Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 37, Issue 1

The Negative and Positive Influences for New Technology on the Specific Nature of the Theatrical Art (Lightning as an Example)

en
Authors: Mo’iad S. Hamzah
Keywords: Specific Nature of the Theatrical Art, Dynamic Arts, Static Arts, Repertoire Theatre, Instantaneous Aspect in Theatre
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 1 - 6

Abstract

Studying the position of theatrical art among other arts, and knowing its specific nature, will give us the opportunity to specify the technology that could be beneficial for theatre.

The Narrative Strategy in Zahra Omar's Novel "Al Khorouj min Sawsroukah"

en
Authors: Mona Mhailan
Keywords: Experimentation, Narrative, Frequency, Duration, Internal Mental Movement, External Movement
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 7 - 23

Abstract

The variation in the narrative techniques used with specific messages and events; the artistic qualities and distinctive stylistics.

Hijaz Liberals Party and its Political Role between 1928 and 1935

en
Authors: Ibrahim F. Al-Shraah
Keywords: Liberals, Hijaz, Hashemites, Al-Saud.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 24 - 43

Abstract

This study aims at highlighting the role of Hijaz Liberals Party in the end of the first one-third of the 20<sup>th

The Portrait of Woman in the Jordanian Novel and short story

en
Authors: Mohammad A. Al-Qdah
Keywords: Woman, Feminist, Novels, Stories, Man, Disobedient, Violence, Betrayal, Ethics, Countryside, City
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 44 - 69

Abstract

This article deals with the portrait of Jordanian women in different literary works written by different novelists as Julia Sawalha in her novels "Salma" and "AL-Nashmi" and Samiha Khrais's novel "AL-Khishkash", also Marafe'a Alwahem and Imra'at alfosol alkhamsa written by Laila Al-Atrash, Afaf Bataineh and her novel Kharej Aljasad, and mazida men Al-wahsha for Basma Al-Nsour, Alghajar and Alsabeiah written by Jawaher Alrafaia, Rajaul Hakiki by Basma Alnemri. The study stops at different models of women; it shows different types of women as the educated one, the curious one, and the romantic one.

The Impact of Sufism in Haider Mahmoud’s Poems

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Authors: Emad A. Aldhmuor
Keywords: Haider Mahmoud, Sufism, Poems.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 70 - 80

Abstract

This study aims to uncover the impact that occurs by the modern poet through religious and philosophical meaning of (Sufism) culture with reference to Jordanian poet Haider Mahmoud, nevertheless the acceded in his rhetoric surface structure to disguised deep structure, if only to be read word to word, then the reader can come up with the real meaning.

Polyphony in Arabic Novels “Yousuf Al Qaeed as a model”

en
Authors: Sumaya S. Al-Shawabkieh
Keywords: Polyphony, Yousuf Al Qaeed, Narrator, Narration Perspective, un-Harmonized Perspectives, and Producing the Narrative
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 81 - 93

Abstract

This study emphasizes the importance of varying narrative methods in order to achieve the highest level of objectivity and technical neutrality by utilizing the polyphonic novel techniques which moves from a single voice to multiple ones, and from a single perspective to multiple ones in a manner that allows narrators to present changing perspectives reflecting the different non-harmonized stands of reality irrespective of narrators' multiplicity and their variant narration perspectives

Critical Approaches and Textual Theories

en
Authors: Abdullah Anbar
Keywords: Critical Approaches, Poetic Theories, Textual Theories
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 94 - 117

Abstract

This study shows that modern Arabic criticism needs a method to analyse texts according to a procedure based on their structural relations and the patterns governing them.

Reading the Israeli Security Theory: from the Unilateral Disengagement in the Palestinian Territories to the Second Lebanon War 2006-2008

en
Authors: Ayman T. Yousef
Keywords: Security, Security Theories, Israeli Security, Military Power, Development, Balance of Power, Political Objectives, Military Tactic, Confrontation Strategy, Unilateral Withdrawal, Bi-national State, Sovereign State, Iran's Nuclear Program,Shia Penetration
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 118 - 138

Abstract

This research sheds lights on the deep transformations of the Israeli security theory and the re-reading of the security and strategic calculations in the period 2005-2008. In the introduction, the researcher concentrates on the research problem, the objectives, the methodology and the basic determinants of the Israeli security theory and its theoretical and conceptual frameworks given in different schools such as the traditional military, the contemporary strategic, the social and the developmental approaches. One of the consequences of Lebanon war launched by Israel against Hezbollah is the abandon of the unilateral disengagement plan carried out by Sharon from Gaza and northern West Bank because such withdrawal from one side will be understood as harsh defeat for Israel in the light of Lebanon War. In addition to the Israeli re-emphasizing the strategic situation of Iran in the light of Iran's persistent endeavors to possess nuclear capabilities. The nuclear military capabilities possessed by Iran will enable her to balance Israel in weapons of terror and that would further enable Iran to have a share in the spheres of influence in the Middle East. Writing about Israeli security theory and the Israeli studies in general is crucial at this juncture from the Palestinian and the Arab perspectives because of lack of good literatures about this area of research. This type of research could be helpful to the Palestinian and the Arab decision-makers when it comes to the process of taking decisions in issues related directly or indirectly to Israel.

