This study aimed at discovering, the relationship between achievement motivation and secondary school students’ achievement at Salt city in Jordan. The study sample included 441 students (210 male, 231 females). The study found that student’s achievement motivation was high with regard to the major dimensions taken by this study; which are students’ having a goal to achieve and persistence. On the other hand, results revealed student’s motivation towards the dimension of “ambition” was weak. Results further showed that there were significant differences in students' achievement motivation due to academic achievement; students who passed showed more motivation rather than students who failed. Also, Results showed there were no significant differences in students' achievement motivation due to sex.
Authors: Allan Othman , Mohammad Dabous , Hassan Tayyem
Prafessional Development, school Principle, The North of The West Bank.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 1 - 16
This study aimed at investigating the role of government secondary school principal in the Professional development of teachers in north of the West Bank. In addition, it explains the impact of the following variables: sex, years of administrative experience, specialty, academic qualification, and the site of the school, in the professional development of teachers. To achieve the objective of the study ,the researchers developed a questionnaire consisted of (48) items distributed to five domains: curricula and methodology management of education, human relations and communication, self-homework of teacher, and supervision. The questionnaire was distributed to a sample study consisted of (92) males and females principals in different countries in north of the West Bank. The study, also, revealed that the role of governmental secondary schools was high on all five domains, and there are no significant differences attributed to :sex, years of administrative experience sand site of the school. Also ,the results revealed significant differences attributed to :specialty in the favour of human sciences. There were significant differences related academic qualification in favour of post-graduate to diploma on all five domains in favour of post-graduate to B.A.in two domains: curricula and methodology and supervision. There were significant differences in favour of B.A to diploma in two domains: human relations and communication and principal homework. The results revealed that there were many obstacles limit professional development of teachers, such as: highness of teachers classes load, absence of material and moral incentives. The researchers recommended to reduce teachers loads of classes and reinforced principals’ role in professional teachers development.
University education is one of the strongest foundation pillars of any community. Those pillars are linked to the level of the faculty member efficiency, which relies heavily on the professional development of the faculty member. This professional development aims at giving the required skill to cope with changes of the times.
One of the most approach to such development is training. Training plays an important role in achieving the professional development on condition on determining the training needs of the faculty member.
The importance of this study arises from the fact that its topic had never been dealt with by any of Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University researchers.
At the same time, the research has focused on determining the training needs of female faculty members at Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University by those members.
Therefore, Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University can make use of the study results to make plans for its training programmes. As a result, the study aimed at identifying the training needs of the female faculty members and those of some stand from their point of view in scientific research domain, planning the teaching curriculum, and lecturing. In addition to this, the study aimed at finding out the effects and impact of the academic qualifications, academic rank, years of experiences at university level, previous training to determining their needs. From the questionnaire feedback, analysis and descriptive approach used. The main results are as follows:
- Lack of awareness of female faculty members of the importance of training faculty members to keep up with recent developments in their field of work.
- The need for training on how to use information technology program in their scientific research.
- The need for training of the use of teaching methods leading to the development of scientific and critical thinking.
- The need for training to motivate the student for the duration of the lecture in various ways.
TIMSS, Proposed Strategy, Teaching and Learning of Mathematics.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 33 - 60
The main objective of the study is developing a strategy that helps in improving of the mathematics level of the Saudi Students on the international competitions (TIMSS).
To achieve the previous aim, the results have been reviewed in order to identify the actual level of mathematics acquisition of the students of the Islamic, Arabic and Gulf countries according to the results of the international competitions (TIMMS).Then, comparing the level of mathematics acquisition of the Saudi students with those of the other countries, and with the international students.
The results of the study has shown that the Saudi students’ acquisition in mathematics is weak; and the students of the other countries who have taken part in TIMSS competitions (including Islamic, Arabic and Gulf countries) have surpassed their Saudi competitive despite the huge capacities of Saudi Arabia in all fields.
