Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 34, Issue 2

Competency in First Language: Does It Affect the Quality of Second Language Writing

en
Authors: Hashem H. Noor
Keywords: Effect of L1 on L2, Competency in L1, L2 writing/composition. Saudi Learners of English, Arab EFL learners, Language Transfer. Error analysis, Translation versus direct writing
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 1 - 13

Abstract

 

Assimilation, Intensification and Tipping in Warsh’s Reading of Nafi: A Phonological, Analytical, Descriptive Study

en
Authors: Iman "M. A." Al-Kilany
Keywords: Assimilation, Intensification (accentuation), Tipping (tilting), Warsh’s Reading of Nafi
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 14 - 34

Abstract

The Koran descended and recited seven-fold by Mohammad from Gabrial, from His Almighty Lord. Thereupon vocal studies described them through a meticulous descriptive manner in any field of Arabic language levels as they were in their vocal studies of the science of Koranic recital. This article was the last of a series researched by the writer in the vocal phenomena in "Warsh's reading of "Nafi'". The writer has taken a phonologically descriptive approach, so as to deduce the general base regulating the partial bases governing the three phenomena of assimilation, intensification (accentuation) and tipping (or tilting) in Warsh's reading of Nafi'. The writer attempted to reveal vocal vowelism, and has based her study of this phenomenon on the books of the seven recitals on Warsh's edition of the Koran and on recordings by Sheikh Al-Husari of Warsh's recitals. The writer has made use of modern phonetic formulas in monitoring and explaining the phenomenon.

Terminology of Arabic Script

en
Authors: Adham M. Hanash
Keywords: Arabic script, Arabic calligraphty
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 35 - 49

Abstract

concepted by specific terms which express these different artistic styles of script and what is related to them, such as calligraphy and its varied styles, methods, equipments, manuscripts, functions, tools, calligraphers and all what is related to the art of Arabic script. These artistic terms, in the same way, compose the scientific and knowledge language of calligraphy.

The Impact of Ungrammatical Distractors on the Performance of EFL Learners in Grammar Multiple-Choice Tests

en
Authors: Ibrahim S. Al-Fallay
Keywords: Proficiency, Achievement, Multiple-choice grammar tests, Ungrammatical distractors
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 50 - 62

Abstract

This study aims at investigating the potential impact of the use of ungrammatical distractors on the performance of learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in multiple-choice grammar tests (M-C grammar tests). Two versions of an M-C grammar test, one with grammatical distractors and the other with ungrammatical distractors, were constructed. 590 students of EFL were assigned to an experimental group (those who took the M-C grammar test with ungrammatical distractors) and a control group (those who took the same M-C grammar test without ungrammatical distractors). The findings of this study indicate that the use of ungrammatical distractors has no impact on the performance of low-proficient subjects; whereas its use facilitates the performance of high-proficient subjects. It was also found that high achievers wisely utilized ungrammatical distractors which may reduce the number of options from which they had to choose and consequently increased their correct guessing. Low-achievers, on the contrary, did not effectively use the ungrammatical distractors. Another significant finding of this study is the great importance of utilizing a developmental design in language testing research. Suggestions and recommendations for future studies are also included.

Oriental Jews in the Literature of Hayyim Hazaz

en
Authors: Manaf N. Abdul-Ghani
Keywords: Hayyim Hazaz, Hebrew Literature, Oriental Jews
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 63 - 70

Abstract

The main purpose of the novelist is to defame their image for well – known goals such as: not to make them equal with the western jews who are well – educated and civilized. Otherwise he aimed to defame indirectly, the image of the Arab society, because the oriental jews have lived in it for a long time. Hazaz’s literary works contributed, actively, for the enlargement of the communal gap in the israeli society.

Features of Chivalry in Ta'abata Sharran's Poetry

en
Authors: Monthir T. Kafafi
Keywords: Chivalry, Ta’abata Sharran, Pre-Islamic Poetry
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 71 - 82

Abstract

This study consists of an introduction and four chapters. The introduction is devoted to the conception of chivalry linguistically and idiomatically, whereas the other four chapters point out the general chivalric heroism, chivalry through the woman, chivalry through the other and chivalry through the exotic.

