Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 38, Issue 1

The Participants and Non-Participants Attitudes towards the Economic Projects of the Northern Jordanian Badia Development Program

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Authors: Mousa Samha , Najla Hammad
Keywords: Jordanian Badia Development Projects, Tourism Projects, Animal Production.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 1 - 18

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the attitudes of the participants and non-participants towards the economic projects launched by the Badia development program in the northern Badia of Jordan. And the preferable projects for future development as well. To achieve the above goals a statistical technique (chi-square) and the behavioral approach were employed to test the differences between the participants and non-participants in terms of their attitudes towards these projects in Dair Al-Kahf, Tal Al-Remah and Anaqeed Al-Khair. The study concluded the following: 1- The impact of these economic projects was less effective since the projects were only recently established. 2- The participants who are working in these projects were the most beneficiaries, while the non-participants where not interested in such projects. 3- The scarcity of water and lack of marketing skills were among the main problems to be solved. 4- Many participants and non-participants have shown interest in tourism, animal production (diary, honey, wool, and meat), car maintenance and tailoring projects.

Press Coverage of Amman Terrorist Bombing In the Jordanian Daily Newspapers (Analytical Study)

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Authors: Hatem S. Alawneh
Keywords: The Covering of the Daily Newspapers, Terrorism, Amman Bombings.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 19 - 40

Abstract

This study aimed to identify how the Jordanian daily newspapers covering the issues of terrorism though the Amman bombings that took place in October 2005, and how the newspapers addressed this issue, using the content analysis method. The most prominent results of the study were the following: 1- Topics of support and loyalty to the Jordanian leadership have had the highest sate of the bombing subjects (24.1%). 2- News captured the first place between the coverage patterns in Al-Raei and Al-Arab Alyoum, the rate in both newspapers reached (35.9%), which confirms the news nature of the Jordanian daily press. 3- Papers presented (94.2%) bombing subjects on the first pages and (3.9%) on the internal pages, while (1.9%) was on the last pages. 4- (63.4%) of the bombing subject was loaded with emotional conciliations while (25.9%) of the subjects was loads with rational conciliations.

Al-Masho’uf at the Contemporary Jordanian Novel

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Authors: Issa Q. Al-Abbadi
Keywords: Contemporary Jordanian Novel, Dualism, Al-Masho’uf.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 41 - 56

Abstract

This paper focuses on an important matter that confused scholar which is the dualism between the novelist own culture and others. The Arabic novel has practiced this matter in early stage after world war I. Successful novels have appeard in thus particular and many comparisons have been held between western and eastern culture. The Jordanian novel had noticed this matter between the two cultures and it had stuck these different point of views from novelists dimensions on to their heros and characters which appeared in their biography of others. The strange theory is that this paper tries to give the novel’s hero as the one who likes western culture and practiced it but he ‘admites the eastern one, that he became Ruzzled which to choose. With this hesitation the researcher could decline to eastern culture according to those novelist inspirations.

Theoretical Concepts for Adverb Context and its Component as Defined by Mohammed Altaher ben Ashour

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Authors: Hussein Mohammed Zatout
Keywords: Adverb Context, Ancient Arabic Tongue, Modern Western Tongue.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 57 - 75

Abstract

This research attempted to prove the pioneer role of the ancient Arabic tongue over the modern westerner in the concept of adverbial concept, through presenting the theoretical concepts of the adverb context and its components as defined by Mohammed Altaher ben Ashor which proves that the Arab experts didn't miss that issue and its effecting understanding texts and leading them. The research combined these theoretical concepts for iben Ashour through his books: literature books, fundamentals and others to form a camper pensive, complete theory for In Ashour and to be a clear, evidence for the perception of this theory and component in under standing teats.

The Narrative Text: Its Beginnings and Development

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Authors: Raed W. Jaradat
Keywords: The Narrative Text, Literary Texts, Humanitarian Awareness.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 76 - 92

Abstract

This study is about the narrative text in terms of its beginnings and its development across ages. Knowing that literary texts are derived from other earlier texts, they add new artistic insights and techniques. The study also examines three aspects: legend, epic, and novel. The study shows that the narrative text passes through several stages. In addition, it indicates that the narrative text is an output of the humanitarian awareness that expresses the relationship of mankind with the world and the way it deals with it.