According to the study's results, it has concluded the preparation of a proposed strategy to improve the mathematics acquisition of the Saudi Students and positively influence the participation of the future international competitions.
The study has recommended the implementation of that strategy by one of the related agencies in the kingdom (Ministry of Education-King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology, The Excellence Center of Science and Mathematics Education at King Saud University in Riyadh). The researcher hopes that the projected study will improve the mathematics education in Saudi Arabia and helps in fulfilling the needs as well as accomplishing the objectives of the society.
Educational Games, Imagination skill, Kindergarten, Badia of North-east Jordan.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 61 - 70
This study aimed at identifying the impact of computerized educational games in the development of imagination skill of the kindergarten students in Badia of north-east Jordan. The study was conducted in the first semester on (31) kindergarten students, representing the experimental group and (25) kindergarten students making up the control group. Both groups were randomly selected. For the purposes of the study, the researcher developed the computer software to be used in the study, prepared an educational program, and developed an imagination development test. To answer the questions of the study, statistical and descriptive methods including means and standard deviations as well as statistical analysis methods, including: analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used. The study showed that while there were statistically significant differences between the study groups in the development of imagination skill in favor of the experimental group, there were no statistically significant differences between them due to the sex of students. In light of the results of the study, the researcher recommended the expansion in the adoption of the use of software and computer games in learning and teaching in kindergarten. He also recommended that the Ministry of Education should produce educational computer software under the supervision of specialists from university professors, educational supervisors and teachers. Finally, the researcher recommended that further studies should be conducted to identify the impact of computerized educational games and their effectiveness in the different educational levels.
An Educational Website; Internet; Designing Software.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 71 - 80
This study aimed at exploring the effect of using educational website on learning achievement of the students who are studying "Designing Educational Software" in Teachers College, King Saud University. Precisely, this study tried to answer the following questions:
- What is the affect of using the learning Management System "Blackboard" on the learning achievement of the students who are studying "Designing Educational Software" in Teachers College, King Saud University?
- What is the effect of the scientific major variable on learning achievement of the students who are studying "Designing Educational Software" in Teachers College, King Saud University?
- What is the effect of interaction between the way of presenting the educational material and the scientific major on the learning achievement of the students who are studying "Designing Educational Software" in Teachers College, King Saud University?
- The study sample was (52) of students. The main results of the study are the following:
- There is a statistical significant difference in the total mean on the achievement test for the experimental group, which means that the experimental group was better in performance than the control group.
- There is a statistical significant difference in the total mean on the total mean for learning achievement on the favor of the scientific specialization.
- There is statistically significant differences on the favor of interaction between the method of presenting the content and scientific major.
The researcher recommended further educational research that investigates using the internet and its applications in education especially through distance learning.
Instruction Based on Mathematical Thinking, Mathematical Theories, Mathematical Proof, Applications Of Mathematical Theories
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 81 - 96
This study aimed at examining the effect of teaching geometric by using instruction based on mathematical thinking in teaching mathematical theories and their proof and applications to the tenth grade students and in Jordan. The sample of the study consisted of (140) male students of the tenth grade, who were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group that was taught through using instruction- based mathematical thinking. The other was the control group that was taught through using the traditional method of teaching. The study used the following tool: the learning material after it was paraphrased by using instruction based on mathematical thinking, mathematical theories test, mathematical proof test and applications of mathematical theories test. The results of the study showed that the experimental group students significantly excelled their counterparts in the control group.
Organizational Slack, Job Performance, School Principals, Educational Administration
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 97 - 118
This study aimed at finding out the level of organizational slack of public secondary school principals in Jordan and its relationship to job performance of teachers. The sample of the study consisted of (285) male and female principals and (2850) male and female teachers of public secondary schools in Jordan. Two instruments were used to collect data. The first was to measure the level of organizational slack; the second was to measure the level of job performance. The validily and reliability of the two instruments were measured.
