Workshop Conversation, Five Groups, Achievement, Pre-Vocational Education.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 1 - 12
The study aimed to detect the effect of using workshop conversation approach with the five groups in the achievement of the tenth grade students in pre-vocational education compared to the traditional style. The study sample consisted of (60) female students from the tenth grade in one of the schools in the zarqa governarate in jordan, which consisted of two classes, represented the experimental group, while the other represented the control group. The two groups were tested according to the achievement test. Means scores, standard deviations were calculated for the means of the groups and (ANCOVA) was utilized to test the statistical significance of the differences. Results showed statistically significant differences in mean scores between the experimental group and control group to the reference of the experimental group.
The study aimed at investigating the problems that face student-teachers in pre-vocational education during the practical training. The study sample consisted of (30) student-teachers enrolled in the course of practical training in the specialty of field teacher for vocational education in AL-Shobak university college in the two prpgrams (Bachelor and Diploma). The sample represents (81%) of the study population. Aquestionnaire contains (54) items distributed into five domains.The study results showed that student teachers face problems during training in a medium level. The most important problems facing them, respectively, were those related to (pupils, supervision, the cooperative school, the nature of vovational education curriculum, and problems related to the educational preparation of the trainees). The study results also showed statistically significant differences in the level between the problems faced by students in (Diploma or Bachelor) programs.
Authors: Suleiman A. Qadere , Heba M. Krasha , Awwad A. Aladmat
Constructivist Internet-Based Learning Environments, University Students
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 30 - 45
This study aimed at identifying students' preferences toward the constructivist internet-based learning environments in Jordan. The study also focused on analyzing the effect of student’s gender on their preferences. To achieve the study purposes, a questionnaire consisted of (29) items was developed depending on the Constructivist Internet-Based Learning Environment Survey (CILESI) developed by Tsai (2008). The items of the questionnaire are distributed into six fields: ease of use, multiple sources, reflective thinking, critical thinking, relevance and epistemological awareness. The validity and reliability of the instrument were verified. The questionnaire was administered on the sample of the study, which consisted of (568) university students enrolled at three Jordanian universities (Yarmouk University, Jordan University of Science and Technology University and Al al-Bayt University) during the scholastic year 2011/2012. The study revealed that the level of students' Preferences toward the Constructivist Internet-Based Learning Environments amongst the sample was high in general. Also, the results revealed that the study subject reported high level for 19 items, moderate level for 10 items. The level of students' Preferences toward the Constructivist Internet-Based Learning Environments did not vary according to gender. In light of these results, some recommendations were offered.
Children Songs, Oral Expression Skills. Intellectual, Linguistic, Vocal, Gestural, First Basic Grade.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 46 - 61
This study aimed at investigating the effect of teaching method in its two levels: children songs and tradition on developing first graders’ oral expression skills. The participants (n=48) of the study were selected from two sections of the first basic grade at Yarmouk University Model School. One of them assigned as an experimental group and the other as a control one. For the purpose of the study, a checklist for estimating oral expression skills was developed, consisting of (21) items and four aspects (skills): intellectual, linguistic, vocal and gestural. To answer the questions of the study, means, standard deviations, MANCOVA and ANCOVA were utilized. The results indicated that the degree of oral expression skills possessed by students was medium, and also showed that rhymes and songs were effective, as a teaching method, in developing first graders’ oral expression skills; and, while there was no effect for rhymes and songs on intellectual skills, there was a significant effect for such a method on the vocal, linguistic and gestural ones. Upon the results of the study, some recommendations for instruction and research were suggested.
Authors: Maram Fu'ad Abu Al- Nadi , Anmar M. Al- Kaylani
Knowledge, Management, Public Universities
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 62 - 83
This study aimed at presenting suggested rules to knowledge Management at Jordanian Public Universities according to selected Models, based on theoretical literature related to the subject and answering the following questions:
1. What is the status quo of the rules of Knowledge Management at Jordanian Universities?
2. what is the followed rules of knowledge Management according to related literature and selected models?
