Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 35, Issue 2

The Politics of Gender, Class, and Race in Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea

en
Authors: Rula B. Qawas
Keywords: Politics of Race, Gender, and Class; Colonialism, alienation, Othering; Proper Subject; Decolonization
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 1 - 15

Abstract

The issues of gender, class, and race informed modern social as well as literary discourse and along with two world wars provide a backdrop and a context for Rhys&rsquo;s fictive narratives. In writing <em>Wide Sargasso Sea

Absolute Rule in the Umayyad State in Al-Andalus After the Death of Al-Hakam Al- Mustansir

en
Authors: Yusuf A. Bani Yassin
Keywords: Absolutism, Ibn Abi Amir, Al-Mus-hafi, Ghalib Al-Nasiri, Hisham Al-Muayyad
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 16 - 31

Abstract

How did Ibn Abi Amir- after a fierce struggle-succeeded in enforcing absolutism in the State at the expense of other competing schemes?

Abstract

Finally, the researchers suggested a number of recommendations based on the study results, the most important of which are: JAFPP should expand its health services so that it become more comprehensive and more inclusive of men, it should concentrate as well on consciousness raising and awareness raising services.

Bi-national State in Palestine 1947-1926

en
Authors: Abdullah A. Al-Qatshan
Keywords: Bi-National State, Palestine, Zionism
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 58 - 70

Abstract

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Abstract

The study has also identified a number of barriers that require multisectoral responses to remove them. Among these barriers are: high level of contraceptive discontinuation, low postnatal care, short duration of exclusive breastfeeding and early susceptibility to pregnancy, high maternal morbidity, late detection of breast cancer, anemia among pregnant women, low involvement of men and religious leaders, lost opportunities, misuse of maternity leave, son preference, preference for female providers, exclusion of unmarried adults and menopausal, high service cost, quality of services, low clients' satisfaction, providers bias, distribution and forecasting of contraceptive methods, reliance on donors, and weak coordination among stakeholders.<em>

Awareness of the Woman Working at Governmental Ministries of Her Rights Under the Civil Service System

en
Authors: Amal M. Al-Kharoof , Suha S. Al-Shami
Keywords: Working Woman, The Civil Service System, Governmental Ministries.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 92 - 121

Abstract

The researcher made recommendations in which she emphasized the role of governmental ministries in underscoring the principle of equality between male and female employees in respect of training courses and scholarships, and also, that an increased educational level has an effect insofar as increasing legal knowledge. Officials at governmental ministries should emphasize holding awareness creation courses on the provisions of the Civil Service Regulation, side by side with women organizations with a view to strengthening legal knowledge through the holding of courses and lectures to create awareness of the law, especially among women government employees. <strong>

ِThe Structural Theory and Reading the Literary Text

en
Authors: Abdullah Anbar
Keywords: The Structural Theory, Reading the Literary Text.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 122 - 142

Abstract

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Aspects of Social Status Change for Professions from 1994 to 2005

en
Authors: Farouq A. Al-Halalsheh
Keywords: Aspects, Social Status, Professions, Jordanian Society.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 143 - 160

Abstract

The study finds out that estimating the social status after ordering one hundred professions, some of which are 62 year old profession to be compared with those in previous studies while the others are new professions to meet changes in the local case is still linked to various and interrelated factors having to do excessively with higher education, which Provides higher income and authority. Moreover, the study reveals a negative relationship becoming more obvious on social status between profession, unemployment, and education level of these professions. The study concludes also that there are clear differences between social statuses of professions on the educational level of certain specializations with income and authority. The paper finds out, in addition, that there is a positive relationship between the general orientations towards professional social status and low wages, on one hand, and educational level and authority on the other. Finally, the study could identify the change in social status of some of these professions in the Jordanian societies compared with other social status which were the subjects of similar studies. It has become clear that the higher the social status of profusion, the higher is the unemployment in this profession.

Adherence to the Code of Ethics in the Profession of Interpreting

en
Authors: Saleh M. Al-Salman
Keywords: Adherence, Code of Ethics, Interpreting, Confidentiality, Accuracy, Accountability, Competence, Objectivity/ Impartiality, Reliability, Accreditiation
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 161 - 175

Abstract

A code of professional ethics defines and lays the principles of professional practice. In the profession of interpreting these principles include- among other things-confidentiality, integrity, and professionalism, which all members of the profession shall bound to observe, exercise, and respect. Since interpreting services have taken a giant leap, signaling an unprecedented demand due to the intricate nature of international relations, global business, and world events, it is of paramount importance for interpreters to maintain the highest professional standards in compliance with their code of ethics. This paper puts in a nutshell the findings of an empirical study which targeted 20 interpreters as to the degree of their commitment and adherence to the professional code of ethics. The results lend support to the research hypotheses stipulating that interpreters fall short of demonstrating full compliance with the prescribed code of ethics. Consequently, the situation calls for: (a) making interpreters well aware of the professional code of ethics, and (b) strictly enforcing and adhering to all such rules of professional practice.

