Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 39, Issue 1

The Influence of Linguistic Duality (Standard and Colloquial Arabic) in Teaching Arabic to Speakers of other Languages

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Authors: Tawfeiq Mohammed Mallouh Al Qufaan , Awni Subhi Al Faouri
Keywords: Linguistic Duality; Arabic.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 1 - 16

Abstract

This paper aims at studying the influence of colloquial and spoken Arabic in teaching Standard Arabic to speakers of other languages. A non-native speaker of Arabic encounters the problem of learning standard Arabic inside the classroom but has to deal with colloquial Arabic outside the classroom. This study therefore tackles the issue of language duality in terms of its influence on the learner, the importance of teaching standard Arabic, and the problems that may encounter learners of standard Arabic. The two researchers conducted a field study on a group of non-native speakers of Arabic who study at the University of Jordan, Yarmouk and Al AlBayt Universities from various levels: beginners, intermediate and advanced to show the influence of colloquial Arabic on learning the standard. The study concluded that it is imperative to be familiar with colloquial Arabic in order to learn standard Arabic. Results of the study also showed that many of the colloquial vocabularies helped the students learn standard Arabic despite the fact that they are difficult to learn and their usage varies from on subject to another. Learners of Arabic tend to learn colloquial as a means of communication outside the classroom despite that fact that standard Arabic has more communicative capabilities than colloquial Arabic which is limited to narrow regional usage.

Merchandise in Bilad Levant Markets During the First Abbasid Period (AH. 132-247، AD. 749-861)

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Authors: Marwan Dala’in , Jawad Dala’in , Hayel Mudfi Al-Baree
Keywords: Merchandise, Bilad al-sham, first Abbasid Period
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 17 - 36

Abstract

Syria played an important commercial role during the middle Ages and it became one of the vigorous trade centers in the world. Unique goods were imported to it from all areas. The markets were full of a lot of exotic, invaluable, oriental and occidental goods. Merchants would come from far areas to purchase from these markets. Naturally, the markets were crowded with commercial processes. The researcher tried hard to portray the size of the goods imported and exported. The imported and exported goods were talked about. The important of these were date, linen, cotton, fish and slaves. Then, I talked about the exported goods of these were textile, food, glass and iron. The researcher got the benefit of geography and journey books in addition to historical sources and new studies.

The Point of View in the Political Prison Novel “The Walls as a Model”

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Authors: Sumaya Suleiman al-Shawabkieh
Keywords: The Point of View, The Walls, Political Prison, Mohammad Jibril, Artistic structure
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 37 - 51

Abstract

This paper depicts the effect of the socio-psychological and political point of view in the artistic narrative structure by which it isn’t void of denotation and suggestion. It has rather become a denotative structure through words that comprised. The points of view in Mohammad Jibril’s political prison “The Walls” are embodied to deal with the paradox of the prison and the prisoner. It reflects a number of images which; lack freedom, absence of democracy, the build-up of subjugation where feelings of being chased and besieged simultaneously rise. This paper shows the impact of the former points on the various artistic structure techniques through which the forms vary to level up the point of view on the one hand and to indicate the novelist ability to seek out away from the traditional methods on the other.

The role of Space Media in the University Students Behavior and Culture for Al Balqa Applied University Student's Point of View

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Authors: Abdullah Ahmed Alawamleh , Mohammad Bani Arsheid
Keywords: Satellite media, university students, behavior, culture
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 52 - 76

Abstract

This study aimed at finding out the role of satellite media on student's university behavior and culture from Al Balqa Applied University student's point of view in the flowing fields: social, educational, culture, political, moral, violence and aggressive behavior. The study sample consists of 520 students, 210 males and 310 females. The study results were the following: - There is a significant role on student's behavior and culture in all fields and the highest effect was the social field and the lowest was in the moral one - There is a o significant differences at (α = 0, 05) due to sex. - There were significant differences at. (α = 0, 05) due to sex, period of watching, and kind of channel in these fields: social, political, moral, violence, aggressive behavior, and the total degree, whereas the educational and cultural fields have no significant value at (α = 0, 05).

