Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 36, Issue 1

In Search of James II: Bajazet’s Figurative Presence in Nicholas Rowe’s Tamerlan

en
Authors: Samia AL-Shayban
Keywords: Bajazet’s, Nicholas Rowe, Louis XIV
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 1 - 10

Abstract

Critics have always connected Bajazet&rsquo;s character in Nicholas Rowe&rsquo;s <em>Tamerlane

Jordanian – American Relation 1957-1985

en
Authors: Khalil Al-Hajjaj
Keywords: The Jordanian-American Relation, The Middle East, Historical Study
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 11 - 21

Abstract

It also discusses some important aspects in America's relations with the region's countries, such as the relations between the countries themselves in light of the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Revolution and Country Revelations in Kamal Nasser’s Poetry

en
Authors: Ibrahim N. Mousa
Keywords: Modern Poetry, Kamal Nassar, Palestinian Poetry
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 22 - 39

Abstract

This research is exploring the dimensions of the poetry experience in the Poet&rsquo;s work from two aspects: observing the substantive phenomenon and its patriotic, national and revolutionary manifestations so as to get the reader reach the phases of the intellectual awareness in Kamal Nasser&rsquo;s life and its practical impacts in his attempts to link work with strife, as he pictured it in his poetic experiences. Second, the stylistic critical side that studies the poetic scripts-profoundly- to disclose its linguistic structures, artistic components and then producing the meanings derived from their depth without forcing them to say what they do not have.

Abstract

6)&nbsp;Dialogue between the West and the Arabs: differences and misunderstanding

Burying Children alive by Arabs In the Pre-Islamic Period and The Islam Attitude Towards It

en
Authors: Hani Abu Al-Rub
Keywords: Burying Children alive, Arabs in Pre-Islamic Period, Islam’s Attitude
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 65 - 77

Abstract

This research studied the habit of burying children alive by the Arabs in the pre-Islamic period and the attitude of Islam towards. It discusses the reasons of this habit its method, the tribes in which it spread, compared to other nations like Greek, Indian and Jewish. The attitude of Arabs towards it before and after Islam. The researcher found that this habit was widely spread among the Bedouin tribes in which assault was spreading, whereas it was scare in the settled tribes. The reason behind burying males alive was poverty, while burying females alive was due to poverty, hindrance and the fear of dishonor of captivity. There was no consensus agreement on the habit of burying females alive between tribes and also within the same tribe. When Islam came, this habit was totally forbidden and considered as a sin. Islam insisted on bringing up children well, especially females, considering this as one of the reasons for parents to go heaven.

The Linguistic Character of Rox Bin Za’id Al-Uzaizi Dictionary of Jordanian Customs, Dialects and Ruins as a Case of Study

en
Authors: Suha F. Na'jeh
Keywords: Jordanian (local) dialect, The Linguistic Tradition, The Dictionary of Jordanian Customs, Dialects and Ruins, The Jordanian Spoken Dialect
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 78 - 100

Abstract

This idea of this study was triggered by the uniqueness of Rox Bin Za&rsquo;id Al-Uzaizi (1903-2004) in his studying the Jordanian dialect in the light of the linguistic tradition and some modern comparative linguistic insights, which underscore the scientific and linguistic features in his character. Thus, he sought to manifest his character since he was a child receiving his primary lessons in the school of the monastery and from his father&rsquo;s library. This brought him up with a close relation to Arabic till he became a teacher of this language for fifty six years, during which he wrote several books on linguistics, tradition stylistics. Yet, his distinguished production as a linguist did not grow mature until after his linguistic letters exchanges with the monumental Reverend Father Anstas Karmili, who directed him into a traditional linguistic lexical destination, the fruit of which was his work <em>The Dictionary of Jordanian Customs, Dialects and Ruins

Political Reforms in Palestine 1994-2006: Critical Reading in the Theoretical Calls and Practical Initiatives

en
Authors: Ayman T. Yousef
Keywords: Political Reform, Political System, Reform Initiatives, Conceptualization, Political Elites, Civil Society, Sovereign State, Political Parties, Democratization, Liberalization.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 101 - 117

Abstract

This research aims to shed lights on reforming the Palestinian political system that originated in post-Oslo Accords and different stages that passed through. After brief covering of the Palestinian political system basic features, the paper includes various theoretical and conceptual paradigms that suit the Palestinian case. It is difficult to understand Palestinian reforms initiatives without deeply debating their contexts and what are the outcomes of these initiatives and their reflections for the system development itself. This research covers in its introductory statement، the objectives، importance and the methodological design. In the conclusion، there is exploratory outlook and some recommendations.