Treatments of Grammatical Error in French as a Foreign Language

en
Authors: Mohammad Y. Al-Khateeb
Keywords: Error, grammar, French, linguistics, pedagogy, didactic, relative pronouns, pre-requesting, exercises, teacher, learner.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 176 - 184

Abstract

Every teacher of foreign language faces up some pedagogical and linguistics problems. Based on the common errors of learners would be a good method as much as lesson is focused on learner who uses his errors as support for his way of thinking. The confusion between "dont" and "que" is a practical example to show the manner of treating grammatical error in a class of foreign language.The teacher must begin with a linguistic analysis of difficulty by being based on the errors of learners to be able to identify the origin of the problem. Then he must make a didactic analysis to identify the pre-requesting of learners that will allow him to determine the progress of lesson.The purpose of progress in the exercises is to help the learners to be aware of the origin of the problem, and to allow them to solve the problem by them self throughout the proposed exercises. The difficulty in this type of lesson is the fabrication of the exercises according to the faced problem and according to the learners.

Trends of the Jordanian Daily Newspapers towards the Israeli Aggression in 2006

en
Authors: Hatem S. Alawneh
Keywords: Trends, Jordanian Daily Newspapers, Israeli Aggression, Lebanon.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 185 - 202

Abstract

This study aims to explore the trends of the Jordanian daily newspapers towards the Israeli aggression on Lebanon in July 2006. Analyzing the editorials of both Al-Rai and AL-Dustoor, the study has reached the following conclusions: - The Israeli aggression is the dominating topic of all editorials of both papers. In other words, 92.6% of the editorials were devoted to the Israeli aggression. - Both papers presented 22 trends of the aggression. The Jordanian efforts to stop the aggression, the responsibility of the United Nations, the Arabic role, and the European role were at the top of these trends. - The European role during the aggression was supported by 18.5%, while the American role and the new Middle East trend had no support what so ever. - One hundred percent of Al-Rai editorials supported the Lebanese initiative, while only 60% of Al-Dustoor editorials supported it.

Argumentation of Contemporary and Legacy in Physical Education Sciences: Equestrian As A model

en
Authors: Abdelbaset M. Abdelhafiz , Omar A. Al-Fajawi
Keywords: , Horseback, Legacy, Contemporary, Ancient People, Contemporary People.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 203 - 214

Abstract

When a person hears of the achievements, championships, and victories which remarkable skilled riders where able to accomplish during ancient times lacking any sophisticated war tools beside primitive swords and spears on the back of their horses, feelings of owe and amazement will overcome him. A person can not help but to contemplate, how possible for such individuals to fight, compete, and finally win victory? Were they subject to a vigorous training to reach that expert level? It is difficult to make the assumption that these mounted soldiers and riders were born with such talent as natural champions and they were capable to achieve all these amazing deeds. In this paper, we aim to unveil the mystery of equestrian or horsemanship as it was described in ancient times. Equestrian has become a science in modern times that is taught and many books were composed about it. Moreover, equestrian became amendatory course in the program of study of various physical education colleges in the world. Another point to raise concerning the artistic and theoretical aspects of equestrian? Did scholars overlook discussing this field on both accounts as a science and art? Or did it receive the proper scholarly attention as it should have. Many researchers these days claim that equestrian is a modern science which consists merely of the fundamental skills of riding. In this paper, the researchers aim to examine these misconceptions about the nature of equestrian providing evidence to support their perspective.

Critical Reading in Habieb Al-Zuodi Poetic Experience

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Authors: Qasim M. Al-Duroo' , Mohammad Al-Qudah
Keywords: Poetic Experience, Habieb Al-Zuodi, Cultural Background.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 215 - 239

Abstract

This research dealt with the poet, Habieb Al-Zuodi, life and his poetic experience as one of the young poets who formed some features of the Jordanian literary and cultural scene. This study included an introduction, three chapters and a conclusion. In the first chapter, the study is concerned with the poet's life, his birth and raising up, his cultural sources his poetic style, his literary works and his critical trends. This chapter also dealt with Al-Zuodi’s poetry and its criticism through other writers' positive and negative writings. The second chapter was devoted to talking about the most important elements poetic vision: homeland, national Dimension, the woman and the poet ,the place and its indication. The third chapter includes an artistic study that dealt with his poetic lexicon. This chapter also highlights the context in all its various types: religious, literary, historical, legendry in imagery. Further, This chapter dealt with repetition, displacement and national patterns in addition to highlighting the modern technique applications in poetry influenced by other arts such as montage, drama and optical formation. This research concluded that the poet has a clear vision towards the homeland, nation and the woman issues. The study also revealed the poet's stylistic technical performance, as a modern and creative poet having his poetical tools and affecting and being affected by other poets.