The findings of the study indicated that the level of organizational slack of public secondary school principals in Jordan, from teachers' point of view, was high, where as the level of job performance of public secondary school teachers in Jordan, from their principals' point of view, was medium. Furthermore, there was a significant negative correlational relationship at ( ≤ 0.01) between the level of organizational slack of public secondary school principals in Jordan, and the level of job performance of teachers. The value of Pearson correlation coefficient was (-0.25). According to the results, the researchers recommend to activate the mechanisim of principals selection.
Personal Traits, Gifted Children, Normal Children
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 119 - 134
This study aimed at identifying special traits of gifted/ talented children in comparison with normal children. The sample of this study consisted of 462 students from the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades. Cattell (PF 16) test was used to identify the traits of gifted children. This tool was developed to the Jordanian population by Qaraeen (1980). The test contains 187 items distributed through 16 factors. Results showed that gifted children tend to be more intelligent, calm, adventures, with a tendency to control, in comparison with normal children who showed lower intelligence than gifted children. Also, normal children were more submissive, shy and less oriented to change. Furthermore, gifted children were more realistic and practical and less anxious. In addition, they showed higher levels of nervousness, flexibility, skepticism, anxiety and were less conservative than normal children.
Regarding gender, significant differences were found. Gifted females had higher averages in personal traits like flexibility and calmness in comparison with gifted male children. This indicates higher flexibility by females and higher anxiety in gifted males. Other traits were further discussed in this article.
Authors: Raja Salem Abu-Mraighi , Mohammad Saleem Al Zboon
Educational Administrative needs, Head of Special Education School.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 135 - 154
This study aimed at assessing the educational and managerial needs for the special education schools in Jordan. To achieve such goal, a questionnaire was created; benefited from the educational literature related to needs and adequacies. It consisted of four areas in forty paragraphs. Those four areas are as follows: planning, relations with the domestic society, educational supervision, assessment.
This questionnaire was implemented by all principles of the twelve special education schools in Jordan after being checked for truthfulness and accuracy.
We concluded the following results:
- The status of the educational management abilities that the principles of the special education schools have in the planning area is to create a comprehensive annual plan for the school budget, and the funding coming from the governmental and private sector to be spent on the different activities of the school, in the assessment part these abilities are in auditing the school’s financial reports and monitoring school’s monthly spending. In the local society, the principle’s job is to emphasize the school role, being important in the different society associations and to empower teachers relationship with this society.
- The educational management abilities, that the principles of special education schools should have in the planning area, are to identify the general goals of the school to be synchronized with the special education and the society goals, in the assessment it is done in auditing financial reports and monitor monthly spending of the school, and design parents’ programs for children with special needs to help them teach their children the appropriate skills and behaviors from home.
- The educational managerial needs in the planning field emerge by improving the educational curriculum that matches students needs with the help of specialized teachers in the special education.
Defending on those results, researcher recommends the Ministry of Education create assessment forms to necessitate special education schools principles’ to assess their teachers, to cooperate with special education professionals and to design and develop educational curriculums to match students needs.
Managerial Skills, Technical Skills, Communication Skills.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 155 - 170
This study highlights the classroom management skills in the faculties of education and science at Kuwait University, It aims at identifying the reality of managerial skills, technical skills and communication skills in the management of classrooms as well as to identify the differences in classroom management skills in professional colleges by the colleges as literary students see these schools, and to make proposals for the development of methods of classroom management skills to the university professor. It has been applied questionnaire composed of three dimensions dealing with management skills, technical skills, and communication skills. The study sample consisted of (242) students from the faculties of education and science. Data were analyzed using a program (SPSS), and use the frequencies, percentages, and t-test (t-test), and test (ANOVA). The results showed that the most important management skills which sees members of the sample are in attendance and completion date of the lecture, and adjust the system in the classroom, and lecture time to invest in the commentary. It shows also that the most important technical skills is to provide students with the characterization of the decision at the beginning of the school, and having students conduct research and obligations, and explain the objectives and content of the curriculum at the beginning of the chapter, and that is the most important communication skills in dealing with students politely and respect, and speak in a clear voice and audible during the lecture. In addition, the study shows also as it turned out that there were no statistically significant differences between members of the sample according to the variable type and the faculty and the overall rate. The recommendations include: the need to hold training courses mandatory for new faculty members from all colleges, and provide members of the teaching methods and modern methods, in order to increase communication proposes an open day at the beginning of each semester for long relationship between students and teachers.
