IT Education, Training, Higher Education, Training Programs.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 1 - 10
This study aimed to identify the training needs of faculty members at community colleges in Jordan from their points of view regarding the integration of technology in higher education. The study will took into account the impact of gender on those needs suggested a training program to integrate technology in community colleges in Jordan according to the needs in this field.
The study population consisted of all members of the faculty in these colleges with a total number of (842) of whom (551) males and (291) females. The sample of the study was (225) members, of whom (80) females and (145) males who were selected randomly. The study came to a conclusion that including: training needs were highly emphasized with a number of (36) which is (100%).
The results also indicate that there was no statistically significant difference in assessing the training needs of faculty members belonging to the gender variable. Thus, training program was proposed to meet the needs for integrating technology in education for faculty members of community colleges in Jordan.
Based on the findings, the researcher recommended identifying the training needs of faculty members of private and governmental community colleges in using technology in education, and conduct a study on the designing of training programs for faculty members of community colleges in the field of design educational media production.
Vocational and Technical Education, Social Image, Proposed Solutions, Expertise in Jordan.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 11 - 28
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of solutions proposed to promote the social image of vocational and technical education from the point of view of experts in Jordan. The study population consisted of all experts on vocational and technical education in Jordan. A self-completed questionnaire was developed for the purpose of the study, where its validity and reliability was verified.
The results of the study were as follows:
1) The nature of the solutions formed of the six areas: curriculum and teaching methods, infrastructure and educational environment, policies and legislation, media and communication, vocational guidance and counseling, and partnership between organizations concerned with vocational education.
2) No significant statistical differences, that can be attributed to the variable of work nature(centralized / decentralized), on all areas of solutions, except in the area of infrastructure and educational environment, in favor of experts at the central level.
3) No statistically significant differences, that can be attributed to the variable of work institution, on all areas of solutions.
4) No significant statistical differences were detected due to the interaction between the study variables.
In light of these findings, it was recommended that the areas of proposed solutions should form a general framework for any intention to promote the social image of technical and vocational education and training.
Efficiencies, Arabic Language Teachers, Educational Technology.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 29 - 40
This study aimed to know the degree of possession of Arabic language teachers to education technology efficiencies from their point view.
The study sample consisted 0f (80) male and famale teachers of Arabic Language teachers in schools at Salt, and to achieve the objective of the study, researcher prepared Questionnaire consisted of (48) the adequacy of distributed (5) areas, and data processing statistically been using arithmetic means and standard deviations and t-test, where results showed that the Arabic language teachers have (11) the adequacy of very large extent, (30) the adequacy significantly Technological Skills due to sex education. The results showed the presence of statistically significant differences in the degree of ownership due to the variable experience for the benefit of experienced ten years and more, and in the light of the results researcher recommends:
Enrich teacher preparation programs at Universities Courses more in the field of education technology, especially in the field.
Holding training courses for teachers of Arabic language in the course of the service is based on educational technology competencies, especially in the area of production means and educational programs
Conduct studies on the adequacy of teacher preparation programs in the development of educational technology competencies among students of teachers in Universities, especially in the field of information and communication technology.
The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of instructional program based on interactive thinking tools developing creative thinking among students with hearing disabilities in the basic stage in Jordanian Sample. The sample of the study consisted of (20) students selected randomly in the second semester of the school year 2010-2011 from (2) schools: Al Amal School at Zarqa' (10 students representing the control group students not receiving any intervention) and Al Raja' School at Zarqa' (10 students representing the experimental group receiving the instructional program).
To achieve the aim of the study, instructional program based on interactive thinking tools was administrated to the experimental group students, and consisted of (28) sessions. Content validity for the instructional program was obtained using a panel of specialists. A creative thinking test was administrated to the study subjects. Reliability and validity were established for test and found to be adequate to achieve the aim of the study.
Results of the study indicated staticale significant differences in the performance of study subjects on the total creative thinking pretest and creative thinking skills (specifications, sensitivity to problems, fluency, authenticity and flexibility), in favor of experimental group study subjects. The study concluded that instructional program based on interactive thinking tools was very effective in developing creative thinking among students with hearing disabilities in the basic stage in Jordanian Sample. The Study also concluded with a number of recommendations.
Authors: “Mohammed Ameen” H. Qudah , Mostafa Q. Helat , Mohammed S. Al-Zboon
Unrealistic Optimism, Faculty of Education, Social variables.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 60 - 72
The study aimed to reveal the prevalence degree of unrealistic optimism among female college students of educational science faculties at Jordanian universities, and its relationship with some social variables. To achieve this a measure developed by Ansari (2001) was adopted and applied to a sample of (600) student.
