Arabic Spelling, The Effect of Specialization, Acceptance Program, Year of Study, Nationality, Sex
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 1 - 15
This study aimed at exploring the discrepancy in the Arabic Language spelling skill among students of the University of Jordan in terms of field of specialization, acceptance program, year of study, nationality, and ٍsex in order to reveal points of weakness in spelling and consequently implement the appropriate measures.
An advanced achievement test was used consisting of twenty-three paragraphs on various spelling skills. Reliability and validity of the test were established after which it was administered to a sample of communication skills students totaling eight hundred and eighty-two students in forty-three sections. The test was corrected via the computer. Means ad standard deviations and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were calculated based on the digital data. Tukey's Post Hoc Test was also performed. Findings revealed that:
1. There were statistically significant differences in the spelling skill among the means of scores of students in terms of their field of specialization, acceptance program, nationality, and gender.
2. There were no statistically significant differences in the spelling skill among the means of scores of students in terms of their year of study.
In light of the findings, this study recommended employing the mandatory requirements in treating the areas of weaknesses of spelling and utilizing computers in giving students a diagnostic spelling test after which they are enrolled in an appropriate computerized remedial program.
Training Program, Plyometrics Exercises, Explosive Power, Smash Attack Precision.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 16 - 27
The study aimed at identifying the effect of using the playometrics exercise on developing "arm and leg" explosive power, and the precision of conducting smash attack.
The researcher used the quantitative method; pre - test and post - test were used, on two experimental groups. The study sample consisted of (20) players from Al - Yarmouk Volleyball team. The sample was divided into two groups; experimental group and control group; (10) students each. The experimental group was trained using "arm and leg" plyometrics exercise, while the control group was trained using the traditional approach. The training program consisted of (8) weeks; two training units a week, each unit lasted for (25) minutes. The study lasted from (4/3/2007) to (29/4/2007), in the gymnasium hall at Al - Yarmouk University.
The study results showed significant effect of the use of plyometrics exercise on developing "arm and leg" explosive power, and the precision of conducting smash attack, between the tow groups; the experimental group excelled the control group.
According to the study results, the researcher recommends that the plyometrics exercise must be given more importance in the training process; to develop volleyball skills, especially attaching skills. And polymeric exercise must be similar to the skill performance in speed, motor course and the working muscles to develop the special abilities of the volleyball players.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinematics chain and the coordination of the segments of the upper limb for the shooting arm in wheelchair basketball, and to investigate the relationship between the shooting distance and the kinematics variables for each player from different classification class. The best (4) players from the National team of wheelchair Basketball in Jordan were representing the four classes in the functional classification system for Wheelchair basketball players. Arial performance Analysis System (APAS) used in this study, 3-D analysis done to the data collected from four high-speed video cameras. Formulas used to determine the positive contribution for the segment and the shared positive contribution for two adjacent segments sharing the same joint as their center of rotation. The most important conclusions of this study were:
• Class one used the push like pattern (Simultaneous) in the upper arm segments for the shooting arm in throws, free throw and three-point throw.
• Class two-used sequential Simultaneous pattern in the upper arm segments for the shooting arm in free throw shooting and Simultaneous pattern in three-point throw.
• Class 3 and 4 used more throw like pattern (sequential) than push like pattern (Simultaneous) but the sequencing of the Kinematic chain was from distal to proximal.
It suggested utilizing the high technology with APAS system to analyze other skills using three-dimension analysis in wheelchair basketball such as dribbling or passing in future research and to use these results as criteria for evaluation of coordination during the shots.
Organizational Climate, Sport Activity Circles, Jordan Universities.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 44 - 60
This research aims at recognizing organizational climate and it's relation with specialist performance development of sport activity circles at Jordan universities. The researcher used the descriptive method. The sample was selected purposively from specialists in sport activity circles at Jordan universities of (171) specialists as much as (119) male specialists, (52) female specialists representing Jordan universities. The researcher designed a questionnaire form as a method to collect data involving (7) axes which are: organizational structure – authorities and responsibilities – supporting management – human relations – rewards – performance – evaluation – specialists.
The researcher recommended the following:
- The necessity of sport activity circles officials at Jordan universities in their different management and functional levels with organizational climate elements without distinguishing them since these components can affect either negatively or positively on performance efficiency within activity circles to reach finally general goal achievement of sport activity circles that is preparing today student and future man in terms of a positive climate.