Phenomenon of Targeting Journalists and their Impact on Professional Performance and Self-Censorship (Palestinian Journalists as an Example)

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Authors: Nashat Aqtash
Keywords: Targeting Journalists, Palestinian Journalists, Self-Censorship.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 93 - 107

Abstract

This is a study concerned with the phenomenon of targeting journalists and their impact on professional performance and practice self-censorship. This descriptive study used quantitative and qualitative approach, the random sampling were used in selecting 220 Palestinian Journalists, it aimed at investigating the impact of practicing self-censorship among the Palestinian journalists. The findings shows that the pressure imposed on the Palestinian journalists make them practice self-censorship regarding the social and political issues. Also, results indicate that 64% of Palestinian journalists have been subject to harassment; and 50.9% suffered from problems after publishing political issues; meanwhile 75% of the journalists faced problems after the publication of certain social issues. The result of the study confirmed that the Palestinian journalists practice self-censorship.

From Andalusian Poets Paradoxes against Pre-Islamic Poetry (Applied Cases)

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Authors: Jamal Ali Ghidan
Keywords: Pre-Islamic Poetry, Andalusian Poets, Paradoxes.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 108 - 128

Abstract

Pre-Islamic poetry has been vivid in the memory of the entire nation over the past consecutive ages. That is because it is the origin from which art components force emanated. Hence, its approach, forms, techniques, utterances and meanings, and structures as well as lots of its images remained common amongst literary men including their verse or prose. This presence was reflected in verse paradoxes. This research provides a scenario on influence of the pre-Islamic poetry on the paradox Andalusian poetry in terms of forms and meanings, eloquence, rhymes and rhythms, linguistic techniques and technical structure of the poem, especially when paradox is between two poems. It is concerned with investigating paradoxes raised by Andalusian poets such as Ibn Abed Rabu, Ibn Shohaid, and Ibn Loboon, and some pre-Islamic poets such as Imri’ Al Qais bin Hujr Al Kindi, Tarafa bin Al Abd Al Bakri, Qais Bin Al Khatim Al Awsi, Abi Qais bin Al Aslat Al Awsi, Duraid bin Al Simma Al Joshami and Ummaya bin Abi Al Salt Al Thaqafi. In this research paper, the researcher has adopted some analytical analysis approaches such as analytical descriptive approach, historical approach in giving Andalusian examples, and benefited from atheistic, symbolic and psychological approaches.

The Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate 414-422 / 1023-1031

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Authors: Yusuf A. Bane Yasin
Keywords: Decline of the Umayyad Caliphate, Al Mustadhir, Al Mustakfee, Al mua’tad, Prince Lings States.
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 129 - 145

Abstract

This research aims at pointing out the events that caused the decline of the Umayyad Caliphate. Accordingly, this Caliphate became a princelings state in Cordova, and then it has been abolished. My approach to such an issue will be set out as follows: Analyzing the roles of inefficient caliphs. The rise of Hammudi Caliphate who could not put an end to the concept of the Umayyad Caliphate from the mind of the Cordovans who resisted the Hammudi presence in cordova and chose to revive the Umayyad caliphate but unfortunately, they made a mistake by choosing the caliph. This research will find out the cause of failure of the cordovans who finally dethroned the Umayyad and followed by the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.

The Journalistic Photo in the Jordanian Daily Newspapers: Analytical Comparing Study for ALDOSTUR and ALGHAD Newspapers

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Authors: Hatem Alawnah
Keywords: Journalistic Photo, Jordanian Daily Newspapers, ALDOSTUR, ALGHAD
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 146 - 162

Abstract

This study aims to recognize the importance which Jordanian daily newspapers give to the Journalistic Photo, the subjects which they treat and the sources of these photos. The study used content analysis for random sample from ALDOSTUR and ALGHAD newspapers. The results showed that the photos which treat sports and cultural subjects came the first and second from the all subjects. - 52% from the photos published in the daily Jordanian newspapers are provided from the photographers who work in these papers. - 58.4% from these photos are objective and 41.6% are personal photos. - 66.9% from these photos in the daily Jordanian newspapers are loaded with positive values.

