Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 39, Issue 3

Media Speeches of President George W. Bush in the Gulf War II: A Study in Sociology Media

en
Authors: Hamza K. Al-Khaddam , Mays N. Al-Rawashdah , Kholoud O. Al-Marashdah
Keywords: Media Speeches, George W. Bush, The Second Gulf War.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 1 - 13

Abstract

This study aimed to identify Media Speeches of President George W. Bush in the Second Gulf War during the Gulf Crisis beginning with the invasion of Kuwait on August 2nd and ending with the issuance of the Security Council resolution number 678 accepting the cease fire in March 1991. The study focuses on the objectives of U.S. policy in the second Gulf War as it came in. American media Speeches to President George Bush, and also focus on the content of American media Speeches to president during the Gulf War II, and the target audience, and its influence in winning the battle. This study relied on the descriptive and analytical approach to study the content of the speeches of President George W. Bush in the Gulf War II. The study population consisted of all speeches and the televised Broadcast and published issued by the United States Information Agency in Arabic and English. The study concluded the following results: 1. American media Speeches targeted to President Bush on all fronts of civil, military, and political. 2. Achieved American media Speeches to President George Bush succeeded in winning the war and shows through the ability to explain U.S. policies and the creation of ears, and fertile land, and building confidence in the international coalition, and to maintain cohesion, access to financial support, and economic, military, and humanitarian to more than thirty Arab and international, and Islamic.

Neuter Plural in “Al Tabari’s Jami, Elbayan fee Ta’aweel Alqura’an” Study and Analysis

en
Authors: Ala’ Al-deen A. M. Al-Gharaybah
Keywords: Al tabaris interpretations, Neuter Plurals, Study, Analysis
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 14 - 38

Abstract

Neuter plural is considered As one of the most common irregular types in syntactical rules for its common use in Arabic linguistics, Also it has many forms, some of which are used for the small numbers that don’t exeed ten, while others are used for big numbers that are more than ten ad infinitum.in terms of finite and infinite numbers, this plural is divided in to two: plural of the finite and plural of the infinite. Grammarians disputed regarding this type of plural is it based on what is orally transmitted or judged according to its common use? Some adopted the first while others chose the second. According, the present study seeks to unravel the issues of neuter plural”Al-tabari’s Jami Elbayan fee ta’weel Alqura’an” and the relevant topics of what is established as a rule or what depends on narrative, also it explores Altabaris’ View about this issue and the extent of his approval of the Arabic linguists perceptions, Analyses and different tendercies. Therefore the present study has two folds: the first is concerned whith the structural side of the neuter plurals as shown in this interpretation in the terms of statistics and categorisng these forms. The second explores verifying whether this plural is standard orally transmitted and the extent of the conformity of Atabari’s views whith the Arabic linguist’s or not.

The Concept of Annexation In Arabic Linguistic Heritage

en
Authors: Aied Abd Ar-Rheem Mahmoud , Fawz Suheal Nazzal
Keywords: Annexation, Arabic Heritage
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 39 - 48

Abstract

There is no doubt that the phenomenon of annexation has been clearly developed throughout the ages as a result of some effective elements like translation from other languages.Thereby, we have been reading or listening to new added expressions to Arabic language.This study has discussed the concept of annexation in the Arabic linguistic heritage, it has dealt with the annexation in detait for the ascendant linguists;this study has consisted of five surveys: the annexation for Sebaweh, Al Mobarred, Ibn Assarraj and Ibn Al-Hajeb.This study has been concluded with the summary of studying annexation in the recent ages for Mustafa Al-Ghalayeni. This study is a part of other study which is comparative between Arabic and English languages,whereas the researcher has met with the types of addition in Arabic and the same in English.