3. what are the suggested rules to knowledge Management at Jordanian Public Universities according to selected Models?
- What is the degree of the agreement of the study sample for the suggested rules according to aspects of the instrument?
- What is the degree of the agreement of the study sample for the suggested rules according to items of the instrument?
- Are there any significant differences between the agreement means of the study sample due to the variables (University, position, experience)?
4. What is the (Factor Validity) of the suggested rules to knowledge Management at Jordanian Public Universities according to selected Models?
The population of study consisted of administrators and (phd) members at Jordanian Universities in the academic year (2008/2009). To achieve the goal of this study, the researcher had surveyed the status quo of the rules of knowledge Management at Jordanian Universities by a pilot study(400) person then built the instrument according to the pilot study responses and selected Models, the instrument contained seven rules with (62) items and distributed to the study sample which contained (593) person in north,middle,and south region.
The reliability of the study was achieved according to the regular standard methods the reliability was calculated by Cronbach – Alpha method it was rating from (0.89 – 0.92) about the validity of the instruments, it was measured by factor analysis and data was analyzed by finding means and standard deviations and One Way Anova and Tueky test.
The study came up with the following results:
- The status quo of the rules of knowledge Management showed that none of the rules was implemented according to pilot study.
- The selected models had been defined, and based on to build the items.
- (62) items had been built which composed the seven rules.
- There were significant differences between the agreement means of the study sample due to university, and experience variable.
- According to (factor analysis) the suggested rules were accepted, and three items were deleted.
The research introduced many recommendations, the most important was:
- To adopt the suggested rules to knowledge management at Jordanian Public Universities.
The purpose of this study was to standardize the Vocational Preference Inventory for John Holland (VPI-1985) to the Jordanian environment, and examine the psychometric characteristics of the Jordanian version of the Inventory. The Jordanian was applied for (2252) Jordanian students (female N=1133) and (Male N=1119). Anticipated gender differences were found on the RIASEC scales, for the males who achieved the highest scores on the scales: Investigative, Realistic and Enterprising, while females got the highest score on the Investigate, Artistic and Social Scale. The results on the Personality Scales found that males achieved the highest score on the (Acquiescence, self-control and Infrequency) scales, while females achieved the highest scores on the (Acquiescence, Infrequency and self-control). An aspect of the results was the increase of the Investigative interest for females and that both males and females got the first rank on the Acquiescence scale. The results support the reliability and validity of Holland's theory and the vocational preference inventory for the Jordanian environment.
Analogies, Acquisition of Scientific Concepts
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 107 - 124
The present study aimed at analyzing science textbooks in Jordan, in the purpose of identifying the analogies included in these textbooks, and investigating the effect of using analogies on 8th graders’ acquisition of scientific concepts.
The population of this study consisted of all the female students enrolled in the 8th grade primary sections in the public schools of the first Educational District Directorate of Irbid - Jordan, during the second term of the academic year 2010/2011. These sections are (119) and they include (3927) female students. The study sample was a convenient sample and it consists of (83) students. The sample was divided into 2 groups: 1 experimental groups and 1 control group. The experimental group consisted of (41) students and it was taught through applying analogies strategy in teaching, The control group consisted of (42) students and it was taught using the traditional teaching method.
A forty-item multiple-choice scientific concept test was constructed. To obtain its reliability and consistency, the test was checked and its internal consistency coefficient was (0.89).
The results of the study have revealed statistical differences between the means of the 8th graders’ acquisition of scientific concepts due to differences in the teaching strategy employed to teach science. These statistical differences were in favor of employing analogies strategy in teaching students in comparison with the traditional teaching method.
Authors: Zaid Suleiman M. Al-Edwan , Fadyieh Mohmoud A. Bani Mustafa
The Global Citizenship, History Teachers, The High Basic Stage.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 125 - 136
This study aimed at building a training program for the history teachers in the light of the global citizenship principles and testing its effect on their knowledge level of those principles in Jordan.
