Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 34, Issue 3

La représentation de l'Autre dans les récits de voyage en Egypte au XIXème siècle

en
Authors: Mohamed A. Al-Hasanat
Keywords: the literature of the trips, representation of others, Egypt, French Travellers, the 19th century
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 1 - 13

Abstract

The trip to the East strongly states the issue if difference since its first objective is to know the other. But, How? In which circumstances does it achieve openness with the other? This study attempts to answer this question through its concern with representing the other- the Egyptian- in the literature of the trips to Egypt by the French travellers in the 19th century. The trip books which have been chosen represent various convictions of the French travellers towards the other, and they provide us with obvious and founded testimonies that help us to observe the development of the image of the other from their perspective.

Polysemy in Arabic

en
Authors: Hanan I. Amaireh
Keywords: Polysemy, Theory and Application
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 14 - 27

Abstract

This study addressed the concept of polysemy and the factors which form this linguistic phenomenon. The study also presented a theoretical side concerning some polysemy in Arabic which were followed lexically so that this phenomena becomes more clear.

Forms of Verbal-Units Functioning as Agents in the Holy Quran

en
Authors: Rabeh bu-Ma’zeh
Keywords: Syntactic Structure, Linguistic Studies
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 28 - 45

Abstract

In this study, examples taken from the Holy Koran show that such clauses, introduced by a relative pronoun- in the past is considered as a pronoun that had grammatical function, but the researcher consider relative pronoun with his tie fulfills the function of a subject which may come in the past, in the present or conditional. From the simplicity and the complexity, from its coming negative or affirmative, and from its coming generative or transformative by returning to its deep structure.

The Socio Impact of the Jordanian Woman Labor Migration to the Arab-Oil Countries

en
Authors: Hussein F. Ramzoun
Keywords: Jordan, Labor migration, Working woman, Social change, Family, Investment
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 46 - 56

Abstract

The results also indicated that about 71% of the sample signed independent contracts (not as a part of their family) and also 71% with no conditions to accompany parents or relatives, which means that these women started to play a leading role in their families. This means a major change in social values and traditions normally attached to woman when they travel abroad. This was clear in the wise patterns of money spending and investment as well as helping parents and family, far from personal items.

The Role of Al-Saddah in the Jordanian Armed Forces Music

en
Authors: Talia K. Al-Nimri
Keywords: Al-Saddah, Forces Musical Bands, Jordanian Armed Forces
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 57 - 68

Abstract

Also, this study aimed at clarifying the job of the Military Music, as one of its elements. In order to achieve this, the present researcher resorted to the method of field survey, personal interviews and musical documentation for the tunes, the style and the occasions of performance and analysis accompanied with the professional role of the specific instrument of these tones, which is Bugle then scheduling these tunes according to its naming, numbers of players and the occasions, which are closely related to these instrument.

Grammatical Cohesion Rules in Abd-Alquaher Al-Jorjany's Work in the Lights of Text Grammar

en
Authors: Ibrahim Khalil
Keywords: Anaphore, Coherence, Cohesion, Conjunction, Collocation, disjunction, Reference, Context, contrast, Recurrence
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 69 - 82

Abstract

These rules are echoed in some books by Ruqaia Hassan, Halliday, Van Dijk and other text linguists. This study is hoped to shed light on earlier contribution mode by a leading the history figure in Arabic Linguistics.

An Analysis of the Political Economy on Introducing the Sales Tax in Jordan.

en
Authors: Ibrahim Saif
Keywords: Sales Tax, Adjustment Program, Political Economy, Social Contract.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 83 - 95

Abstract

The impact analysis reveals that the GST is more or less evenly distributed. However there are few sectors that enjoy some preferential treatment, which reflects the power game and how few stakeholders managed to delay the imposition of taxes on a number of activities.

Silence and Its Discontents in Literature

en
Authors: Sabbar S. Sultan
Keywords: Silence, absurdist writers, Literature.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 96 - 112

Abstract

The following article is an attempt to view and shed some light on the significance of silence in literature as a complimentary factor that is no less powerful than speech or writing in representing the points in question. The main postulate of the whole paper is the writer’s keen awareness of how the language fails as a means of expression and the strenuous efforts to seek an alternative. The approach used is thematic in that it traces this topic and its manifestations in the theorizings and practices of different writers from different ages, countries, cultures and artistic orientations(T.S. Eliot, John Keats, Matthew Arnold, Gutave Flaubert, Henry James, William Faulkner, Franz Kafka and William Shakespeare. It comprises two sections: Section One provides a general view of the linguistic discourse, particularly the inherent inadequacies of the linguistic medium. T.S. Eliot’s experiments and investigations of the “word” are relevant. Also the section presents examples from romantic and Victorian poets, some modernistic fiction and Shakespearean drama. In all these the duality of language and silence pretty central. Section Two focuses its attention on the examples of three absurdist writers: Ionesco, Beckett and Pinter and their skilful use of silence. The examples of this section take into consideration the chronological order of their appearance.