The Legendary Methodology of Dr. Nasrat Abdul Rahman’s “Critical Study”

en
Authors: Al-Mothana M. Al-Asasfah , Qutaybah Y. Al-Habashnah , Maha M. Al-O’toom
Keywords: Legendary Methodology, Dr. Nasrat Abdul Rahman.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 49 - 64

Abstract

This research deals with the critical value that was taken in Dr. Nasrat Abdul Rahman’s study: “the artistic image in the Pre-Islamic Poetry”, and the reality and legend in the poetry of Abu Thou’aib Al Hathaly’s poetry through the legendary methodology. The artistic image deals with the subjective view that included in the main researches that the researcher tackled in his study. Thus, the theoretical basics in this study became clear, and the applied side through particular evidences the researcher tackled to manifest his point of view in his said critical study. The study represented the difference between the researcher point of view and the subject itself through critical study methodology and he was able to reach to the strong and the weak points to judge this study. Dr. Nasrat made the Pre-Islamic Poetry his method to ensure his Anthropological point of view and its relation to public legends and beliefs prevailed at that time. He ignored the artistic image and the beautiful value included in it which extends to our days.

The Prediction Manifested In the International Relations

en
Authors: Khaled H. Shnikat , Galeb A. Arabiat
Keywords: International Relations Theory, International System, World System, Terrorism, Realism, Prediction, Standard Theory, New Realism, Political Culture.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 65 - 87

Abstract

In the light of the scholarly standards development, research methods and their implications of theoretical literature, this study aims at answering the focal question suggested here: How far is prediction manifested in international relations? This study also throws light on the ongoing controversy of prediction in the context of international relations. Such debate will be unveiled through descriptive and analytical methods which in turn place an adequate emphasis on examining the controversial and theoretical issues raised by the concern of prediction. Relevant examples in the same context will be also given such as: the predictions suggested by the New Realism, Structuralism, and how far such theories recognize the international policies. The pragmatic implications dwells on the concept of prediction in international relations through identifying prediction's standards and its indications, the appropriate framework to make up theory, implications fields, assumptions prioritization, and the relation between the theoretical concepts to come up with a theory of valid for prediction in the future. The study concludes that the perpetual change of international system's frameworks brings about an urgent use of the methodological signs of prediction to strike a balance and maintain stability in the international environment. Such state of balance gives room for the hegemonic international terms and world peace since prediction phenomenon has been manipulated by scholarly research and methodological tactics.

Who Assassinated Al-Mutanabbi

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Authors: Yaseen A. Khaleel
Keywords: Al-Mutanabbi, Adud al-Dawlah
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 88 - 103

Abstract

This article tackles the fragments of information as regards the act of assasination of AL-Mutanabbi; in the year 354 A.H. on his return from Shiraz, the capital of Adud al-Dawlah, the Buwayhid to al-Kufa, in a place called Dur al Aaqul nearby Baghdad. All Iraq was these days in the grip of mu’izz al-Dawlah the Buwayhid. A group of people of banu Assad killed him and his servants and his son Muhassad. They looted all the money and presents granted to him for Adud al-Dawlah. It becomes clear – to the researcher – after assessing all the literature concerned that Adud al- Dawlah is the one who plotted against the poet, utilizing the poem of satire against Dabbah bin yaziel al ‘Aayni to conceal his enemity and ill-intention towards the poet who stood firm against the non-Arab rulers in his verse. The extraordinary welcome which was bestowed upon the poet on his visit to ‘Adud al-Dawalah in the year 354 A.H. does not exceed the fact that it was a covering for the crime which was finding its way to execution

Heroism Pictures in Omayyad Poetry

en
Authors: Hamdi Mansour
Keywords: Heroism, Omayyad Poetry
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 104 - 120

Abstract

From the early ages, poetry convoyed Arabs life expressing their hopes and grief. It also described Arabs heroic actions and feats. This study is about the details of heroism in the Omayyad Poetry revealing its forms, reasons as well as its tools. Moreover, the study pores over the technical featuresoism poetry in the Omayyad period. This paper goes over some poems which conclude that heroism has clear characteristics and elevated values such as bravery, patience , sincerity , firmness and chastity . Heroism included actions done by the Omayyad hero as war and generosity heroism.