The results showed that the degree of prevalence of unrealistic optimism is come to a moderate with the mean of (5.52), and standard deviation of (0.80). The study also revealed a statistically significant differences at the significant level (α ≤ 0. 05) in the unrealistic optimism due to the variable of the universities between University of Jordan and both of Mutah University and the College of Princess Alia, and in favor of the University of Jordan, and between Mutah University and the College of Princess Alia, and in favor of Mutah University.
Significant differences also revealed due to the variable level of study between the second and the fourth year in favor of fourth year, and variable of congenital of arrangement between the first and the last, and in favor of the first, while results did not show any statistically significant differences in unrealistic optimism due to the variables of GPA, and of education of the parents.
This study aimed at: First, to investigate the conceptual and procedural knowledge of fractions of one hundred and five pre-service teachers in the College of Education at Yarmouk University. Second, to explore the relationship between pre-service teachers' conceptual knowledge of fractions and their procedural knowledge of fractions. Third, to study the relationship between pre-service teachers' knowledge of fractions and the level of mathematical anxiety they may acquire. Data were collected through two instruments. The first, measures pre-service teachers' conceptual and procedural fraction knowledge, and the second measures their mathematics anxiety level. The results revealed that pre-service teachers did not achieve the mastery level score (80%) on the fraction knowledge test and they only scored the passing level (50%). Furthermore, the study indicated a statistical significance difference between pre-service teachers' conceptual fraction knowledge and their procedural fraction knowledge in which the students scored higher on the procedural fraction knowledge. A negative moderate correlation was recorded between pre-Service teachers' fraction knowledge and their anxiety level.
The purpose of this study was to identify the properties of reputable professions and their applications to physical education from the viewpoint of physical education specialists.
A questionnaire was designed to fulfill the purpose of the study. The study sample was chosen purposively. Individuals (n = 726) distributed into physical education worker in the field (faculty members at the university, physical education supervisors, physical education teachers, as well as senior physical education students, at Jordanian universities. Data were gathered and treated statistically by using (SPSS) model.
The results of the study revealed that the study sample determines that teaching physical education could be considered as one of professions because of its congruency with the properties of those reputable professions,. Also, the results showed significant statistical differences at(∞ ≤.05) level of significance pertaining to profession properties domain , when taking occupational levels of the sample into account, where the responses of higher occupations such as PE university faculty members, and those who have higher qualifications such as graduate degree holders, and those teachers who have greater experiences, in addition to those individuals who work on private sectors such as private schools and institutions as well as UNRWA school teachers.
Gifted and Talented Students, Teacher's Attitudes.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 102 - 119
This study aimed at identifying the degree of the future teachers' attitudes toward the gifted and talented students and their programs in pre-service stage and identifying the effectiveness of teaching the course " Developing Giftedness and Talent" on development their attitudes to this category. The sample of the study consisted of (58) students from the College of Educational Science during the academic year 2010/2011, the experimental group 27 students who were enrolled in "Developing Giftedness and Talent Course" and a control group 31 students who were enrolled in other courses. The results revealed that students obtained moderate means on the level of attitudes toward the gifted and talented students and their programs as a whole. While they obtained the highest means on special programs dimension, the students obtained the lowest means on future directions in gifted education dimension. Also, the findings revealed that there were statistically significant differences in studying the course "developing giftedness and talent" on changing the future Teachers' attitudes toward the gifted and talented students and their programs in favor of the experimental group in whole degree and labeling, consequences of gifted education, special classes for the gifted, and future directions in gifted education dimensions.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of computerized adaptive testing on the accuracy of estimation of mental ability using Raven matrices based on two estimation methods (MLE versus MAP) and based on the test completion rule (limited number of items versus least standard error) . To achieve this purpose, item bank was built consisting of 105 items drawn from these matrices. Five computerized tests were used in the study, applied on a sample consisting of 638 students. Results of the study indicated that the rule of ending test with a limited number of items provide more accurate mental ability estimations, and more accurate information function than least standard error rule. Least standard error rule is 50% more accurate than ending tests with a limited number of items. Computerized adaptive testing provides more accurate mental ability estimations, and reduces the number of administered items by 70%. Furthermore, it has higher information function than linear testing depending on the used one of the two methods of estimation. Both MLE and MAP give equal ability estimations and accuracy indices, but MLE has a higher information function than MAP. Based on the results of the study it was recommended to: use adaptive testing for different practical purposes and to use maximum likelihood method in estimating ability based on adaptive testing, more studies were recommended to compare the two estimation methods with different numbers of items in the bank and with different lowest level standard error.
This study aimed at knowing the effect of discovery and dialogue methods on the critical thinking and achievement of the eleventh grade students. To achieve this objective, the researchers prepared an achievement test and adopted the Watson-Glaser test for critical thinking.
The sample consisted of three sections with a total (57) students, which selected randomly: the first experimental group was taught the Islamic History by dialogue method, the second experimental group was taught by discovery method, and the control group was taught the by the traditional method.