This study aimed at comparing the use of teachers of mathematics, Arabic and English language in discovery schools in Amman, who use the uploaded e-content curricula on EduWave. The population and sample of the study were all male and female teachers in those schools, who teach those subjects to eighth, ninth, and tenth graders, using the uploaded e-content curricula. Data were collected by using a questionnaire and a newspaper for an interview. The results indicated that mathematics teachers ranked first in the use of e-content. Also, there were no statistically significant differences in the degree of the use of teachers of mathematics, Arabic and English language for e-content attributable to variables of gender, and years of experience.
This study has aimed to analyze the skill performance of arab teams and to compare it with similar skill in the continental teams. A description method was used in this study. The sample of this study included all the continental national teams participated in the F.I.F.A Cup in south itnes 2009 which was consisted of 184 players, six national continental winner teams and the world cup winner 2008 beside the hostess country participated in the championship. The study has reached to the following results:
1. The arab national teams has clear weaknesses in the technical skills compared to the other continental national teams.
2. There is a clear superiority in shooting skills for the continental Teams in comparison with arab team’s results.
3. There is a clear superiority in possession of the ball skills for the continental teams in comparison with arab teams.
4. There is a clear deferens in some anthropometric measure (height of players) for the continental teams in comparing with Arab teams.
5. The arab national teams has clear weaknesses in the physical itness compared to the other continental national teams.
This study recommends paying more attention to essential training of skills in early ages, depending upon modern training methods, and concentrating on developing shooting skills in similar conditions to actual competition.
Authors: Mustafa N. Al-Qamash , Fuad E. Al-Jawaldeh
An Education Program; Computer Skill; Retards Children
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 213 - 227
The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of educational program In the development of computer skills to children with mental retardation. The study consisted of (40) children with Mental Retardation, who are the learning at the center of Al-Manar to the intellectual development in the area of Amman and who enrolled for the second semester (2010\2011). Their age ranged between (8-15) years with an average age of (12.16) years and standard deviation of (1.79). They were chosen for the study the sample of direct way, They were divided into two groups which are experimental and controlled. The experimental group that contains two sections (male and female) studied using a training program for Development of Computer Skills. The controlled group, consisting of two sections (males and females) studied by the traditional way. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher's initiated a training program for Development of Computer skills and using school environment observation lists. The study found that there were statistically significant differences at level ( =0.05) in the school environment observation lists for the benefit of the experimental group that was exposed to the educational program for the development of computer skills. Also, the results showed there are no significant differences at the significance level ( =0.05) between the averages for improving computer skills in children mentally retarded to respond dimensional due to the variables of the study (sex and variable of (Interactive teaching style × sex)). Based on the results of the study, the researchers recommends to carry out more studies
Technical Performance, Childhood Education Teachers, and Instructional Competencies
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 228 - 240
The current study explored the technical performance of school principals in developing instructional competencies of childhood education female teachers in Al-Buraimi Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman. The sample of the study consisted of (212) female teachers in the academic year 2008/2009. To collect the data of the study, the researchers developed a questionnaire consisted of (60) items distributed into three fields: planning, instruction execution, and evaluation. The findings of the study showed that the technical performance of school principals was in a middle degree. More specifically, lesson execution scored the first rank followed by the evaluation field, while planning field scored the last rank. Based on the study findings, the researcher drew a set of recommendations related to the current study.