The Smoking of Male and Female Students at the University Of Jordan, Its Reasons, Harms and Methods of Prevention

en
Authors: Amal M. Al-Kharoof
Keywords: Smoking, Students at the University of Jordan, Reasons for Smoking.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 118 - 144

Abstract

This study aimed at identifying the social, economic and demographic characteristics of male and female smokers, the causes and effects of smoking, and their awareness about the different methods used to reduce the percentage of smokers, it also suggested some anti-smoking methods. A questionnaire has been designed and distributed on a sample of male and female smoking students at the University of Jordan. The study found that the main reasons of males /females smoking are: bad family relationships between mother, father, and their children, Imitation of other smokers, a way of entertainment, gives self support and stress relief, the result also indicated that the easy reach of cigarettes has a significant effect on enhancing the smoking habit. Regarding the males/ females awareness of the harmful effects of smoking; the study showed that most of them realize its dangerous effects on health, like different kind of diseases, and its effect on human weight and infant's birth weight reduction. The study also showed that most smokers admitted that they have heard, read or saw anti-smoking campaigns, and third of them find it hard to quit smoking, although some of them tried to quit but didn't succeed for reasons such as: family problems, smoking addiction, being surrounded by smokers, having a lot of free time and lacking strong will. Regarding the anti-smoking methods, different methods had been suggested such as: gradual quitting, enforcing regulations that limit smoking like price increase on tobacco products and minimize its availability in markets. The study also showed that most of students' families are against this habit.

The Conspiracy between Theory and Application: (The Case of the Arab World)

en
Authors: Mohammad A. Al-Hazaymah
Keywords: The Conspiracy, Arabic Thinking, Arabworld, Politics.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 145 - 169

Abstract

This study aims at acquainting the reader with a new type of Arabic thinking modals known as the "Theory of Conspiracy", it examines the causes of this theory in Western thought, and explore what Arabic thinking call a kind of conspiracy designed to harm the Arab world. This study makes assumptions based on the view that conspiracy in the Arabic thinking is employed as a means to escape responsibility, neglect duty and to be an impassable barrier for the satisfaction of the Arab population.

The Unconcealed and the Atmosphere of Significance in the Poem “Atlas Assal” By Al Farazdaque - Applied Rereading

en
Authors: Adnan M. Obidat
Keywords: Al-Farazdaque, Poem of “Atlas Assal”, Omayyeds Poetry.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 170 - 181

Abstract

This poem includes a group of slides that looks enharmonic, the first one goes in a direction of conversational style with the wolf, the second slide goes in the direction of Ghazal (flattery) with his wife Nowar and the third one goes in a direction of pride in his tribe Tamim which reflects to the memory of the portrait of Tribal bigotry that the Omayyeds helped to revive.

The American Position towards Darfur Crisis

en
Authors: Sadah A. Al-Habashneh , Mekhled O. Al-Mbydeen
Keywords: Darfur Crisis, American Objectives towards Darfur Crisis, Darfur Human Tragedy, African United Forces.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 182 - 204

Abstract

This study aims at investigating the American Position towards Darfur Crisis since its beginning on 2003 until these days, throughout the American first interest in Sudan in general and Darfur Crisis in specific way. Also, the study aims to recognize the American objectives towards this crisis and the internal, regional, and international developments which related to that crisis.

Torah’s Values and Morals in the “Song of Songs” Book

en
Authors: Tayser H. Al-Azzam
Keywords: The Old Reign, Torah.
Publication year: 2009
Pages: 205 - 221

Abstract

The most important thing that stimulated the author to write this work is the surprise case of the Arab reader while he reads what"song of songs" book includes of abnormal speeches. And what the holy book people pretend that it has morals and values is.