Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 34, Issue 1

Prosthetic Approach of Rehabilitating Patients with Velopharyngeal Insufficiency

en
Authors: Yaser Natour , Bashar Al-Khamrah
Keywords: Palatal lift, velopharyngeal insufficiency, prosthesis, measured gap, real gap.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 1 - 8

Abstract

Nasometric evaluation (measurement of the nasalance scores) was conducted pre and post palatal lift fitting. Perceptual judgment of the patient’s vocal resonance quality was also conducted pre and post palatal lift fitting by three speech-language pathologists, one dentist and two M.A. students of speech-language pathology. Post palatal lift results showed that Nasometric readings were within normal limits. Also, vocal resonance was checked and the patient achieved normal resonance. Optimal prosthetic management of the palato-pharyngeal port requires close interaction between a number of professionals (e.g.the dentist and speech pathologist and the x-ray specialist) in the use of videofluoroscopy for design, placement and modification of the prosthesis.

Diglossia and Linguistic Error

en
Authors: Hanan I. Amayreh
Keywords: Diglossia, Linguistic Error, Standard Language, Slang Language
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 9 - 22

Abstract

A way from the method of "say and do not say", this study aims to clarify the error, analyze it, identify the reason of the error's occurrence and balance between the standard and slang level, and how the error was generated between these two levels.

The Dialects of Kenanah and Huthail in Abi Nasr al-Farabi’s Pamphlet

en
Authors: Iman "M.A." Al-Kilani
Keywords: Kenanah’s dialect, Huthail’s dialect, Abu Nasr al-Farabi’s Pamphlet
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 23 - 54

Abstract

The research tried to state, classify and count these features in order to find out the most important characteristics of the differences in the joint standard literary language.

Some Ways of Dealing with Semi-vowels in Linguistic Replacement Books: An Analytic Study

en
Authors: Amenah S. Al-Zu’bi
Keywords: Comparative philology, Comparative morphology, Historical linguistics, Arabic phonology
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 55 - 71

Abstract

Blocking “Af al min” from Nunation: Reasons and Syllable Sequencing

en
Authors: Munir T. Shatnawi
Keywords: Blocking from nunation, Nunation, Syllable sequencing, Syllable structure
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 72 - 81

Abstract

As Arabic favors such type of cadence, it does not sanction the occurrence of two adjacent syllables with equal weight, i.e. “Lin” followed by “min”, especially if “n” is longated or assimilated, in which case Arabic disfavors such rhythmic patterning.

Social and Economic Causes of Divorce in Northern Jordan: A Field Study in Irbid Governorate

en
Authors: Fahmi S. Ghazwi
Keywords: Economic factors, Social factors, Divorce, Northern Jordan
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 82 - 97

Abstract

Paradox in cArar’s Poetry

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Authors: Musleh A. Al-Najjar , Awni S. Al-Faouri
Keywords: Paradox, cArar’s Poetry
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 98 - 113

Abstract

Arar’s poems, so this research explained sixteen of them by examples, trying to show the paradox in each of them.

Abstract

The study suggested the following recommendations: 1. Reducing the percentage of female drop-out of schools, 2. Increasing awareness among parents and the young of negative effects of early marriage through various kinds of media, 3. Focusing on the important role of government institutions (legislative, legal and judiciary) to find proper mechanisms to protect both females and males from early marriage and to maintain their rights in such cases.

Abstract

Kinds of food, drinks and sweets in these parties.

Building the Fragmental Time in the Jordanian Novel "The Wildernesses of Fever" as Model

en
Authors: Naser Ya’qoub
Keywords: Time of the Story, Time of Discourse, Time of Context, Event Extension, Narration on Position, Outside Flashbacks, Inside Flashbacks, Flashback Extent, Flashback Period.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 138 - 150

Abstract

The paper analyzes the fragmental time of the novelist in three areas: Time of the story, time of the discourse and time of the context, to show the nature of the time of the story and how it is obvious in the time of discourse. Also, it shows how the fragmental structure deals with the temporal narrative rhythm; through the techniques of narrative acceleration, such as the ellipsis and conclusion, and the techniques of breaking down the narration, like the techniques of scene and description. Moreover, it attempts to show how the aesthetic formation is connected in the discourse of the time of the story with the time of the context (the outside time), in addition to the nature and meaning of this connection.

