Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

Beta Version

Please note that this is a beta version which is still undergoing final testing before its official release.


To submit new script click here

Search:

Volume 41, Issue 1

Al-Imam Al Shafi’s views about some Pre-Islamic Traditions A Presentation and an Analysis

en
Authors: Omar Alfajjawi , Layla Tawfeeq Omari , Amjad Qourshah
Keywords: Al shafi, Pre-Islamic Era, traditions
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 1 - 12

Abstract

This study aims to shed light on the contributions, this Imam provided to the Arabic language when explaining speech acts related to the Arabs at that time which tells about the wide knowledge he had. Al Shafi’ did not just develop flat or simple knowledge in language and literature or deep and specific one in Al Fiqeh wa Osooloh. In fact, we see him as a great scholar in language and its hidden secrets. In this study, the search will be channeled to investigate Al Shafi’s views about : ore, meaning of pre-Islamic judgment, Al-baheera, Al-wasseela, Al-sae’ba, Al-hami, Al-aqeeqa, Al-tiyara, Al-fara’h, and Al-‘ateera. Al Shafi’ used to explain the lexicon and show what pagans were too. All that was in the context of explaining judgements in light of Shareea’h. It is believed that this study will conclude to the following: first, Al shafi’ placed his knowledge and science in service of Alfeqeh through providing us with valuable information about the life of the Arabs during the pre-Islam era, even some scholars adopted his approach that explains his impact on scholars’ views to the limit where some of them changed stances for his sake, like Wakeei’ his teacher. Second, Al Shafi’ is one of the very few who benefited from different sciences, away from their specific areas, and applied those sciences in service of their knowledge. So said, Al Shafi’ achieved knowledge integration.

The Level of Citizenship and Belongingness among the Workers of Jordanian Institutions " Sociological Applied Study "

en
Authors: Hussein Al-Khuzaa , Eman Al-Shamayleh
Keywords: Citizenship, Belongingness, Jordanian Institutions
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 13 - 38

Abstract

The study aimed at measuring the level of citizenship and belongingness of the workers at the Jordanian institutions. In order to achieve this goal, a scale of (39) items was developed and distributed on five domains: belongingness domain, cognitive and cultural domain, social domain, religious domain and spatial domain. The scale was applied upon a random stratified sample of (296) employees: (273) males and (23) females. The study revealed that the level of citizenship and its role in enhancing belongingness was positive in all the domains of the scale:" belongingness, cognitive and cultural, social, spatial and religious domains". The most positive effect was detected in the cultural and cognitive domain while the least positive impact was in the religious domain.

The Political Dimension of China-Arab Relations and Future Prospects

en
Authors: A'hed al-Mashaqba
Keywords: Political Dimension, China-Arab Relations, Future Prospects, Middle East, Defense Strategy, Jew Strategy, National Inter Set.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 39 - 59

Abstract

This study aims to develop the Arab-Chinese cooperation in the areas of security in order to achieve balance with the American and European presence. It attempts to shed light on China's assistance to Arab countries in the development of industry and technology in the Arab world, which led to an economy growing. It also sheds light on ways to develop political, cultural and social Sino-Arab relations and how to activate the role of the two civilizations of China and Arab in the face of the challenges of globalization and to promote understanding between the two parties. The study tries to answer the following questions: what are the limits of Chinese policy towards the Arab countries and what are the interests of Arab expected that China may support under the existing problems in China-Arab relations The study used the approach of the national interest which is linked to the theory of power, as that power is the goal for foreign policy makers.

The Imperative Discourse in Surat Yousef (Structural Semantic study)

en
Authors: A’laaldeen Al-Ghrayba
Keywords: Imperative Discoursem, Surat Yousef
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 60 - 79

Abstract

The aim of the study was to explore the structural semantics of the imperative discourse of (Surat Yousef) in the light of contemporary Linguistics. It investigated five main types: Interrogative discourse, imperative discourse, calling discourse, wish discourse, negative discovrse. They are based on the aesthetical aspects of Holy Quran Style. The researcher explored the functions and the roles of the explicit and implicit imperative discourse types which play in many different contexts. To achieve the aim of the study, the researcher reviewed and analyzed relervant theories and research: Tafsir, syntax and rhetoric references. The researcher analyzed these types depending on Tafsir references; structural semantics and rhetoric arts.This will strengthen the validity and credibility of the paper.

A Comparative Study on Definiteness and Indefiniteness in Arabic and Malay Languages

en
Authors: hajah Rafizah Haj Abdullah , Basma Ahmad Dejani
Keywords: Arabic Language, Definiteness and Indefiniteness, Malay Languages.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 80 - 96

Abstract

This study revolved around the contrastive frame in analyzing and studying the phenomenon of "definiteness and indefiniteness" in both; Arabic and Malay Languages, in order to discover the difficulties encountered by Bruneian students in using this phenomenon so we are able to foresee and review difficulties and errors that faced by the students and expose the solutions to avoid the problems. Hopefully, this study will provide useful insights and guidance for Arabic teachers and curriculum developers, to reach out more effectively towards helping students, by coming up with strategies and solutions so that it would not occur in their future grammatical performances.