The Jordanian Teenagers and the Arab Musical Satellite: A Study in the Framework of Usage and Gratification Approach

en
Authors: Tahseen Mansour
Keywords: Jordanian teenagers, Arab musical satellite, Video clips, Uses and gratifications approach.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 83 - 102

Abstract

There were no statistically significant differences in teenagers' perception of musical satellite effects on moral and behavioral values due to sex variable; whereas there are statistically significant differences in teenagers perception of musical satellite effects on moral and behavioral values due to academic specialization variable.

Arabization of Technical Terms between the Reality and Ambition

en
Authors: Ibrahim M. Hamdan
Keywords: Terms, Standardization, Globalization, Computing, Terms’ Net.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 103 - 119

Abstract

 

The Mutiny of Abdullah Bin Ali Bin Abdullah Bin Al- Abbas (136 A.H /754 A.D - 147 A.H / 764 A.D)

en
Authors: Faisal A. Bani Hamad
Keywords: Abdullah Bin Ali Bin Abdullah Bin Al-Abbas, The mutiny to capture the caliphate, Abbasid caliphate.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 120 - 131

Abstract

Senses Semiotics in Aljahiz’s Book “Alhayawaan” A Study in Theory and Application

en
Authors: Hassan M. Rababa'a
Keywords: Semiotics, Senses Semiotics, Aljahiz's Book "Alhayawaan".
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 132 - 150

Abstract

The most important result of this study in that Aljahiz used Albayan (Clarification) to mean semiotics, he means by this comprehension and understanding in any possible mean, either by using sign sound or hand signals,… etc. Aljahiz applied the five senses semiotics on animals in his book “Al- hayawaan”.

The Features of Linguistic Sounds in the Introduction of Jamharat Alloghah Dictionary in Terms of Traditional and Modern Approaches

en
Authors: Moneer T. Shatnawi
Keywords: Linguistic Sounds, Jamharat Alloghah, Ibn Durayd, Voice, Voiceless, Explosive and Fricative ,Emphatic.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 151 - 160

Abstract

He also clarifies Ibn-Durayd’s description of the obstruction of the air-stream with the closure, known as the vibration chamber in which the air stream is excluded. The value of Ibn-Durayd’s contribution, is that he discussed different terms which makes him outstanding among other linguists, who repeated what Saybawyh said without modification.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a rational - emotive counseling program in reducing tension and improving logical thinking among students. The sample of the study consisted of (446) female students distributed in 12 Tenth grade sections in 6 schools in Amman, two sections in each school were randomly selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Students responded to the instruments of the study: Rational and Irrational Thinking Scale; and Anxiety Inventory before and after applying the educational program. ANCOVA revealed significant differences between experimental and control groups in five out of six schools. Logical thinking has improved for the experimental groups, and level of tension reduced.

The Theory of Stylistics: Structural Approach towards Accounting for Textual Coherence and the Individuality of Expression

en
Authors: Abdullah N. Anbar
Keywords: Stylistics, Textual Coherence, Stylistic Modification, Individuality of Expression, Metaphoric Formation.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 173 - 194

Abstract

Stylistics represents the means to discover the most hidden, since it is an approach to the world of the unknown to uncover variation through ambiguity. The present research is based on the idea that stylistics means seeking the additional meaning, which turns language into an aesthetic puzzle, adopting a subtle approach in forming linguistic deviation, reaching to a special place guided by an individuality-based balance. It shows the highest levels of stylistic organization, seeking the individuality of expression, going beyond simply conveying the message towards aesthetic formation. It is also an exploration of rhetoric in order to achieve the aesthetic perfection, following a path towards subtlety. Stylistics represents a tool to explore the subtleties of language. The research shows that the organic unity achieves its end through a plan of self control since it is based on an organic pattern, governing the elements of the language matrix, reforming it towards betterment. It also includes the metaphorical formation that moves the meaning of linguistic utterances away from the superficial level towards a much deeper and subtle level. The present research is divided into the following five parts: 1- Stylistic modification between choice and distribution. 2- Textual coherence and aspects of organic unity. 3- Rhetoric and aspects of stylistic variation. 4- Poetic language and individuality of expression. 5- Metaphoric formation (stylistic study).

