Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 35, Issue 3

The Discourse of Sex at the Arabian Nights Book

en
Authors: Hani Al-Amad
Keywords: Arabian Nights, Sex, Scheherazade, Shahriyar.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 1 - 16

Abstract

  

Al-Shurat Picture in the Kharijite Poetry

en
Authors: Ahmad Flayyeh , Azmi Al-Salehi
Keywords: Al-Shurat, Al-Khawarij
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 17 - 26

Abstract

Consequently, not all of the Khawarij are Shurat. This distinction helps in understanding the poetry of the Khawarij according to this new fact and by so it highlights a distinctive dialogical and political activities in the political and ideological history of Islam.

Abstract

This poem comes in a context of thoughtful civilization where the interference between poetry and politics seems in evitable in the light of the progress and complexity that accompanied the enlargement of the Islamic state and the reign of the Omayyads. The omayyads were considered userbers for the caliphate in the eyes of most Muslims, and that paved the way for belligerent political parties to come up like the party of the Zubairis. The tribe of queis was of Zubeiriwhims. The tribe of Nomayr – the family of the poet – was a sub family for the poet. They were engaged in afierse war against the Ommayyads which ended with their defeat and the death of Abdullah Ibn Al-Zubair. That made our poet carry the consequences of the event as a mater of the tribe of Nomayr. He shouldered a great responsibility through which he sought amiability of the Omayyads. This poem disclosed on innovative thinking that involves a higher level of interference between politics and poetry.

The Consistency of the Functional Generating in Metaphor

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Authors: Raed F. Tafesh
Keywords: Linguistic, Functional Generating, Function, and Metaphor.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 40 - 50

Abstract

This being the case, one word can be used in many different metaphorical contexts in one metaphorical relation. But the resulting metaphorical generating is different according to the different functional principles in realizing every one of these.

Abstract

It found that it dealt with the indications that the kinds produce through the attempt of the mixing between the indications of the abroad (the agreement culture) and the indications of the contexts and through the creation of internal indications related to some of the colours.and from these indications: the indication of the citizen, the belonging, the pride, the joy, the hope, they were entangled, the optimism, the life, and the grant.

Study in Al-Sabban’s Commentary and Explanation

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Authors: Ziad M. Abu-Samor , Yahya Ababneh
Keywords: Al-Sabban, linguistic thoughts, Al-Ashmoni
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 74 - 88

Abstract

The study aims at investigating some aspects of Al Sabban linguistic thoughts by going through his commentary on Al Ashmoni's explanation on Alfiyyat Ibn Malik. The study sheds some light on his methodology in the commentary, his method of explanation and his attitude toward some linguists by tackling their opinions and tracing them back in order to bring out his scientific character on one side and the value of the commentary on the other

Job Satisfaction of Female Employees at Arab Pharmaceutical Company in Salt City

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Authors: Mohammad El-Daks
Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Areas of Satisfaction, Female Employees, Pharmaceutical Industry
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 89 - 105

Abstract

The study provided many recommendations to increase the level of satisfaction among female employees in the areas that obtained a medium mean score. The study also urged for conducting more research in the area of job satisfaction in different productive institutions to meet the goals of such institutions and its employees.

The Aspects of Education in the Emirate of Trans-Jordan with Regard to the Report of the Administration of Education in 1934

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Authors: Mohammad S. Al-Tarawneh
Keywords: Public Education, Emirate of Trans-Jordan, Administration of Education
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 106 - 128

Abstract

Comparing the educational circumstances at the dawn of the Emirate in 1921 with those appeared after a decade and a half from the existence of the Emirate, we see the progress as well as the distribution of these educational services all over the Emirate. This courageous step laid the foundation to the educational reconnaissance which we witness today through out Jordan

The Coherent Functions to Repetition Language Form in the Poems of Su’ad Al-Sobah Called: "A Woman without Shores"

en
Authors: Abdel Muhdi H. Al-Jarrah
Keywords: Functions, Coherent, Language Form, Repetition, "A Woman without Shores"
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 129 - 140

Abstract

The paper concludes that the language form of Repetition contribute in forming the text relationship. It’s necessary for text coherence because it has certain function such as great and small structure of the text, high relation, and predication connections as well as the effect of emotional idea in the poem

Cairene Arabic Word Stress: A Constraint-Based Analysis

en
Authors: Rasheed Al-Jarrah
Keywords: Cairene Arabic, Arabic word stress, Optimality Theory, Constraint ranking.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 141 - 154