The Formation of the Government In The Emirate of Trans Jordan The Formative Period 1921-1929

en
Authors: Hanan S. Malkawi
Keywords: Government's Formation, The Emirate of Trans Jordan, The Formative Period.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 113 - 136

Abstract

This study depends upon several sources and documents which were not published, as those existent in the archives of Prime Ministry or in some of the British documents. Besides, in many of the contemporary newspapers written during the period concerned, and in modern studies which cover the same era that the study deals with.

The Employment of Pygmalion Myth in Arabic Poetry

en
Authors: Hani Nasrallah
Keywords: Pygmalion myth, modern Arabic poetry, Ali Mahmoud Taha, Mani’ Sa’id al-‘Utaiba.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 137 - 151

Abstract

While previous poets chose to make use of certain motives of the myth namely the kiss and the statue ignoring its details, our two poets ‘Ali and ‘Utaiba, made use of the myth’s structure and the tale making some changes into the myth’s details. Finally, we find all poets, old and modern, tried to hide the myth as source of their writings.

The Integration in Music Education Forms in Order to Obtain Good Qualities Resulted from This Integration

en
Authors: Ali Shurman
Keywords: Integration, Music, Education, Jordan.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 152 - 163

Abstract

The Role of Jordanian T.V in Forming University Youth Attitudes Towards Terrorism Issue

en
Authors: Tahsin Mansour
Keywords: The Jordanian T.V. Youth Attitudes, terrorism.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 164 - 182

Abstract

- Emotional influences come in the first place due to terrorism information exposure. While knowledge and behavioral influences come in the second and third place, respectively.

La Presse Ecrite: Pour Un Enseignement Communicatif- Culturel Du F.L.E

en
Authors: Nahed Emaish
Keywords: Written French Press, Communicational Approach, French as a Foreign Language, Cultural Skills.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 183 - 189

Abstract

The main objectives of this research are: (1) to highlight the importance of utilizing the written French press in the classes that teach French as a foreign language, and (2) to demonstrate its usefulness in equipping students with the cultural skills that are necessary to learn French as a foreign language. In order to achieve the above objectives, the research examines the relationship between communication and culture, then it studies teaching culture in the framework of the communicational approach and the role that the written press can have in this operation. The research clarifies that the use of the communicational approach has positively changed the view towards the press as an important tool in teaching French as a foreign language; for it helps students develop the cultural skills that they need in order to learn this language and to be able to effectively communicate by using it. At the same time, this paper shows how to use the press to develop the students’ critical thinking; and to teach them that they should not take the information that they are exposed to for granted.

AL-Tajreed Style and Its Indications in the Poetry of Kuthyyir Azzah

en
Authors: Fayez A. Al-Quraan
Keywords: Al-Tajreed Style, Umawian Poetry, Kuthyyir Azzah.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 190 - 216

Abstract

This study looks into the Tajreed style in Kuthyyir’s Azzah poetry with the aim of exploring the nature of the expressional style of the Tajreed phenomenon and its connotational role. The phenomenon has been tackled at two different levels; namely the superficial and the deep levels. The superficial level is manifested in the structural text which is clear in the opening of Kuthyyir’s Azzah works by Tajreed. As fare as the deep level, it is clear in many areas such as: woman and nostalgia. These areas are expressed in different forms according to the consciousness and love experiences.

Al-Thubab in Pre-Islamic (jahili) Poetry A Living Image

en
Authors: Leila T. Al-Umari
Keywords: Al-Thubab, Its soUnd, Singing, Motion, Joviality, Activity, Weakness.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 217 - 251