Study sample consisted of (26) male and female teachers randomly selected from the history teachers for the high Basic stage in the Education Directorate in Ma'daba Governorate. To achieve the study goals, a training program was build in the light of the global citizenship principles, which are: the global peace, democracy, human rights, human and the environment, scientific thinking, technology, and multi-cultures.and a cognitive test of the global citizenship's principles was prepared.
After performing the relevant statistical analysis the results revealed that the pre-knowledge level of the history teachers for the basic stage of the global citizenship principles was lower than the educational accepted level (80%), and the presence of differences with statistical significance (α=0.01) between the post-knowledge level of the history teachers at the higher basic stage about the global citizenship principles and the educational accepted level (80%), in favor of the training program in each domain of the global citizenship's principles and for the domains collectively. The study recommended the inclusion of the global citizenship principles and concepts in the teachers training programs to increase their awareness in the global issues.
This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of performance of Academic members at Zarqa University from the perspective of students in light of the quality standards of education.
To achieve these objectives a questionnaire prepared consisted of (50) items, distributed on five domains: planning for teaching, and implementation of teaching, communication, and personal traits, assessment of students learning. The questionnaire was applied on a sample consisted of (910) students (600 male, 310 female).
The results of the study showed:
- That the overall arithmetic average of the effectiveness of the performance of academic members was (3.57), which is at a high level.
- That all domains of study came at a high level, except the fifth domain "Assessment of students, learning," came in the middle level.
- There were statistically significant differences due to the variable college for student's science colleges.
- There were no statistically significant differences due to the variable "gender".
- There were statistically significant differences due to the variable level academic level at the macro level, for the second year students and then the fourth year students and finally the third year students.
In the light of the results, the researcher has suggested some recommendations.
Computerized Interactive Curriculum, Oral Communication
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 154 - 167
This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the type of curriculum on oral communication among kindergarteners in Al- koura district in Jordan. To achieve the aim of the study a situational oral communication test was constructed. The sample of the study consisted of (63) kindergarteners purposefully selected from the public schools of Al-koura directorate of education. The students were randomly divided into three equal groups; (21) students in the first group taught by computerized interactive curriculum, (21) students in the second group taught by uncomputerized interactive curriculum, and (21) students in the third group not taught by interactive curriculum. The results of the study revealed that there were statistical significant differences at the level (α≤ 0.05) between the performance means of the three groups in the post lest in the favor of the first one taught by the computerized interactive curriculum, and between second group taught by uncomputrized interactive curriculum and third group not taught by interactive curriculum in the favor of the second one.
This study aimed at investigating the use of educational supervisors of the internet in electronic supervision in education directorates in mafraq governorate and its relationship to variables: sex, experience, and subject. The study sample consisted of (45) supervisors. The study used questionnaire consisting of (32) items.The study results showed that the use of educational supervisors of the Internet was low. The results also showed that there were statistically significant differences of the use of educational supervisors of the Internet due to gender and in favor of males, and no statistically significant differences in the use of educational supervisors of the Internet due to variables of experience and article by supervised.
Authors: Fayhaa Naief Al-Momani , Abdullah Khataybeh , Mohammad Al-Qudah
Marzano’s Model, Dimensions of Learning, Conceptual Understanding, Scientific Concepts, Planning Models, Focus on Knowledge Model, Focus on Issues Model, Focus on Exploration Model.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 181 - 194
This study aimed at investigating the impact of planning models based on the dimensions of Marzano's model in the conceptual comprehension of scientific concepts to the eighth grade students in Jordan. The study sample consisted of 97 female students from the eighth grade in the public schools of the Directorate of Bani Kenana for the academic year 2010/2011 dispensers in four schools have been selected randomly, and randomly distributed planning models.
To achieve the objective of the study, the researcher has been building a conceptual comprehension test in science in a unit of electricity, telecommunications. The tool was applied to groups before the start of treatment to verify the equivalence of groups, then re-applied after the treatment, which lasted five weeks to collect results.