Factor Affecting Children Ever Born to Ever Married Woman in the Refugee Camps in Nablus Governorate

en
Authors: Hussein Ahmad
Keywords: Children ever-Born, Refugee Camps, Nablus Governorate
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 139 - 153

Abstract

The Dialect of Oqail

en
Authors: Fahad M. Al Otaibi
Keywords: Oqail Dialect, Morphological Issues Syntax Matters.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 154 - 160

Abstract

This research attempts to compile Oqail dialect, Oqail consider to be one of Hawazen tribes, by looking into syntax and linguistic books and collect what has been published. The research starts by citing the dialect and explain with evidences which is matching dialect - if exist.

Arab Islamic Contribution to Agriculture in Andalusia: 129- 407 A.H. / 746-1016 A.D.

en
Authors: Sahar A.M. Al-Majali
Keywords: Andalusia, The Economic in Andalusia, The Agriculture in Andalusia, The Arab Muslim, The Roman pattern, The Islamic Andalusia
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 161 - 170

Abstract

Tahir bin Al-Hussien`s Epistle to His Son Abdullah: A Textual , Analytical Study

en
Authors: Ezzat M. Faris
Keywords: Tahir bin Al-Hussein, Epistle, Al-Ma’mun.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 171 - 190

Abstract

The present research endeavours to elucidate the artistic, objective features of Tahir bin Al-Hussien's epistle to his son Abdullah when he was appointed as a governor (Wali) of Al-Riqqa at the reign of the Caliph Al-Ma'mun.

Syntactic Times in Maqam Al- Yasameen by Khalid AL- Karaki A Study in Structure and Meaning

en
Authors: Ala’ al Deen A. Al-Gharaybeh
Keywords: Poetry, Khalid Al-Karaki, Syntactic Times, A Study In Structure and Meaning
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 191 - 205

Abstract

This piece of research deals with syntactic times in Maqam Al- Yasameen by Khalid AL- Karaki in a way that expends on language structure in order to reveal the beauty of the text and its meanings, for the meaning of structure differs from a text to another even though lexemes may be the same.

Crossing Boundaries: A Postcolonial Reading of Naomi Shihab Nye's Young-Adult Literature

en
Authors: Aisawi S. Abdel-Karim
Keywords: Naomi Shihab Nye, Young-Adult Literature, Postcolonial Theory, Arab-American Literature, Identity, Diaspora, Hybridity, Orientalism.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 206 - 220

Abstract

The paper analyzes Naomi Shihab Nye's young-adult literature in the light of central issues of postcolonialism.&nbsp; Her original works dealing with the Middle East, namely the award-winning <em>19 Varieties of Gazelle: Poems of the Middle East

Diana Abu- Jaber’s Crescent as a Postmodernist Novel

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Authors: Tawfiq Yousef
Keywords: Diana Abu Jaber, Crescent, Postmodernist Perspective
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 221 - 237

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to study Diana Abu-Jaber&rsquo;s novel <em>Crescent

Returnees' Satisfaction with Services Provided at the Camp of the Jordan Red Crescent Society during the Third Gulf War

en
Authors: Salah H. Al-Louzi , Mohammed M. Al-Hadid
Keywords: Returnees, Service Satisfaction, Third Gulf War, Jordan Red Crescent
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 238 - 252

Abstract

The results showed that respondents were positively satisfied with all types of services provided to them while being at the camp. The mean value of respondents&rsquo; general satisfaction with all services provided by the camp was 3.82 on a scale ranging from 1.00 to 5.00. However, the respondents were most satisfied with meals provided (Mean = 4.34) and least satisfied with available activities (Mean = 3.07). Finally, many recommendations were presented upon the results of the study.

La ville, espace privilégié du romanesque de Jean Echenoz

en
Authors: Isabelle BERNARD-RABADI
Keywords: roman contemporain, ville, modernité, roman policier, Paris
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 253 - 271

Abstract

Nous verrons donc dans cette &eacute;tude que l&rsquo;espace de la ville ne peut rassasier la gourmandise descriptive de Jean Echenoz, qu&rsquo;elle alimente au contraire (Premi&egrave;re partie); qu&rsquo;elle permet &agrave; l&rsquo;&eacute;crivain de dire son go&ucirc;t, toujours renouvel&eacute;, pour les habitudes des usagers des paysages urbains (Deuxi&egrave;me partie), et enfin que cette ville est tr&egrave;s souvent Paris, ville litt&eacute;raire, fantasmatique, multiple et insaisissable: ville romanesque par excellence (Troisi&egrave;me partie).

Staneslavski between the Embodiment and the Presentation Method of Acting

en
Authors: Moayyad Hamza
Keywords: The Embodiment Method, The Presentation Method, Stanislavski System, Bertold Bricht, The Higher Objective Of Art.
Publication year: 2010
Pages: 272 - 278

Abstract

The art of embodiment was not a special creation made by Staneslavski. however, this art was not known before – as we emphasize on our research- but the favor is ascribed to him particularly in setting up a method which specifies the characteristic this art and differentiating between the embodiment and the art of presentation, as well as setting up an obvious system that can be used in the process of preparing the actor. Knowing the circumstances related to the birth of the embodiment method in the performance of acting- which its name was related to Staneslavski, and has become the most distinguished mark for the Russian school of realism- in addition of knowing what was common in the shape of theatre performing acting before Staneslavski commenced the theorizing the process of preparing the actor depending on the method of embodiment as a base for that process, in addition of knowing what was considered as a controversial issue about this artistic ideology, and how it is related to the ideology of presentation. This perception basically benefits the actor in acknowledging the energy limits of this method in the performing acting either in the phase of actor's preparation or the phase of performance, in general, it enables theatre actor to benefit this perception to influence the relationship between theatre and spectator, consequently serving the higher objective of art.