The Effect of Watching Foreign Satellite TV Stations on Some Aspects of Human Behaviour: A Field Study on Students of Qatar University

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Authors: Mohammad Al-Qadah
Keywords: Foreign Satellite TV Stations, Gulf Youth, Qatar University.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 77 - 91

Abstract

This study aimed at recognizing the status of watching of the foreign satellite TV stations and their influence on some aspects of human behavior. A sample of 700 viewers was chosen. The study concluded that there were stront influences on some behaviors such as staying up until late hours (50.1%) and instinct motivation (44%).It also showed that there were big significant differences in statistical means between a number of human behavior aspects , housing ,and sex such as(3.71%) for independent house , and (4.40%) for residents of the apartment , the dissemination of foreign culture (4.40%) for females and (4%) for males. The researcher recommends that it is necessary to find alternatives for foreign satellite TV programs such as joint Arab production with good quality to elevate and satisfy the needs of the Arab viewers.

The Relations between Bedouin Tribes Surrounding Aqaba in Light of the Political and Administrative Transformations in the Area (1914-1931)

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Authors: Ibrahim Faour Al-Shraah , Nidal Dawood Al-Momani
Keywords: Aqaba, Bedouin Tribes, Jordan, Palestine, Najd, Egypt, Hejaz, Britain
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 92 - 107

Abstract

This study addresses the effect of the political and administrative transformations between Bedouin tribes in the areas surrounding Aqaba. Three Arab countries were the succession management of Aqaba during the first quarter of the twentieth century. Egypt was the first Arab country to be in charge of Aqaba until 1906; thereafter the management of Aqaba moved to the State of the Ottoman "Hejaz" until the declaration of the Arab Revolution in Hejaz in 1916, and the establishment of the Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz. Then, Aqaba became part of this kingdom after liberating it from the Ottoman's occupation in July 1917. In exceptional circumstances while the Britain’s role was obvious, Aqaba was attached to the Emirate of East Jordan in June 1925. This study focuses on the nature of tribal relations in Aqaba and the surrounding areas, as they were sometimes tense and sometimes friendly. The study demonstrates how the political and administrative status of the region, especially in the wake of World War (I) played a role in influencing the nature of tribal relationships, which was through Britain's efforts to draw the borders between the Arab countries overlooking the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea, so that the Bedouin tribes should adhere to these borders based on their administrative and political subordination. The relationships between the Bedouin tribes have been affected gradually by the political situations in the surrounding areas in Aqaba, but those relationships were not easy to control by the governments concerned in light of the situation those tribes were used to, and the difficulty of controlling them by using military force, especially if we take into account the rough geographical nature of the region. To resolve the disagreements that arose between those tribes, traditional tribal methods were used. The study was based on a variety of credible and reliable documents: British and Arabic, especially the non-published Arabic documents found in the Egyptian Library, and documents and the files of the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A group of newspapers, Arabic resources, and foreign resources were used, particularly the British documents contemporary to the time of the study, which are documented in the footnotes.

Shape and Expression of Design

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Authors: B. Obeidi
Keywords: Shape, Expression, Relations, Forms and technique
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 108 - 117

Abstract

This research has special importance related to the study of factors and effects that prepare the designer to start the operation of building a nominal mental and imaginary. The researcher named it as: the design practical prepare movements, the needs, motive, strain, and what accompany them such as the feelings, realization, attention, intelligence, and the importance of all of these in performing and receiving, and how to transfer these ideas into effect the extent on a surface, in a shape or group of shapes that allow the designer to express his feelings or to make a close communication with the receiver. This research has its importance and needs to stop by the nature of creating shapes and factors that lead to the appearance of the shape, and the sources that feed and form the shape and the most important resource is the shadows (hard, soft, waved, integral surfaces), then the researcher approached to the parts of the shadow and divided them into two parts the first one is realistic, spent and include naturalist, objective, and objective engineering, and the second one is fake realistic which depend on unrealistic such as surrealism and beside that comes the identified). After that, the researcher moved between types of expression that were found and taken on consideration by the researcher and it was various and seriate as (Direct expression which include specific directed and general directed, and Indirect expression which include, indirect, subjective, double, compound, and visual-deceitful expression). Finally, the researcher moved to the technique and expression and approached to the importance of making a good choice of work that will be the bases of forming an artistic work. This choice should be a convenient for the modal reason and design functions besides the tools, work method, technique, and the relation between all of that and the main subject.

Space Formation in Printing Design

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Authors: Basem Obidi
Keywords: Formation, Space, Design, Colour
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 118 - 127

Abstract

This research paper aims at provding a clear picture about the space formation in printing design. The problem of the research lies in not considering space as an important element in didimentaional design.