Social, Economic and Demographic Characteristics of Poor Families in Jordan’s Pockets of Poverty

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Authors: Amal M. Al-Kharouf
Keywords: Jordan, Poor families, Pockets of Poverty.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 121 - 159

Abstract

The study aimed to identify the reality of economic and social conditions for poor and non-poor people in Jordan’s pockets of poverty, the availability of educational, health, social and recreational services in Jordan’s pockets of poverty, to find the relationship between the demographic, social, economic characteristics and poverty and to identify the poverty inherited and non-inherited determinants for families and individuals live in the Jordan’s pockets of poverty. The study used the analytical approach and a questionnaire which includes quantity and quality questions was designed for data collection. The study came to several conclusions, including: the proportion of female households’ heads in poor families is higher than in non-poor households, the average age of poor households’ heads is higher than in non-poor households, the educational level of poor households’ heads is lower than the level of education for non-poor households’ heads, and the most poor and non-poor households’ heads are married, and the average marriage age of poor households’ heads is lower than in non-poor households’ heads. And the largest proportion of parents are living with each other within the same family for both poor and non-poor households, the number of relatives who are living with poor and non-poor family has been reduced. Moreover, poor people tends to accept relative to live with them more than non- poor people and the average number of sons and daughters who live with their poor families is higher than in non-poor families. And the study results that the largest proportion of poor and non-poor families live in houses or apartments and that the majority of them own houses, and that the average number of house’s rooms/ bed rooms for poor families is less than the average number of rooms for non-poor families, and the rate of per capita from the housing space in poor families is less than in non-poor families. The results showed the strength of relationships between family members in both poor and non-poor families. And that there is a kind of a joint decision-making process between family members. And about half of the poor and non-poor households’ heads depend on consultation between family members on the subject of girls’ marriage. Furthermore, the study clarifies that the percentage of unemployed people in poor households is higher compared to non-poor households and that the average income of poor families is around (214) JD and (513) JD for non-poor families, and most poor and non-poor families consider that the poverty in their families is not inherited but only in their villages and to focus on children education, birth control and the use of contraception, saving for the future and not to marry more than once in order to avoid poverty inheritance.

Analytical Study of the Chords Based on Degrees of Arab Scales (Free of Three - Quarters Interval)

en
Authors: Haitham Yassin Sukkarieh
Keywords: Music, Arab Scales, Chords, Harmony, Harmonic, Structures, Arab Composers
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 160 - 185

Abstract

Western music is characterized by the use of harmony that enriches the melody, which was written for orchestra, some instruments, or choir through different styles of harmonic accompaniments and chord functions. While Arabic music is characterized by the rich melody, which depends on a great number of Oriental Modes without relying on Harmony, which was written in a monophonic style. Many of the Arab composers managed the integrate of their melodic ideas that based on Oriental Modes with harmony through their experience and their serious attempts. Moreover, they relied heavily on the taste without relying on scientific literature of Arabic harmony, because of its unavailability. Through this research, the researcher tries to contribute and develop those experiences through detailed analysis of all the Arabs Modes, which are free of three-quarters intervals, and to build a harmonic structure on all degrees, in order to get out a scientific study of harmony. This will open the gate for the development of the Arabic harmonic theories that provide the structure of harmonic voices, which will serve the character of Arabic music away from tradition. The researcher also considers this research as a step in the direction of creating the practical harmony just as the study of western music harmony, which relies on correct chord progressions.