To answer the questions of the study, was calculated means, standard deviations, and use the analysis of variance, and shafee test for comparisons posteriori. The results of the study discovered the presence of statistically significant differences at the level of (α <0.05) in conceptual understanding favor to model of focus on exploration in the Marzano’s model of the dimensions of learning.
In light of this finding study recommended using the model dimensions of learning to Marzano in the educational process learning, and holding seminars and training courses for teachers and supervisors in the field of teaching science to identify the model of the dimensions of learning, and include science curriculum positions and educational activities and tasks reflect the contents of the dimensions of learning to Marzano.
This study aimed at detecting the predictive ability of aggressiveness, anger and depression on Dogmatism trait among a sample of adolescents in Jordan and its relation with social behavior and their self – esteem.
The sample of the study consisted of randomly selected students from the irbid area who are registered for the first semester of the year 2010/2011 in 9th and 10th grade from genders, (509 males and 510 females).
The researchers used 4 scales after verifying the psychometric characteristics (Validity and Reliability) to them. The 4 scales are: Dogmatism, Self- Esteem, Aggresiveness, Anger and Depression.
The results of multiple regression analysis that the variable aggressiveness, anger and depression affected dogmatism trait. As it turns out that there are differences in the dogmatism trait to the variables of gender to the favor of females.
In the light of these results, the researcher recommends conducting further studies about dogmatism, aggressiveness, anger, depression, self- esteem and communication strategies, using new samples and variables, to benefit from this study results.
Jordanian Occupational Standards, Family of "Electric Power", Industrial Education, Vocational Education.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 215 - 238
This study aimed at identifying the Jordanian occupational standards that are required to add to the curriculum of the family of "Electric Power" and needed by the labor market from the perspective of employers. Thirty employers were interviewed in the main occupational group (Utilistion Electricity) because of the small number of employers available in this group. Regarding the other groups, questionnaires were developed consisting the adopted occupational standards in order to test their need for work, in addition to open end questions relating to the standards required to add to the adopted standards. Questionnaires were addressed to (39) employers in the main occupational group (Generation Electricity), (22) employers in (Transmission and Distribution Electricity) and (26) employer in (vehicle Electricity). The study results showed that all the Jordan occupational standards identified by the Vocational Training Corporation must be added to the the curriculum of the family of Electric Power, in addition to other standards that need to be added to bothy the currently adopted standards and the curriculum. These standards address the (honesty, accuracy, mastery of work, teamwork, bearing the stress of work, the use of computer, and mastery of English language). The researchers recommended to include the standards that are not currently addressed in the the adopted standards, to accomdate the curriculum to the newly modified standards, in toreview the standards of the other occupational families.
Authors: Iman Abed Alrahem Alkhlaila , Omar Ahmad Hamshari
Organizational Culture, Total Quality Management, University Libraries, Jordan.
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 239 - 259
This study investigated the relationship between organizational culture and the degree of practice of the total quality management at Public University Libraries in Jordan from the librarians perspective. The population of study consisted of all (415) employees for the academic year 2008-2009, of whom (321) or (77.3%) responded.
Two questionnaires were developed: the first, related to the organizational culture, The second related to the total quality management. The questionnaires were tested for their reliability and validity.
The study revealed that the level and dimensions of the organizational culture prevailed at public university libraries in Jordan from the librarians perspective were moderate, and the degree of the total quality management practice and its principals were also moderate. It is found that there was a significant correlation at the (α ≤ 0.05) level between the organizational culture and the degree of the total quality management practice at public university libraries in Jordan.
The study recommended the need to develope and promote organizational culture at the population libraries by creating an appropriate organizational climate which supports the application of the total quality management.
This study aimed to determent how much the students learning outcomes, is affected by the students’ ability to use scientific reasoning.
The study sample was selected randomly, the total number of students was (839) students, from ninth and tenth grade, each member of the sample attended scientific reasoning test. Validity and reliability of the test have been found according to scientific research, statistical treatments (descriptive and deductive) have been conducted.
For learning outcomes with scientific reasoning ANOVA test (One-way ANOVA) was applied. Averages and the level of significance were extracted. For posterior comparisons Shave test was used.And to find the Effect Size for independent variable in the dependent variable Eta square has been found.