- Providing appropriate authorities for specialists responsibilities with emphasis on continuous circles evaluation in terms of objective standards.
Providing further training courses for specialists in sport activity circles with emphasis on the importance of approving these training programs in the light of specialists and their employers needs.
The study aimed at the identification of students' prefered intelligences for fourth and eighth grades according to multiple intelligences theory. Also, how students' prefered intelligences differ according to students' grade level and gender. The study sample consisted of (623) male and female students in the Directorate of Education in the City of Ma'an for the academic year 2006/2007. To collect data, the researcher used the Jordanian version of Mackenzie' multiple intelligences inventory.
Results of the study revealed that the most preferred multiple intelligences by students' fourth grade was:The Liguistic, Logical- Mathmatical, Spatial and Bodily-Kinesthetic. Results also revealed that students' eighth grade preferred the following intelligences:The Bodily-Kinesthtic, Interpersonal, Musical and Naturalist. The results of this study showed that the least preferred multiple intelligences were: The Existential and intrapersonal. In addition , the results of the study revealed the male students' preferred Logical – Mathmatical, Bodily-Kinesthetic, whereas the female students' preferred Musical Intelligence.
Thinking Skills, Educational Social and National Books.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 82 - 92
This study aimed at investigating the basic thinking skills of social and national books for the first three classes. To achieve this target, the two researchers built a study tool of eight basic thinking skills. The contents of the tool were validated. The contents of the books were analyzed on the light of the prepared tool, then it was distributed among the specialized instructors and supervisors at the Jordanian Universities to check if these skills cope with the skills that can be acquired by the students of the target classes. The results showed that the skills of induction and summarizing have the lion’s share and the least skills are arranging and making comparison. The study also showed that there were differences of the existence of the skills among the same class and the different classes. Lastly, the results showed that the study tool skills were suitable to the student’s abilities.
This study aimed at exploring the patterns of leadership practiced by the basic school’s principals in Ajloun governorate and their relation to job satisfaction of the employees from the point of view of principals by answering the following questions:
1. What is the impact of the leadership pattern of basic school principals in Ajloun governorate on employees' job satisfaction?
2. Does the impact of the pattern of leadership of basic school principals in Ajloun governorate differ due to gender, academic qualification, experience, and school (private, public)?
3. Is there any statistical significant differences at level (=0.05) between the dominant leadership pattern and the degree of job satisfaction among teachers from the point of view of principals?
The study population consisted of (79) principals and (2267) teachers, whereas the sample was composed of (27) principals and (400) teachers.
This study reveals the following findings:
1. There is a high level of job satisfaction among participants.
2. There are no statistical significant differences at level (=0.05) on the impact of leadership patterns on job satisfaction due to gender, qualifications, experience, and school (private, public) variables.
In light of the findings, the researchers recommended the following: 1- reconsidering teachers’ scale salaries, annual increments, and rewards at retirement to suit their profession, and efforts provided; 2- provide more incentives for teachers at the Ministry of Education, directorates of education, and schools levels such as: letters of thanks, merits, medals, and awards.
Air Pollution, Jordanian Basic Students, Students' Perceptions, Health Problems, Individuals' Behavior Assessment.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 111 - 131
This study aimed at investigating Jordanian basic stage students' perceptions about air pollution problem and to explore their knowledge about this problem and its related health problems. The aim was also to assess Jordanian people behaviors towards this problem. The study sample consisted of 1034 students from eight Jordanian Governorates during the scholastic year 2005/2006. An open questionnaire was used. The study results revealed the following:
- Students' answers about air pollution resources were clear and precise, although about 2% of the sample has no knowledge about this issue at all.
- Students awareness about health problems resulted from air pollution problem was so developed where many diseases related with air pollution were stated by students such as asthma, bronchitis, and other allergy problems.
- Students assessed Jordanian people behaviors towards air pollution and other environmental problem as a negative one, as people act only during anniversaries which is not the goal.
The study recommended that an integrated and powerful role between schools and mass media should be enforced to reduce or stop the effects of air pollution and other environmental problems.