Aestheticisms euphemism of Ta'bt sharan poems

en
Authors: Eid Alkrisha , Mohammad Almaqabla
Keywords: Euphemism, Ta’bt Sharan
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 186 - 199

Abstract

At the beginning of this research we talk about the life of the poet and the fact that he is a pauper poet in the preislamic era. After that the research shows the importance of the Euphemism from (pre and post) rhetorical critics. Then it's showing the source of the Euphemism to the poet and refers it to two sources: 1. His personal life. 2. Nature and Environment. After that it stops at the aesthetic in Euphemism. I studied all the verses and the relationships around it and separated Euphemism depending on Adjective, substantive and meaning. From our studying to the subject we noticed the follwoing: Euphemism expresses the feelings and thinking and it touches the mind of the recipient “it had a near meaning and a far meaning". Euphemisms express general famous Euphemism as generous, sadness and greed... etc and specific Euphemism showing the life of pauper he lived., pictured his worries, his anger from rich people and his homelessness in arabian island. His euphemism was distinguished by using the stylistic aesthetic in his poems colored by the distinguished sensually that goes to clear the picture. The poet relies on of the picture source on his personal life and throughout the events he lived and his vision about the life and human. He leans on nature and environment he lived in shaping the picture not based on any cultural color. Most Euphemism Found in his poems are about adjective on the other hand Euphemism about the substantive comes in a very little percentage. Euphemism perfroms its duty expressing what is happening in the mind of the poet and indicates to the meanings he wants at the same time touches emotions of the recipient.

Greyness and Sings of Old Age in the Pre-Islamic Poetry

en
Authors: Hamdi Mansour
Keywords: Greyness, Old Age, Pre-Islamic Poetry
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 200 - 215

Abstract

This study tackles the topic of greyness and the sings of old age pertinet to acertain person in the pre-Islamic poetry and the stand of the poets of this period towards them. It is constituted of a preface and five sections namely: Feeling sorrow towards youthfulness of the past, the attitude of contempt on part of the wife towards old age and aged poet ,his attitude towards general weakness and helplessness and the feeling of solitude and at last his wish to pass away because every living person is destined to die and death is way out. The pre-Islamic poets could express these attitudes very lively and vividly in their works.

Empirical Study for the Use of the Song in Providing Kindergarten's Child with New Concepts

en
Authors: Subhi Sharqawi , Rami N. Haddad , Aziz Madi
Keywords: Song, Child, Concept.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 216 - 228

Abstract

The Research is an empirical study designed to measure the impact of songs in providing kindergarten children some new concepts. The researchers used the experimental method, and they prepared Pre-testing and post tests and measured the experimental group performance before and after learning specific songs dedicated to this issue, through ten sessions. The Research is divided into two parts; 1- Theoretical part; including review of literature and an overview of children songs. 2- Applied Part; including teaching children ten songs on various topics that fit to their ages in melody, Rhythm, and objectives, and measure their impact in providing them with new concepts. Measurements have shown the effectiveness of songs to help children to acquire these concepts and terminology within a short time.

The Elaboration in the Indications Names of Women in Pre-Islamic Poetry (Hurayrah as a Model)

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Authors: Ahmad M. Al-harahshah
Keywords: Elaboration, Connotation, Hermeneutical Method, Poems Opening, A'sha, Hurayrah
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 229 - 242

Abstract

This study aims to revive the approach of elaboration in the indications and connotations of names in the light of the hermeneutical method. This method represents one of the old methods for identifying the elaborated connotation of names and their implications employed in traditional literary criticism, and it foregrounds the interest in associating the opening of the poem to its focal theme by the elaborating the different connotations and implication of women’s name highlighted in the poem. Taking Al-A'sha’s presumed beloved "Hurayrah", who was Bishr ibn Amr ibn al-Marthad black servant; I argue here that she was a pseudonym and fictitious character.

The Study of Al-Balathery’s Book “Countries Opening’s” In Terms of Methodology and Content

en
Authors: Awad Thnibat
Keywords: Countries Openings, Albalathery, Methodology, Context
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 243 - 253

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the significance of Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Jaber Albalathery's book "The Countries Openings' in terms of Methodology and Content. The researcher has introduced a brief study of the life, name, acheivements, students, and the death of Albalathery. The researcher has adopted historic analytical research methodology, during his reading to the book. The research paper discusses the text, context and the curriculum that Albalathery has adapted in his book; it also reveals the importance of his historical resources. Finally. The researcher has presented some results and recommendations.