According to analyzing data, the following results have been reached:
- There was a significant difference between the acquisition of the 9th and 10th graders to the learning outcomes of Biology science which is attributed to students’ ability to reason scientifically.
- There was no significant difference between the acquisition of the 9th and 10th graders to the learning outcomes of Biology science which is attributed to the interaction between the level of the class and the students’ scientific reasoning ability.
The study recommends the following:
The development of students' ability to scientific reasoning must be focused during planning and implementation of the curriculum and encourage other studies to investigate the impact of that in other subjects and different grades.
This study investigated the effect of an Animation based teaching program on Biological concepts Comprehinsion among 9th grade female students.
The main question of the study was: Is there a difference in 9th grade female students Comprehinsion of Biological concepts due to the teaching strategy (Animation based Teaching Program versus, traditional strategy)?
The subjects of the study consisted of 68 female students distributed in two groups, an experimental group and a control group at Nathief Preparatory Girl School No.1 which was intentionally selected. A thirty- items multiple choice test was made to asses students comprehension of Biologial concepts, the validity of the test was verified by a panel of jury, while it’s reliability was conducted using Cronbach Alpha for internal consistency that was equal to (0.86).
The result showed that there was a statistically significant difference at (a = 0.05) on Biological concepts Comprehinsion among 9th grade female students that is contributed to the Animation Based Teaching Program.
In view of this finding, it is recommended that Animations should be implicated into science curricula. It’s also recommended that further studies should be conducted to investigate the effect of using Animations on other variables such as scientific thinking, creative thinking, problem solving ability and attitudes to science.
Authors: Fathyah Ahmed Odeh , "Mohammad Najih" Hamdi
Counseling Program, Cognitive Distortions, Marital Adjustment, Relationship with Children
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 296 - 316
This study investigated the effects of a counseling program to modify the wives' cognitive distortions on improving level of marital adjustment and relationship with their children. The sample of the study consisted of 54 wives who have children aged between 14-17 years. The sample was randomly distributed to experimental group (29), and control group (25). Two scales have been used in the study, the marital adjustment scale and the mother - child relationship scale that measures three dimensions of the mother-child relationship (parental authority, emotional attachment and marital consentient). The scale has two versions: One for mothers and the other for children. Results indicated significant differences in the level of marital adjustment and the mother - child relationship in favor of the experimental group.
Results indicated that there was significant correlation between marital adjustment and all dimensions of the mother- child relationship, from the point of view of mothers. Meanwhile there was a significant correlation between marital adjustment and only two dimensions of the mother - child relationship (emotional attachment and marital consentient), but not for the dimension of parental authority from the view point of children.
This study aims at designing an instructional program by using inclusion teaching style, and it aims to find out its effect on learning some basic skills of badminton for students of physical education and sports sciences faculty, Hashemia University.
Sample included (26) of registered students of badminton course in second term of scholastic year 2007/2008, where the sample divided into two groups. Experimental group (n=13) was submitted to inclusion style, meanwhile control one) n=13) was submitted to traditional method (demonstration).
Results showed that inclusion style was more effective than traditional method in learning badminton skills.
The both researches recommended applying inclusion style in learning badminton skills.
Human Resource Management, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment
Publication year: 2015
Pages: 329 - 340
The study aims at testing Kuwaiti school principals’ human resource management practices (HRMPs) and their effect on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in public schools in Kuwait. Although HRMPs have been studied extensively in various industries, only a few studies have addressed the education industry. The data of the current study were collected using the survey method from a sample of 281 public school principals. Using descriptive and regression statistical methods, the findings showed that (a) principals’ perceptions about job satisfaction and organizational commitment were moderate, whereas their perceptions about their superintendents’ HRMPs were less than moderate; (b) superintendents’ HRMPs were significant predictors of job satisfaction and organizational commitment; (c) job satisfaction dimensions also significantly predicted organizational commitment; and (d) superintendents’ HRMPs led to job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Relevant recommendations were included.