Abstract

The study addresses the definition of Al-Thubab in the language, a definition that elucidates its meaning and type according to the linguists as a black flying insect which is present in houses, and which falls in dishes and food. Al-Thubban type is distinct from other types with which it is associated such as bees, wasps and other types of zanabir and butterflies. As an elaboration of the definition the study deals with the differences among linguists and literary scholars relating to its singular and plural form- a difference that is rooted in their reference to the principles of grammar, or to practical manifestations relating to its behavior in life. To sum up their position “thubab ar” is singular, and its plural form denoting a few flies is “athibba” and denoting numerous flies “thibban”. The researcher in her study of Al-Thubab in pre-Islamic poetry sheds light on the Arabs’ perception of its sound. They derived their description of it from the image in their minds of the sound of a drunken person, where wine had affected his behavior and appearance; based on this image they derived many sounds for the Thubab. It became evident to the researcher through the study that the Thubab multiplies and produces sounds expressing happiness due to the beauty of the location, and its sense of the warmth of the climate, which are two basic factors that propel Al-Thubab to sing in its flying in a chanting and warbling manner, and to express its happiness and joviality- in that state- through its varied flying movements. Nevertheless, an abundance of Thubab may be a source of irritation to some animals due to their boisterousness, and also due to their intense sting of those animals, which may force them to expel them, or to kill them in a manner manifesting the weakness and lack of ability of the fly.

Variables Affecting Women's Moral Crimes in Jordanian Society A Field Study

en
Authors: Anwar Hayajneh , Baria’h Naqshabandi
Keywords: Economical and Social Variables, Women’s Moral Crimes, The Jordanian Society.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 252 - 270

Abstract

This study focused on the personal and social characteristics of female prisoners who committed moral crimes. In addition to investigation of their self-esteem and the circumstances related to their crimes, a comprehensive social field survey was used in this study. The sample consisted of 90 female prisoners in Jwaydah detention center in Amman. Data was mainly collected by interview, and by written response in order to achieve the objectives of the study. Information was handled through descriptive methods, and through analysis by (SPSS) program with test (F) in order to test the assumptions of the study. The most notable results of the study are: 1. Personal Characteristics: Most of the sample cases ranged in age between (18-25) years. The majority were unmarried, illiterate and un-employed. For those employed, monthly income averaged less than (100 JD), most of them worked in free jobs. Most were living in cities, and indicated feelings of sadness and depression. Many felt they committed moral crimes in order to escape to a “better life.” 2. Family Characteristics: Most of the sample came from large families consisting of 12-18 persons, with a low level of income and education for parents and/or husbands. Some of them were involved with drugs, alcohol, gambling and pornographic movies. There was a high percentage of domestic violence in these families, especially assault, and many family members had criminal records. 3. Types of Crimes: Of the crimes reported, the highest rate was for adultery, and next for prostitution. The most often reported reason for committing a crime was to revenge parents/husbands. Friends often encouraged them to commit these crimes. Most women reported watching pornographic videos, which encouraged their behavior, and the majority felt remorse for having committed their crimes.

The Fear in (Al- Furazdaq Poetry)

en
Authors: Amal T. Nseer
Keywords: Arabic poetry, Umayyad poetry, Culture of fear, Al-Furazdaq.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 271 - 290

Abstract

In this research, I attempt to discuss the fear’ in the poetry of the Ummayad poet al-Furazdaq poetry. In the introduction.The paper consists of four section; the first focuses on the poet’s political fear, the second focuses on the poet’s fear of time, the third focuses on fear of the poet and what the poet says and the fourth describes the various techniques used by al-Furazdaq to resist fear. Al-Furazdaq clearly lived in a state of fear in the various stages of his life. His political fear was caused by the political strategies of the time such as the marginalisation of the other and restrictions on freedom of speech. In his poetry, Al-Furazdaq resists the fear of politics through employing culture. He used strategies of imposing the self and magnifying it in addition to threatening the other through marginalisation. The poet’s fear of time was represented mainly with aging and death. Al-Furazdaq seemed more occupied with politics than matters of death and perhaps that is because he was more concerned with tribal matters rather than religion.

A further Reading of Abu-Nuwase's Poem that begins with "Blazed Youth as Lamps of Darkness are Proud, Strong and Brave

en
Authors: Mohammad K. Al-Khalayleh
Keywords: Abbasian Poetry, Abu Nuwas, Critical Study.
Publication year: 2007
Pages: 291 - 301

Abstract

This study tries to handle the literary text in a way that acknowledges its existence and its ability to be read. The literary text owns lingual styles that keep it constantly alive, and these styles released the text from having a direct meaning to come with first and second and third meanings. The aim of this study is to acquaint the teader with the non-reporting meanings, and to attain and comprehend what lies behind the text. Abu Nuwas is considered one of the distinguished poets who subdued and facilitated the language; and this incited the researcher to choose his poem which begins with: Blazed youth as lamps of darkness Are proud, strong and brave Wafetyatan kamasabeih al-duja ghurar Shum al-unoof men al-seid al-masaleet and to handle that poem under the title : Further Reading.