The Epistemological Read for Heritage by Mohammad Abed Al- Jaberi

en
Authors: Mohammad Khalid Al-Shiyab
Keywords: Ideology, Al-Tubawiy, Al-Hirmisiya, Al-Manawiya, Al-Ghunousiya
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 254 - 269

Abstract

In Mohammad Abed Al- Jaberi point of view, heritage needs an epistemological read that requires digging in its depth to rebuild it, reform it, and reconnect with it. Therefore, Jaberi’s epistemological read is based on his conviction that renewing the Arabic thinking and criticizing the Arabic mind can’t be done only by the invitation to using new methods and explaining them, but also needs to be logically used in the study of our heritage and analyzed in a way that suits this usage. From this point, the new method that depends on examining the texts of heritage that was inspired from the postmodernists Europeans method in reading the text and then going beyond that to reestablishing it was a great victory for the scientific spirit, and a settling for the dialogue morals. That’s why Al- Jaberi’s way of thinking regarding the epistemological method and the historical frame concept of modernism and postmodernism was influenced by the European methods.

The Arabic Translation of Echenoz Novels

en
Authors: Wael Rabadi , Isabelle Bernard
Keywords: French Contemporary Novel, Translation in Arabic, Reception, Lebanon.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 270 - 279

Abstract

In 2005, the prestigious Lebanese (Al-Adab) published the Arabic translation of two novels by Jean Echenoz: Les Grandes Blondes (1995) and Je m’en vais (1999). Entrusted to Bassam Hajjar, the translation of these emblematic stories marks the diffusion of Jean Echenoz’s style in the Middle East as a French writing unclassifiable, ironic and polyphonic. On this occasion, we offer a presentation of the receipt of the author's flagship contemporary extreme in the Arab world that first contextualize the work and highlight its international appeal, which will then focus on trio author-translator-reader, and finally explore the translation against the original texts.

Functional Approach to Forclusifs'' ?aHad, ?abad, qaTTu, et shay?'' in Modern Standard Arabic

en
Authors: Mohammad Mahmoud Elmatalqah , Adnan Smadi
Keywords: Forclusif, Functional Grammar, Negation, Illocutionary Force, Analysis Recommended, Predicate, Modern Standard Arabic
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 280 - 288

Abstract

The recent study aims at specifying the most frequently used forclusifs in Modern Standard Arabic negative constructions ''?aHad, ?abad, qaTTu, et shay? '' are cases in point. To achieve this goal, the study is divided into two parts. The first takes into account describing these particles in taxonomic approach in accordance with the perspectives of traditional Arabic grammar. The second part; however, focuses on analyzing the constituents of these forclusifs from a functional viewpoint. As a result of this analysis, it became possible to suggest formalizing a negative form of the abstract operant entitled '' Neg''. In addition, this functional analysis shows that the negative particle is linked to a forclusif within a sentence in a way they fact that the forclusif is considered as a quantifier. In conclusion, the researcher ends up by suggesting a classification that takes into consideration shay? and ?aHad on the one hand and qaTTu and abad on the other.

Representations of the other in Jordanian Proverbs

fr
Authors: Renad Al-Momani , Riham Jaradat
Keywords: proverbs, otherness, representation, stereotype, Jordanian societ.
Publication year: 2012
Pages: 289 - 297

Abstract

The objective of this study, which is entitled “Representations of the Other in Jordanian Proverbs”, is to show, by examining a corpus that is well-defined, how these proverbs construe the Other in all its difference. The analysis of the material reveals that the Other has several possible identities in Jordanian Proverbs, and that these identities are represented by various stereotypical images. It also demonstrates that the Other falls under multiple categorizations, which are expressed by diverse linguistic strategies.