The researchers used ANCOVA, and Schefee test for multiple comparisons. The results showed that there were statistical significant differences at the level (0.05) between students' critical thinking and achievement, in favor of those who studied history by using dialogue and discovery methods, when compared with those who studied history by using the traditional method. Some recommendations were proposed in the light of these results.
Islamic Education, Mathematics, Information and Communication Technology, Basic Schools Teachers.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 158 - 170
This study aimed at comparing between Islamic Education teachers and Mathematics teachers in the degree of using (ICT) in light of its availability in the public Basic Schools in Jordan. The study sample consisted of (209) teachers. (113) of them were an Islamic Education teachers, and (96) of them were a Mathematics teachers. To achieve the objectives of the study a questionnaire of (25) items in two areas was constructed: the availability degree of (ICT), and the degree of using (ICT). After data collection and Analysis. The results showed that (ICT) was available in not-enough degree. And teachers don't use (ICT) in their teaching, as well as study results showed no statistically significant differences between the means in using (ICT) due to the Qualification and specialization.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of detraining on physical fitness variables (speed, with speed, explosive power, endurance) and physiological variables Maximal Oxygen consumption (VO2max), and indicators of body composition), the sample of the study consisted of (15) soccer players, of the team in the Faculty of Physical Education - University of Jordan, they carried out tests and measurements on certain physiological and physical measurements before dropping out of training. Then same tests and measurements were performed, after dropping out of training for a period of (10) weeks.
The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the results of tests and measurements, before and after and in favor of pre-test on all physiological indicators study ((VO2max) indicators of body composition) and indicators of physical abilities (speed, with speed, explosive power, endurance).
The researcher recommended to maintain physical exercises at moderate intensity during drop out of period to maintain an adequate level of fitness through exercise and events that take unilaterally; such as swimming and jogging.
This study aimed at investigating the relationship between organizational conflict management methods and its relationship to administrative creativity of managers and directors of Government schools in Karak. The goal of the study achieved by questionnaire which was developed and distributed to the study sample consisting of (225) principals. Results showed that the area overall methods of conflict management came high degree, and there is no significant differences in the methods of conflict management attibuted to gender and experience, and the existence of differences in the methods of conflict management attibuted to academic qualifiecation. The study also pointed out that the area overall creativity administrative came highly, and no significant differences in the administrative Innovation total attributed to gender and qualification, and the existence of significant differences in administrative Innovation total attributed to the experience. A positive relationship was significant at the significance level (α ≤ 0.01) between the methods of conflict management and its dimensions and administrative innovation and dimensions. Recommendation of the study in light of these results increased attention to managers rehabilitation through educational development programs, and training on methods of administrative leadership, and attending training programs to develop their creative skills, to familiarize them with the new innovations in education, especially in the field of school administration.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the interrelations between job satisfaction, teachers' self-efficacy and effective teaching practices based on well-established learning theories (behavioral, cognitive and humanistic), and the predictive power of teachers' self-efficacy and their teaching practices on job satisfaction among a sample (n = 240) of grades 6-10 Arabic language teachers from public schools in Amman's second district. All study variables showed statistically significant positive intercorrelations. The results indicated that teacher perceptions of self-efficacy contributed uniquely in the interpretation of nearly (53%) of variance in job satisfaction, followed by both humanistic and cognitive teaching practices. Also, teacher perceptions of self-efficacy to influence decision making interpreted nearly (46%) of variance in job satisfaction while instructional and disciplinary self-efficacy interpreted nearly (7%; 2%), respectively. It turns out that female compared to male teachers were significantly more satisfied with their work, perceived themselves as more efficient and using more efficient teaching strategies. The study also revealed that teachers with graduate education qualifications reported significantly higher levels of job satisfaction, self-efficacy and effective teaching practices than non-graduate teachers. Finally, results showed that younger teachers perceived themselves as more self-efficient than their older counterparts. However, there was no significant relationship between teaching experiences of teachers with job satisfaction and teaching practices.
Authors: Mohammad Khalaf Diabat , Nart Aref Shoukeh , Nezar Mohammad Al-Wisi
Reciprocal Style, Practice Style, Athletics.
Publication year: 2013
Pages: 227 - 238
This study aimed to identify the effect of two teaching styles Practice and Reciprocal to development some physical Fitness Components and some physiological variables among the students at Faculty of Physical Education at Yarmouk University. The sample of study contains of (30) students enrolled in the course of athletic course in the second semester of academic year 2011/2012. The researchers used the experimental method which was applied to the program by using two groups(n:15) for a period of eight weeks, three teaching units per week, and the other group was taught by practice style, and the number As well as (15) student. Results of the study showed an effective statistical significant in improving some physical attributes and developed some physiological variables in both styles. The group which was examined by reciprocal styles shows best and interactive level of teaching than those who followed the practice style. The researchers recommend proving the use of the reciprocal style in improving some physical attributes and some physiological variables for athletic students at Faculty of Physical Education.