Abstract

This paper is an account of Cairene Arabic word-stress patterns in a constraint-based framework (Prince and Smolensky 1993, McCarthy and Prince 1993a, b). In order to do just that, we demonstrate two things: (1) the set of constraints whose violations yield sub-optimal forms, and (2) the relative ranking of these constraints. It is shown that the constraints whose violation may yield incorrect stress patterns in Cairene Arabic are Lx=Pr, PARSE-, MAIN-RIGHT, ALL-FEET-LEFT, TROCHAIC, NONFINAL, and FOOT BINARITYm. We also show that, for Cairene Arabic word-stress placement purposes, the relative ranking of these universal and violable constraints is as follows: TROCHAIC, MAIN-RIGHT, Lx=Pr, PARSEsmmm >> NONFINAL >> PARSEsmm >> FOOT-BINARITYm>> ALL-FEET-LEFT >> ALL-FEET-RIGHT. Adopting claims made in Al-Jarrah (2002), the present study departs from other analyses of Arabic word stress in at least two things. First, it is argued that NONFINAL is an effect of parsibility, not “a substantive stress-specific constraint” (See Prince and Smolensky 1993: 42; Crowhurst 1996: 415; Hyde 2003: 2). And second, the discussion provides evidence that some constraints can be relativized, namely relativizing PARSE- to syllable weight.

Pronoun Antecedents in Surat Al-KAHF from Textual Functional Perspective

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Authors: Abdelmahdi Aljarah , Ibrahim Alkofahi , Muhammad Alqdah
Keywords: Antecedent, Pronoun, Surat AL-KAHF, Communication, Text, Function
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 155 - 163

Abstract

This research aims at studying pronoun antecedents in surat AL-KAHF from a textual functional perspective in order to highlight its effect in forming the cohesive and communicative ties of koranic text. This research began with discussing the linguistic notion of antecedent and its significance. An analysis of textual function of pronoun in surat AL-KAHF is then provided. Findings are that referential pronouns contribute in establishing consistent and specific textual function that enhance the communicative value of Koranic text leading the Korainc discourse to its intended goals.

The blogosphere: Emergence of a New Medium or New Collective Illusions?

en
Authors: Al-Saddek Rabih
Keywords: Blog, Blogosphere, Collective Representations, Citizen Journalism, Freedom of Expression.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 164 - 185

Abstract

This working paper focuses on the news-based blogs, e.g. the blogs adopting an approach similar to that of the traditional media. The blogosphere is deemed to be, as expressed in many discourses, a redeeming outlet for the hegemony of the traditional media. The former often tends to ignore the citizen's really needed contents. Furthermore, it often misleads the citizens through the practicing of disinformation. Drawing upon what precedes this paper investigates, through an archeological/epistemological endeavor, the concept of blogging, the different perspectives of a variety of actors, and its implications on the social and political spheres. The main question is how this freedom of expression, which is an integral part of the collective representation, will rely on collective criteria that contradict it to reinforce the individual freedom. We will be concentrating on the issue that these collective representations shouldn't be viewed (considered) as an external risk threatening the collective democratic space, but rather as internal strains caused by space its self, wherein a lot of democracy representations are competing.

The Functions of Word Form

en
Authors: Assim S. Ali
Keywords: The Functions of Word, Morphological Measurement, Syntactical Context.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 186 - 195

Abstract

This paper deals with the functions of word Form by specifying the differences between the form of word, its structure, and morphological measurement. The researcher found that the form of word has meaning through expand of voice, or additional of letters for it, or one form for synonymous. The variety of meaning for one form appears in substantive, or in the form of (istfala), or through broken plural, or by causative. Then the researcher searched in the variety of form for one meaning by sharing two forms or more in one meaning. The morphological form is considered as syntactical context. The form of word in phrase was chosen in as: form of nomen vices, nomen agent, verbal noun, and intensiveness form. The paper ended by clarifying the differences in Qiraat and its effect on semantics, which refers to Arab dialect, and meaning.

Internet Anxiety and Its Relationship with Some Demographic Variables among Amman Private University

en
Authors: Amjad Abu-Jadi , Mohammad Bani Younes
Keywords: Internet Anxiety, Demographic Variables.
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 196 - 207

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to discover internet anxiety, and to find differences in internet anxiety according to gender and collage among sample from Amman private university, which accounted (2090) male and female student whom enrolled in introduction to psychology courses in the academic year, to achieve the study goal and to answer the study questions, internet anxiety scale was developed which had appropriated validity and risibility index. The result of the research showed that there are no significant differences in internet anxiety according to the gender, and there are significant differences internet anxiety according to collage, also there is an interaction in the effect of internet anxiety in student life according to gender and college, the researcher suggested many recommendations such as the importance to train the student to deal with internet anxiety.

Mecca and Al-Madina in Modern Saudi Poetry (1343/1426-1924/2005)

en
Authors: Zuhair B. Al-Omari , Mohammad A. Al-Qudah
Keywords: Mecca and Al-Madina, Saudi Poetry, Holy Place
Publication year: 2008
Pages: 208 - 233

Abstract

Mecca and Al-Madina were regarded as the most holy places on earth, and the first mosque was in Mecca. Al-Madina was the place where Prophet Mohammad immigrated when he left Mecca. Due to this holy and historical place of Mecca and Al-Madina, these two places have obtained the interest of different poets and researchers and among them were Saudi poets who wrote wonderful poems describing them and talking about their importance and beauty.