Education, Leadership Styles, Job Satisfaction, School Principals, Empowerment, Seller, Instructor, Schools Teachers, Trainers, Training Materials
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 132 - 147
This study examined the leadership patterns of the secondary school principals and its relationship with the teachers satisfaction. The population of the study consisted of all public secondary school principals and teachers in Jordan for the academic year 2003-2004.
the sample consisted of (315) and (1260) who were chosen randomly.
The study used two instruments: a measurement for leadership patterns' and the job satisfaction .
The study indicated that the support participatory leadership pattern came first followed by the seller instructor pattern .In addition, the teachers' satisfaction level of the work was high.
The researcher would recommend to conduct more training courses for principals and teachers.
Acquisition, Mathematical concepts, Geometry, Algebra, Arithmetic, Students Teachers, Jordan University
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 148 - 160
This study aimed at identifying the extent of students teachers Acquisition of Mathematical concepts in Geometry, Algebra, and Arithmetic. To achieve the purpose of the study, a test of 36 items was developed and administrated at 212 students teachers were selected randomly stratified sample. The findings revealed that the students teachers acquisition of mathematical concepts in general is moderate whereas low in Geometry. The findings also indicated that there were statistically significant differences at < 0.05 in the extent of students teachers acquisition of mathematical concepts attributed to sex and university level. The study recommended increasing the math courses in general and Geometry courses in particular and revisiting the preparation teachers plan.
Authors: Khaled Atiyat , Ahmad el-akor , Amman Khasawenh
Kinematics, Stick Figure, A-Quick, Angular Velocity for Arm, Angular Velocity for Trunk
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 161 - 171
This study aimed to know some values of Biomechanical variables during A-Quick Attack in volleyball, the description experimental method had been applied in 6 persons as a sample- Six athletes (male) from the volleyball team of Irbid schools teams represented.
The study was registered by a video camera (Sony) gives 25 pictures per second, in which every player made five trials of the A-Quick attack.
The results of the samples were analyzed by the slow motion with a (Sony) video, which gives 50 pictures per second, after that the drawing inserted to the (AutoCAD 2000) computer program, which gave the ability to take many operations related with dimensions, angles and so on.
In the statistical treatment the researchers used the mean, std.deviation, and person related factors; illustrate the statistical referring changes with α ≤ (0.5) between these means.
The researchers reached to have differences with a statistical reference between) accuracy and angle knee, elbow velocity of and the best angle for knee between 122-117 the researchers recommended to use result in a practical training.
Fat Percentiles and Their Disparity Effect on Some Physiological variables on sample of children, this study aims at identifying of disparity effect of fat percentiles on some Physiological variables of children and also to knowing the relations between Physiological variables and disparity of fat percentiles.
To achieve the aim of the study, the researcher proposed the following hypotheses:
First: There is an effect of fat percentiles in children on some Physiological variables.
Second: There is an effect of fat percentiles disparity in children relations among variables.
The sample of this study consisted of (209) children between the ages of (10-12). This sample was classified according to the fat percentage in the body and in accordance with Lohman formula. A group of tests were carried out on the sample sueb as the thickness of skin layer to identify the fat percentage , PWC170 using the step box, to get the absolute percentage of PWC170 using carpman formula, and the maximum level of oxygen consumption (VO2max) was calculated indirectly depending on the value of PWC170 indicator.
Depending on the statistical analysis, the researcher concluded that the high percentages of fat levels in the body affect negatively the physiological variables (VO2max, PWC170).
The researcher recommend, that more attention and care are needed in regard to physical activities in school due to the fat that these activities can lower the percentages of fat levels in the body, and as a result, the negative effects on the child’s physical and physiological suitability. The researcher also recommends that more researches must be done on other groups of children with different ages.
Computerized Multimedia Shows, Jump-Shot Skill in Basketball.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 193 - 205
This study aimed at examining the "effect of using computerized multimedia shows in teaching on the jump-shot performance skill level in basketball. The study samples consisted of (226) male and female students, distributed over six sections, i.e. (3) females and (3) males of the 8th graders. The grade sections were randomly distributed over three groups: first experimental comprised (39) male students and (38) female students, and learnt through the use of text, pictures, audio and video package; second experimental group comprised (37) male students and (36) female students, learnt through the text and fixed pictures package; and a control group comprised (39) male students and (37) female students, learnt through the regular method.
