secondary schools and were divided into two equal experimental groups which served as the subjects of this study; the plyometric exercise group and the vibrational exercise group (using Galileo apparatus). Weight, standing long jump, vertical jump, half squat, thigh circumference and skinfold of the right leg thigh were measured for all subjects before and after the two months training routine. Results indicated that there is an effect of using plyometric exercises on standing long jump, vertical jump, half squat and leg muscles force. However, the only statistical significant effect of the vibration routine was seen only on the vertical jump variable. It was suggested that plyometric exercises are still the best routine in developing explosive strength especially for athletes. Nevertheless, the involuntary vibration routine needs further research using different subjects and longer time duration to strengthen the explosive strength as it was acheived by the plyometric one.
The purpose of the current study was to identify the effect of different feedback styles (individual external feedback, group external feedback, internal feedback) on learning fundamental badminton skills and find the best style that helps students to learn the following skills: forehand stroke, backhand stroke, long serve and over head clear. The sample consisted of three separate groups of undergraduate physical education female students from the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Jordan. The results of data analysis indicated that feedback played a potential role in enhancing the learning of badminton skills and the individual way of providing the information was the best educational style of learning compared to other styles. In addition, feedback made the process of learning skills faster. This study emphasized the importance of the information and the instructions provided by the teacher during the learning skills lessons concerning the appropriate teaching style.
Racket games, Badminton, Skills, Performance, Arab players, Analyzing Singles and Doubles.
Publication year: 2006
Pages: 225 - 238
The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance levels of the Arab and International players in badminton, and to compare them by utilizing a systematic observation regarding to badminton skills throughout matches, in order to diagnose the skill level of the players, and additionally, to identify the skills which contribute to the differences while playing during the matches. The variables of this study were (the duration of the game, the duration of the shuttle flying, percentage of flying, number of strokes, percentage of service, and the percentage of using each skill to gain points) in both singles and doubles and for both genders. The sample of the study was the participants in the 5th Arab championship (2004).
The results of the study revealed that the international levels of badminton players ranked higher than Arab levels in most variables. Offensive ability of international players was observed and defensive ability of Arab players was also observed. There was some defect in tactical and physical ability for Arab players. The findings indicated that game duration and shuttle flying duration were longer at the International level, number of strokes and number of service change were also higher with respect to the International level, and there were no differences between singles and doubles and no differences between males and females in the Arab players.
The researcher recommended the importance of the characterization of singles and double games and the value of planning, also he pointed out that offensive skills should be applied while training Arab players, more attention should be given to measuring and analyzing skill level for Arab players in order to develop it and enhance both tactical and physical performance.
This study aimed at investigating the effect of algorithms as a method for teaching fifth graders the rules of recitation “Ahkam Al-Tajweed” by comparing its effect with that of the expository and inquisitory teaching methods. A purposive sample of (96) male students from a fifth class in a basic school were selected and three equivalent groups were formed. Every group was randomly assigned to one of the three teaching methods and taught by using its assigned method for three weeks.
The researcher developed a 25-item multiple choice achievement test. The validity of the test was assured by a panel of judges, whereas KR-20 was used to estimate the reliability co-efficient, which was found to be (0.91).
One-way analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. The analysis indicated statistically differences (p < 0.05) among the groups, which could be attributed to the kind of teaching method. Newman-Keuls test was used as a multiple comparison test. The test revealed that:
The means of the algorithms (13.71) and expository groups (11.94) were greater than (p < 0.05) the mean of the inquisitory group (9.52).
There were no statistically differences (p > 0.05) between the means of the expository and algorithms groups.
Using algorithms as a teaching method, and training Islamic education teachers to use it were the main recommendations of this study.