Le Génie de Guy de Maupassant dans le miroir de Gustave Flaubert

en
Authors: Siaf Al-Soudi
Keywords: Guy de Maupassant, Gustave Flaubert, Mirror, Friendship, Aesthetic, Realistic, Master, Disciple, Boule de Suif, Une Vie, La Parure, Literary Theories.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 151 - 158

Abstract

Despite the big difference in age between Gustave Flaubert and Guy de Maupassant, their friendly relationship remains a unique one in that it develops into a literary relationship that profoundly affects Maupassant’s writing. The first part of this study aims at tracing the evolution of the friendly relationship, a relationship that closely ties up a “master” to his “disciple”. The second part shows that the repetition of the same subjects used by Flaubert, the same situations, the same type of characters, the same ideas, even the same wording are abundant in Maupassant’s literary works Une Vie, Boule de suif and La Parure. The study insists also on showing the influence of the literary theories that Flaubert imposes on Maupassant and that make him a man of image and a master in the art of observation and description.

Al-Fudayl Bin 'Iyad: An Example on Shyness and Remorse

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Authors: Adeeb N. Thiab
Keywords: Sufism, Repentance, Regretting Sins.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 159 - 171

Abstract

The first section of this paper is an introduction on the apprehensions of the soul and the possibility of repentance in the sinful man. The second section is a brief biography of al-Fudayl Bin ‘Iyad and an account of his wanderings in different territories as well as the incident which led him without hesitation to true repentance. The third and the fourth sections deal with the central Sufi ideas: grief and diffidence (Al-Huzn Wa Al-Haya’). In the former we discuss grief which fills the repentant's conscious and how it finishes in compassion upon people as they are expected to suffer at the afterlife. The latter section consists of reflections on the principle of diffidence occurring in one's mind as he imagines himself questioned concerning his sins at the presence of God. The fifth section is a biographical sketch of al-Fudayl’s son, ‘Ali. It centers around cooperation with his father, his piety, his fear and his death.

The Debate between Idiom and Clarity of Vision in the Short Short Story

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Authors: Imtenan O. Smadi
Keywords: Short Story, Short Short Story, Jordanian Experiment in Short Short Stories.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 172 - 184

Abstract

This study aims at shedding light on the current situation and future horizons of the short short story, as well as its relationship with other literary genres and the debate concerning its length. The Jordanian experiment in this field, as represented by the work of the short story writer Saud Igbailaat, will be highlighted. This study is an attempt to produce a new image for the short short story at a time when there exist sharp differences in artistic quality, which, in the hands of some writers, becomes an oversimplified endeavor, reaching the point of mere sayings or proverbs. The most prominent example of this devaluation is the appearance of the short short story that is not exceeding a few words in length and with margin explanations and footnotes to compensate for the inadequate economy of words. This study will emphasize the reality of the debate concerning the short short story by a critical analysis of a group of short stories entitled "Mashi" by the Jordanian short story writer Saud Igbailaat. More precisely, this study will show that the real issue is in the creativity of the artist, and not in the literary genre itself. There is no such thing as a good literary genre or a bad one, but a good literary text or a bad one.

Abstract

The present research aimed to detect the levels of mental health and time orientation, and to find the correlation between the above variables, among a sample of students at the University of Jordan. The sample consisted of (118) undergraduate students (82 females and 36 males). The researcher employed "Goldberg's and Williams's Scale for Measurement of Mental Health", and "Alfatlawy's Scale" for Measurement of Time Orientation. The results showed a relationship between the levels of mental health and time orientation. In conclusion, the researcher recommended a periodical and regular evaluation and assessment of the university students’ time orientation and mental health, for the purpose of developing suitable education programs.