Constructivist Approach-Based Instructional Strategy (PDEODE), Mathematical Thinking, Understanding And retension Of Mathemmatical Concepts
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 241 - 257
This study aimed at examining the effect of the constructivist approach-based instructional strategy (PDEODE) on developing mathemmatical thinking and understanding mathemmatical concepts and retention of these conception among the tenth grade students. The sample of the study consisted of (100) male students of the tenth grade, who were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group was taught through the constructivist approach baseon the d instructional strategy (PDEODE). The control group was taught through using the traditional method of teaching. The study used the following tools: the learning material after it was modified by using the constructivist approach based on the instructional strategy (PDEODE), and a test in mathematical thinking, a test in understanding mathemmatical concepts. The results of the study indicate that the experimental group students significantly surpassed their counterparts in the control group.
Authors: I. Hammad , N. Labadi , S. Shdaifat , M. Dojan
Students' Attitudes, Method of Teaching Islamic Education Curriculum, Fiqh, University Of Jordan, the Teaching Profession
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 258 - 273
This study aimed at identifying the attitudes of Fiqh major students in the Faculty of Shari’a at the University of Jordan towards the profession of teaching. It also investigates the effect of “method of teaching Islamic education curriculum course” in attitudes towards the teaching profession. The study sample consisted of 193 males and females Fiqh students in the Faculty of Shari’a at the University of Jordan at undergraduate level. For the purposes of the study, the researchers developed a questionnaire consisted of (34) items to measure students' attitudes towards the teaching profession. The findings suggest the existence of a positive direction average towards the teaching profession, as the mean of the responses of students to the questionnaire was (3.04) from (5). The results of the study also indicated that students' attitudes who have relatives working in the profession of teaching to the teaching profession was less than students who do not have relatives working in the teaching profession. The attitudes of students with higher estimates (excellent, very good) in the high school was less than the students who have obtained estimate (good) in high school. However, there were no statistically significant differences for each of the other variables: Gender, the stream in high school and place of residence. In addition, the results of the study also showed that the presence of method of “teaching Islamic education curriculum course” had a positive role in the development attitudes of Fiqh major students in the Faculty of Shari’a at the University of Jordan towards teaching profession.
The study aimed at detecting the impact of using the strategy of imagination in teaching history on the development of creative thinking among students in the sixth basic grade in Jordan. The participants of the study were (60) students, chosen deliberately. The were of randomly distributed into two groups was conducted: the experimental group consisted of (31) students who have studied through using the strategy of imagination, and the control group consisted of (29) students who have studied using the traditional strategy.
To achieve the objectives of the study the lessons and units of the "Abbasi era" in the history text book were reformulated in accordance to the strategy of imagination. In addition, Torrance Test of Creative Thinking the verbal version A was used. Results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the development of fluency, originality flexibility and the ability of creative thinking in general, as well as in the development of attitudes towards history also, there were a statistically significant correlation between the students scores on the creative thinking test and their level of attitudes in favor of the experimental group. The study recommended to adopt the strategy of imagination in teaching since it contributes to the development of creative thinking for students, and to since some imagination texts and activities in the history curriculum since imagination is useful in reducing the effect of boring and routine that usually accompanies the lessons of history.
This paper presents a brief outline of the Theme system within systemic-functional grammar. It focuses on the concept of Theme and the different positions taken by systemic-functional linguists. It is also concerned with questions raised about Halliday’s Theme analysis: function, definition, identification of Theme, the three kinds of meaning which are realised in Theme, and representation of multiple Themes in the clause. Further, the paper presents new developments in Theme analysis, i.e. alternative Theme analytical frameworks emerging from Halliday's approach to Theme analysis. The paper closes with implications for language learning and teaching, regarding the potential of Theme analysis in exploring and revealing how texts develop, and the role of thematic choices and thematic progression in the cohesion, coherence and development of text