Abstract

This study focuses on a political speech delivered by His Majesty King Al-Hussein Ibn Talal (King of Jordan) using the text linguistic and communication theory. This study attempts at analyzing the political speech from the perspective of modern linguistics. This will enlighten the political aspects and its domain which have made the language to be its main foundation. Therefore, the language is a primary means of communication with the people and public. It also has strength and ability to establish mutual and immediate understanding, effect, and satisfaction among the people. The study adoptes Discourse Analysis Theory and Communication Theory. The analyses are being carried out in two folds; text and context. The text is an internal speech component which consists of vocabularies, structures, and sentences. On the other hand, the context is divided into two types; linguistic context that connects the internal text component and non-linguistic context which refers to speech analysis using external situations, its direct effects, and usage situations. It also includes characteristics of cognitive, social, and cultural contexts, audience of the event, and the role of speech in relation to the place and time. This study aims at identifying various styles of speech used by His Majesty King Al-Hussein.

The Effect of Color Relations in Connecting form and Space in Advertising Designing

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Authors: Basim A. Al Obaydi
Keywords: Relationship, Color, Form, Space, Design
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 185 - 195

Abstract

In a result of this research, color subject and the relations which characterize the colors and effects on human sociology, which bonds love and hate. There are ways to exchanging relationships between light. Description on characteristics of color and its consistent reminder of its values and the quantity of light, attaches to level of lightness and darkness in any color values played by the amount used in main organizing constructive methods results in the ways of acting to value of light, in Designing advertising in which contains directions and ways to reach a form of color and imagination, that specializes in local area which occupy information in working with subject and aspect and motive suggestions that is acted upon. In one of the important sights in making the final results in advertising design and the importance on the shape from inside of space designing were it has its own effect were Space absorbs on group of value that has an effective role that helps to show and present on what acts on the power of space, by watching a form of a visible surfaces and different variations, and form and impact in space. Different results behind essentials during rising to results in covering both color and space designing resulted in a real and most effective movement in space.

The Woman Question in The Secret Agent: Conrad's Humanism

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Authors: Mahmoud K. Kharbutli
Keywords: The Woman Question, Essentialist, Nature, Humanism
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 196 - 205

Abstract

This essay deals with Conrad's treatment of the woman question, one of the most controversial topic of the Victorian Age. As opposed to the two extremes of the question, Conrad adopts a position that makes him more or less as accidentalist, rather than an essentialist, believing that women, like men, are governed as much by nature as by nurture. To illustrate this view, he places Winnie, the protagonist, of his novel, under very difficult conditions that lead her to murder her husband, a form of madness that can be explained, at least partly, in terms of her circumstances. He also uses foil as a narrative technique to show that different women respond differently to conditions which are almost the same as hers. Thus, he frees women from natural determinism and from preconceived categorizations and generalizations. This is the form of his humanism.

Izdihar Women's Developmental Project and its Role in the Empowerment of Jordanian Women: An Evaluative Study

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Authors: Amal M. Al-Kharouf , Samar A. Al-Hadidi
Keywords: Izdihar Project, Women's Empowerment, Demographic Characteristics
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 206 - 233

Abstract

The current study was conducted to evaluate Izdihar Women's Project as being one of the projects of Families Development Association (FDA). The objectives of the study were to identify the occupational status of the participants after joining the Project and to examine the participants' evaluations of the various training courses offered by the Project. Additionally, the study identified the participants' views towards the project, the impact of the training courses on economic and social empowerment and the relationship between demographic characteristics and economic and social empowerment of the participants. Finally, the study examined how the granting agencies, employers and the local community viewed the project. The Study adopted the "Descriptive methods" approach, which goes alongside with its objectives. The quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire prepared to address the objectives above. The total number of participants of the investigated project was 200. Of the 200 participants, 192 completed all of the training courses while 8 dropped out. Our survey covered 170 out of the 200 participants (85%), of whom 164 out of 192 had completed all training courses (85.4%) and 6 out of 8 participants had dropped out (75%). The qualitative data were collected through personal interviews with representatives of granting agencies, employers, and people from the local community. The following were the outcomes of the study: 1. The participants were greatly satisfied with the training courses and with the efforts of FDA to provide them with job opportunities. Despite this fact, the participants indicated that they would like a wider range of job opportunities and to change the common negative image about the jobs they undertake through educating parents and the local community about the importance of enrolling in such projects and entering the labor force. Participants also expressed their concerns in wanting a better acceptance of the local community of working women thorough providing job opportunities for the graduates and to show employers that graduates of this project are competent in the labor force. 2. Results also showed that the Izdihar project generally improved women's economic and social empowerment and improved their self confidence which allowed them to participate in the familial decision making process. The study concludes with numbers of recommendation.