The Socio-Anthropological Value of Oraland Intangible Expressions of the Bedu in Southern Jordan

en
Authors: AbdelHakim K. Al-Husban
Keywords: South of Jordan, Bedouin Society, Legacy.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 195 - 214

Abstract

Oral and intangible expressions of the Bedu in southern Jordan represent a very valuable legacy for humanity, that has been developed through a very sophisticated process of adaptation and interaction between man and nature. By oral and intangible expressions I mean all forms of non written expressions such as story telling, songs, poetry, dances, games...etc. Oral and intangible expressions of the Bedu are reflecting the particular form of cultural responses that the Bedu have developed while they were adapting to the natural environment. As such, it is extremely important to study and analyze the Bedouin oral and intangible expressions. This article is trying to analyze the historical, social, anthropological and economical value of the oral and intangible expressions of the Bedouin society in southern Jordan. One of the basic assumptions is that these expressions have a double value; universalistic and particularistic. By universalistic, I refer to the value that these expressions represent for the whole humanity. In return, by the particularistic value of these expressions I refer to the local and particular elements of this heritage which is valuable for the Jordan and the region.

The Effect of Deep Breathing and Progressive Muscles Relaxation in Reducing Hypertension as a Fanction of Age

en
Authors: Firas A. Al-Habees , Arwa M. Aamiry , Iyas Al-Musa
Keywords: Hypertension, Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure, Relaxation, Progressive muscle relaxation, Deep breathing.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 215 - 224

Abstract

The study aimed at investigating the effects of relaxation in reducing blood pressure as a function of age. 40 high –blood- pressure patients of varying ages were randomly assigned to two groups. Patients in the experimental group were trained on deep breathing and muscle relaxation once a week for four consecutive weeks, and were asked to practice relaxation twice daily, and to tally their weekly practices. After one month, they were asked to stop practicing relaxation and their blood pressure was measured after another month. The control group was seen three times; each time, after resting for 5 minutes, the blood pressure was measured. Results revealed that relaxation reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure. After ceasing to practice, the blood pressure of the experimental group was not significantly different from the control’s. Results of partial correlations suggested that the decrease in systolic blood pressure was equal for all patients regardless of their age, while the decrease in diastolic blood pressure was much more in the younger patients. There was a significant positive partial correlation between practice of relaxation on systolic blood pressure but not on diastolic blood pressure.

Writing Errors Analysis Related to Dictation Level for Learners of Non-Arabic Native Speakers

en
Authors: Mohammad Abu Al-Rub
Keywords: Applied Linguistics, Error Analysis, Integrated Direction at Error Analysis, Contrastive Direction, Learners of Non Arabic Native Speakers, Writing Error Analysis Related to Dictation Level.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 225 - 238

Abstract

This study deals with the analysis of written errors at dictation level for learners of Arabic language of non- native speakers at Al Al-Bayt University. I selected a random sample for the 4th level of learners and another one from learners who passed the linguistic competence test and joined the academic department at the same university. This study tries to investigate the error analysis in applied linguistics, so I have dealt with the integrated direction to analyze the linguistic errors. The study depends upon three levels: definition, description and interpretation of the error. The study consists of three sections: Firstly, I explained the aim, questions, society and procedures. In the second section, I confirmed the outcomes that were distributed according to questions, while the final section was dedicated for dictation errors and interpretation, which occurred with the learners and their linguistic interpretations. I was very keen to evaluate these errors by stating the way to correct them. The outcome of the study explained that the majority of learners’ errors, who passed the exam of linguistics efficiency were performance errors. While errors of the fourth level were just errors of competence as well as performance. The study emphasized that dictation rules in Arabic language had been based on syntax and morphological analysis in addition to phonetic effect. So the study has concluded that the absence of this analysis will lead to dictation errors.