The Consistency and Harmony in the Poem Entitled “Our Worn Out Shirt” (Qamesana Al-Bali) For the Poet, Sameeh Al-Qasem

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Authors: Nizar Misned Qbailat , Mahmood Sulieman Al-Hawawsheh
Keywords: Consistency, Harmony, Our Worn Out Shirt, Sameeh Al-Qasem
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 128 - 137

Abstract

This research will include the consistency and harmony of the context through an applied study for the poem entitled: "Our Worn out Shirt" (Qamesana Al- Bali) for the poet, Sameeh Al- Qasem, who lived under occupation and injustice in a period of time that is not only worn out but also torn out. We study the tools of consistency including referring in all its types, connection, deletion and dictionary consistenc. We will also study the whole structure of harmony including: the title, repetition, background and the bridged deduction. We include a comparison between the number of consistency tools and their effect on the harmony of the context.

Attitudes of Male and Female Teachers in Secondary Schools towards Yemeni Women's Participation in the Social and Political Development in the City of Sana'a (A Field Study)

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Authors: Amal Mohammad Al-Kharouf , Ghada Mohammad Abu Taleb
Keywords: Male and Female Teachers, Yameni Woman, Social and Political Development, San’a
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 138 - 168

Abstract

This study aimed at identifying the attitudes of male and female teachers in secondary schools towards Yemeni women's participation in the social and political development, which can be done through identifying the cognitive attitudes of these male and female teachers towards Yemeni women's participation in the social and political development, and identifying the sentimental attitudes of female teachers towards Yemeni women's participation in the social and political development, in addition to identifying the statistical significance differences (if any) between the attitudes of male and female teachers towards Yemeni women's participation in the social and political development and their different demographic features. To achieve the goals of this study, a random sample of male and female teachers in secondary schools in all the directorates of Sana'a was selected, and the questionnaire was used as a tool to collect information related to the sample of the study, which consisted of 400 teachers: (200) male teachers and (200) female teachers. Among the most important findings of the study was that the female teachers' cognitive attitudes in general were positive towards their participation in the social development, and their sentimental attitudes towards the political participation was undefined. However, the cognitive attitudes of male teachers were less positive than those of the female teachers towards Yemeni women's participation in both the social and political development. As for cognitive attitudes of male and female teachers towards the political participation of women, they undefined with different percentages. The findings of test (T) showed differences with statistical significance at the significance of (0.05 (α ≤in the cognitive attitudes in general between male and female teachers in their cognitive attitudes towards women's participation in the social and political development. These differences were caused by the sex variable. The findings of the analysis of the one level variance, which was also followed by the Toki test for binary comparisons, showed that there were differences with statistical significance at level (0.05 (α ≤in the cognitive attitudes of male and female teachers towards women's participation in the social development, and the social status was for the benefit of male and female teachers who have not been married, and the monthly income variable was for the benefit of male and female teachers whose income is (50000) riyals or more, and the number of family members variable was for the benefit of male and female teachers whose families consist of 6 members or more. The findings of the analysis of the one level variance, which was followed by the Toki test for binary comparisons, showed that there were differences with statistical significance at level (0.05 (α ≤between the cognitive attitudes of male and female teachers towards women's participation in the political development, and the monthly income variable was for the benefit of male and female teachers whose income is (50000) riyals or more, and the number of faculty members variable was for the benefit of male and female teachers whose families consist of 6 members or more. The sentimental attitudes of female teachers towards women's participation in the social development were positive, The findings of the analysis of the one level variance, which was followed by the Toki test for binary comparisons, showed that there were differences with statistical significance at level (0.05 (α ≤in the sentimental attitudes of female teachers towards women's participation in the political development, and the monthly income was for the benefit of female teachers whose income is (50000) riyals or more.