In order to achieve the study objectives, the researcher designed computerized multimedia shows to teach the scoring skill during jumping in the basketball. In addition, the researcher employed the computerized slides (text and fixed pictures). A test was developed to measure the skillful performance level. Following to the data collection, the statistical analysis process results were as follows:
- There are statistically significant differences in favor of the experimental group which learnt using the text, pictures, audio and video, as compared with the text and fixed pictures group and the regular group, on the level of the skillful performance test.
- There are statistically significant differences in favor of the experimental group which learnt using the text and fixed pictures as compared with the regular method group, on the level of the skillful performance test.
- There are statistically significant differences in the skillful performance level with the 8th graders due to gender in favor of males.
- There are no statistically significant differences in the skillful performance level with the 8th graders due to the interaction between the method and gender.
This study was to determine the relationship between some Kinesthetic Variables and Performance level to the blind athletics in shot pot. The study sample included eight members of the blind athletics in the Baralambic Jordanian Cometee. Researcher used the descriptive curriculum relevance the purpose of the study. The data were statistical processing using statistical packages spss for the following treatments (arithmetic mean, standard deviation، testing (t) of the difference between the averages, Spearman correlation coefficient). The results of the study showed high correlation between Kinesthetic Variables and Performance level by 75% as well as the presence of a correlation between the level of skills and awareness among the activist sense of 50%.
The researcher recommends to development of the sense of awareness to the blind activist because of the importance of a strong relationship with the skill level, as well as conducting similar studies on other categories of persons with special needs in various sports.
This study aimed at identifying the degree of understanding and practicing the modernity concept by teachers in the educational process of the secondary stage in Amman Governorate. The study community consists of all the female and male teachers of the secondary stage in Amman Governorate, who amount to 4400 teachers distributed on the departments of education in Amman Governorate. On the other hand, the study's sample arrived at 450 teachers of the secondary stage in Amman Governorate. In order to achieve the study’s aims, the researcher prepared a questionnaire which consisted of (65) paragraphs –in its final formation- it was distributed into two fields, each one consisted of (6) dimensions distributed on questionnaire's paragraphs.
The results of study show that the teachers of the secondary stage have an average level of understanding the concept of modernity in the educational process in Amman Governorate, this level includes six dimensions that are arranged descendingly according to the more understood dimension as follows: The modern characteristics of teachers in the educational process, the availability of the democratic mode in the education process, applying and evaluating, developing the process of thinking in educational process, the effective planning for teaching, developing the creativity in the educational process, and applying the various technologies in the educational process". And the teachers of the secondary stage have an average degree of practicing the same concept, but the degree of understanding this concept has been more accurate. The level of practicing this concept includes the same offer mentioned dimensions arranged descendingly in the same way. The presence of connection between the degree of understanding and the degree of practicing this concept of modernity in the educational process, and this connection is described as being a forward connection, and this means that as long as the understanding of this concept which includes the same offer mentioned dimensions is increasing the degree of practicing will increase as well, but this connection is a kind of average in its effectiveness.
The results of study show also there are significant differences of the degree of understanding the concept of modernity in the educational process by teachers of the secondary stage in Amman Governorate, and the degree of practicing the same concept by them, also between the averages of understanding and the averages of practicing the same concept, that are attributed to the variables such as: "years of experience, specialization, and the school's category", these distinctions were for the benefit of "11 years of experience and more, the specialization of teaching technology, and private schools", besides, there were no distinctions that have statistical indications that are based on: "gender, academic qualifications".
The study recommended that there is a necessity of increasing the degree of teachers understanding the concept of modernity in the educational process which includes six dimensions, so increasing the degree of practicing the same concept will be accomplished because there is presence of direct connection between the degree of understanding and the degree of practicing.
This study aimed to identify the offensive tactical thinking level of wheelchair basketball players in Jordanian Clubs. Its aim is based on three variables: participating club, classification class, and position.
The study sample consisted of (44) players allocated into four clubs. The data was analyzed statistically by using sums, frequencies, percentages, and one way ANOVA. Results of this study indicated that the offensive tactical thinking level for wheelchair basketball players was moderate. It also indicated that there are no differences of statistical indication regarding the level of the offensive tactical thinking related to the three variables: participating club, classification class, and position.
The researchers emphasize the importance of educating professionals in the field to appreciate the development wheelchair basketball of offensive tactical thinking for the players.