The Extent of West Irbid District Voters Awareness to have a Parliament Deputy (Internal Challenges and Solutions)

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Authors: Mohammad A. Al-Hazaymah , Sa'd F. Al-Sa'd
Keywords: Voters from West Irbid Area, Parliament Deputy, Personal Variables, Internal Challenges, Demongraphy
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 234 - 252

Abstract

This study aims at unveiling of voters from West Irbid area of internal challenges that stand against delegates to have a seat under the parliament dome. The following hypothesis of this study: There is a relationship between personal variables and internal challenges that face voters from that region. To fulfill the purpose of this study and to prove the hypothesis, the researchers used the descriptive analysis approach and design two types of questionnaire: The first for demographic characteristics, the second for internal challenges and solutions. However, the researchers distributed almost 1500 questionnaires: 998 for males and 502 for females. We received 859 responses for males, three of them are not correct, and we distributed 502 questionnaires to females and we received 444 questionnaires therefore the total number questionnaires is 1300. Thus, the result of this research supports the validity of this hypothesis. The researchers have different conclusions, first, the most predominant internal challenges of voters from West Irbid area, the absence of big tribe to resolve the matter for their candidates because tribes are scattered geographically here and there. Second, tribes bias which makes voters vote for their relative who lived outside his area. While the researchers find the best resolutions to make West Irbid area one geographic unit. Finally, the best recommendations are to spread consciousness among voters in the region because they coexist within their midst very familiar with their needs. In addition to what we recommend to activate political participation for the best interest of the West Irbid area.

Abstract

This research aims to answer the two question: 1- Is the collapse of addaresh Imara caused by the death of its finder, or is it economical because of the holding of external support, or both? 2- The Elements that cause the Addaresn's to hold and alliance with Bin Saud and submit to him?

Al-Mawal Al-Sharqawi (Al-Suba'ee) as a form of Improvision in The Syrian Musical Heritage

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Authors: Ayman Tayseer , Rami N. Haddad
Keywords: Al-Mawal Al-Sharqawi, Improvisions
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 273 - 285

Abstract

The emergence of Al-Mawal refers to the simultaneous improvisation along with the incidence in our Arabic Islamic and Christian ceremonies, depending on emotional improvisation. It is an unprepared performance where composing and singing talents shares at the same time to bring it out. In this research, both of the researchers endeavor to expose the characteristics of Al-Mawal Al-Sharqawi )Al-Suba’ee( that emerge in our heritage as a form of improvisation, as will as reviewing different opinions regarding its emergence, and finally giving explaining the way of performing it in Syria. The researches concluded that there is no musical role in performing this form of singing in Syria, but depending on the ability of singer and proficiency of performance which is related to the quantity of moods the singer could gain, and of modulating and moving between different Maqam. In addition to what mentioned above, there is an idiosyncrasy related to the dialect used in Al-Mawal Al-Suba’ee which is very similar to Bedouins dialect and gives it a special characteristic.

Image of Jordan as a Tourist Destination as Perceived by Arab Tourists

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Authors: Khaled Maqablah
Keywords: Jordan, Tourism, Tourism Image, Arab Tourism, Marketing
Publication year: 2011
Pages: 286 - 299

Abstract

This study aims at understanding the tourist image of Jordan on one hand, and the Jordanian people as an integral part of the tourism product on the other hand, from the point of view of Arab tourists. A questionnaire composed of 19 statements about Jordan as a tourist destination, and 16 traits of the Jordanian people, was distributed among a sample of 186 Arab tourists during the period of June 2008- July 2008 at Jerash tourist site. The study concluded that the image of Jordan as a tourist destination and the Jordanian people is positively perceived by Arab tourists. It also revealed that the perceived image varies with some demographic and behavioral variables of the study sample. The study recommended the necessity of enhancing this positive image among Arab tourists on Jordan and the Jordanian people, and implementing systematic and integrated marketing programs to understand and satisfy the needs and wants of the Arab tourism market better than competitors, in order to maximize the tourism benefits for both tourists and Jordan as destination.