Readings in Place Emplyment in Jordanian Art

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Authors: M. Asfour
Keywords: Place Employment, Art, Artists
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 169 - 183

Abstract

The setting in the work of artists is considered a great deal. While the setting holds the memory and visions, it also provides optical meanings that could potentially be very expressive and unique and contribute to the formation of the aesthetic paintings that have a flavor and taste of their own. It also contributes to the mainstreaming of the cultural identity of the creator، especially in light of the modernization and western globalization backed by the sway of science and alienation, which has rocked the cultures of the world in the last two decades. All that did not discourage our artists from trying to root the identity and self-culture in their works. So, the replication of the place snd setting in the work was one of the more pressing means for the mainstreaming of self and cultural identity. The study will review the highlights of Jordanian artists’ employment of the place setting of jordan، in particular highlighting the specialties of that employment in its different varieties like the pictorial، modernist or any other. This study will also shed light on the presence of place setting in Jordanian art by the raw artisitc materials derived from the place itself. Due to the visual nature of the study, the research will depend on the reading phenomenology approach in monitoring the place setting in the most important artists’ configurations of drawing، photography، ceramics، sculpture and more، starting with the experiences of pioneers of the sixties generation of the last century and ending with some of the experiences of today's generation where the study will include visual models from their experiences in drawing up the place، included in the context of the study itself.

The Woman and Communication in Jordan: A Base Study for Women Communication Activities in Jordan (2003-2004)

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Authors: Issam Al-Musa
Keywords: Communication, Communication Activities, Image of Arab Women, Development Communication, Women Empowerment, Arab Women Organization, Development of Jordanian Women Capabilities.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 184 - 199

Abstract

The study aimed at developing an information base to Jordanian woman communication activities, which may empower her position in society. For this purpose, a survey was developed by Arab Communication experts invited by Arab Women Organization in Cairo. The survey, conducted in Jordan, yielded 113 interviews, representing the varied communication activities carried out in Jordan in relation to women by varied bodies (such as the Radio and TV corporation, the press, women councils, etc.). The findings suggested that the NGOs had carried out activities that surpassed those offered by the official bodies, and that most of the activities were carried out in the capital.

Painting with Words: Imagery in Selected Poems by Robert Frost

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Authors: Safi Mohmoud Mahfouz
Keywords: Robert Frost, Imagery, Visual, Auditory, Olfactory, Gustatory, Tactile, Organic, Kinesthetic
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 200 - 213

Abstract

This paper sheds light on the types of imagery Robert Frost uses in his poetry with particular reference to “After Apple Picking” “Out, Out_”, “The Road Not Taken”, and “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”. The paper is an in-depth analysis of the poet’s artistic ability to paint with words utilizing all types of sensory imagery namely visual imagery, auditory imagery, olfactory imagery, gustatory imagery, tactile imagery, organic imagery and kinesthetic imagery. The poet’s artistic creativity is extraordinarily grand and the verbal colors he uses in his poems are versatile. Although the paper is primarily concerned with discussing the poet’s use of the major types of imagery mentioned above, other specific types of imagery will also be discussed.

The Experience of the National Consultative Council of Jordan (1978-1984)

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Authors: Ibrahim Fa'our Al-Shraah
Keywords: Consultative Council, Democracy, Political Opposition, Jordan.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 214 - 223

Abstract

The present study looks into the establishment of the National Consultative Council (NCC) of Jordan, which was established upon directions from late King Hussein in 1974. It aims at bridging the constitutional gap left by an obstruction in the parliamentary life, following the Rabat Summit in 1974, which declared the Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. Consequently, the Jordanian government decided to establish NCC to support the democratic life in the country and offer assistance in the process of endorsing laws.

Vers Une Fabrication Locale Du Materiel E A O

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Authors: Ahmad Ibrahim Alwadi
Keywords: Langue, Enseigner, Ordinateur, Exercice, Motiver
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 224 - 235

Abstract

Ce sont des essais pour concevoir des exercices simples afin de promouvoir l'enseignement du français par ordinateur. Nous avons pris comme exemple, l'Université Roi Saoud. En effet, la Faculté de Langues et de Traduction entreprend actuellement de grands efforts pour promouvoir l'enseignement des langues à tous les niveaux et surtout après son installation dans ses nouveaux locaux bien équipés. Ces essais pourraient s'inscrire dans le cadre de ces efforts. Pour créer des exercices assistés par ordinateur, il faudrait concevoir des algorithmes qui aident à définir la succession des étapes à suivre. Nous avons tenté de concevoir des exercices pour enseigner le français par ordinateur (Enseignement Assisté par Ordinateur) et pour commencer, nous avons choisi le niveau de vrais débutants…C'est donc, une contribution personnelle pou rajouter une pierre à l'édifice. Nous avons également profité du progrès technique et des exercices figurant sur des sites Internet spécialisés qui visent à mieux enseigner la langue française afin de motiver les apprenants et d'augmenter le rendement…