The study aimed to investigate the level of the psychological stress and its relation to the dimensions of personality among a sample of normal and disabled students at the basic elementary level in Balqa governorate in Jordan. The sample consisted of (202) students. To achieve the objectives of the study, two scales were used: the psychological stress scale and the personality dimensions scale. The results of the study revealed that the level of psychological stress among the normal students was average where the personal stress came first, followed by social stress, and finally the family stress. While the disabled students showed a high level of psychological stress, and the social stress came first, followed by family stress, and finally the personal stress. The results also showed that there were statistically significant differences in the level of the psychological stress between the normal students and students with disabilities at the overall score and sub- score in favor of the students with disabilities. Moreover, the results indicated that there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between psychological stress and personality dimensions: extroversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness. Further, a statistically significant direct correlation between the psychological stress and the neurotic dimension among the normal students was found. On the other hand, the results indicated that there was a statistically significant inverse correlation between psychological stress and the personality dimensions: extroversion and agreeableness. In addition, a statistically significant direct correlation between psychological stress and personality dimensions: neurosis and conscientiousness among the students with disabilities was seen.
Emad Mohamad Alzubi, Ahmad Abed Alhameed Al-Makahleh, Abdul Latif Khalaf al-Ramamneh, Malak Hassan Al-Barghouthi *
psychological stress, personal dimensions, normal students, disabled students, basic elementary level