Relations between Jordan and Lebanon 1921-1946

en
Authors: Hanan Soliman Malkawi , Abdul Majeed Shunnaq
Keywords: Jordan and Lebanon Relations, Diplomatic Relations
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 97 - 121

Abstract

This study examines the relations between Jordan and Lebanon during the period of the emirate 1921 until 1946, and reviewed the evolution and statement of the position of the parties toward political events on both local and national level, and the role of Jordan toward the Great Syrian Revolution 1925-1927 and its contribution to the revolution. As well as the relations between them during World War II, especially that Jordan contributed to the success British planned to re-power the former Iraqi regime through the participation of the military unit of the Arab army in the British military operations in Iraq and in Syria against the policy of French High Commissioner's anti-British and German pro-policy and Vichy French and Lebanese position statement from Greater Syria project put forward by Prince Abdullah and highlight the role of political parties and forces the Lebanese towards National Unionist Hashemi Project, as well as handeling economic and diplomatic relations between them. The research will address the following questions: 1 - How the bilateral relations between the two countries started despite the existing mandatory policy and competition on the Arab land? 2 - Where Matching appeared in attitudes towards regional and national events. 3 - How has the relationship between the two countries developed in the fields of political, economic, and cultural feilds?

Program Symphony of Youssif Khasho (Analytic study)

en
Authors: Haitham Yassin Sukkarieh
Keywords: Music, Khasho, Program Music.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 122 - 143

Abstract

Program music was popular in 20th century’s composers, they wrote their music works as a description to the dramatic ideas, this was known as program music, The Jordanian composer Khasho has been one of these composers who had a very high level in music composition and not less than the composers in the western world and the Arab nationalism composers. He wrote about 14 program symphonies with special titles and narrative stories, also he describes drama with different types of expressions. Khasho didn’t get his arts and academic rights as a composer, because of Scarcity of research which discusses his works that considered Legacy humanly and culturally valuable in arts technique, no less than universal works in its value.

Rhetorical Question in Sharh Al - Hamasa for Marzuki

en
Authors: Haitham H. Al-Thwabya
Keywords: Sharh Al - Hamasa, Question Rhetorical, Marzuki
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 144 - 161

Abstract

This research stems from the theory indicates that learners contemporaries did not make a place for Marzuki in their rhetorical studies when they talked about rhetorical question, so came this research to show the estimated rhetorical when Marzouki through his book sharh Al - hamasa , and will try this researcher to prove this ability by eating two ways: in theory: We turn style question when grammarians in terms of concept, tools and stylistic aesthetics. And Applied hand: We turn to talk about the meanings of rhetorical question by explaining the Court of enthusiasm for Marzuki, and demonstrate the value of the effort done compared with those who preceded and suffered..

Individualism in Modern philosophy Kierkegaard" as a Case Study"

en
Authors: A'mer N. Shatara
Keywords: Kierkegaard, Individual, Individualism, subjectivity, Objectivity, Faith, Rationality.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 162 - 176

Abstract

This Research Attempts to analyze the concept of "the Individual" in the philosophy of the Danish thinker Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), who was the founder of the modern existentialist movement, and sought to find a new basis for unity of Individuality during a time when Western society was facing a crisis brought on by the industrial revolution and its impact on culture, religion and Sciences. This Research is composed of two parts : the first part is more descriptive, in which I tried to define the concept of the Individual with accordance to the theory of Individualism as it appears in modern philosophy and thought, The second part is analytical and focused on Kierkegaard's writings, trying to define his concept of the Individual with reference to his concept of the "crowed" which according to Kierkegaard is the negation to the individual and an anonymous entity that demolish the human identity.

Points of Difference between Alfarsi and Ibn Ginne

en
Authors: Haitham H. Al-Thwabya
Keywords: Alfarsi, Points of Difference, Ibn Ginne
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 177 - 189

Abstract

This research aims to detect the points of Difference between Alfarsi and Ibn Ginne, where the second one was a student of the first, has been to that by dividing the points of difference into audio , morphological , grammatical and linguistic then show views of both in these points and weighting between the two views if possible. The research concluded that the strong relationship ,between Sheikh and his student, did not prevent the student from contrary views of Sheikh on certain points, morphological, syntactic and linguistic The differences was sometimes closer to the truth in others farther from the truth.

The Effect of Civic Education on Promoting the Culture of Democracy

en
Authors: Hamzeh Ismail Abusharia
Keywords: Civic Education (Citizenship), The Culture of Democracy.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 190 - 206

Abstract

The present study aims to establish civic education and to measure its effect on promoting the culture of democracy among citizens. The main question of the study was" What is the effect of civic education on promoting the culture of democracy among citizens?" The analytical descriptive approach was used to analyze the data of the study. The results of the study revealed that prompting civic education significantly improves the culture of democracy among people. Results also indicated that sharing and involvement are so important to establish and maintain peace in democratic societies. For this to happen, the government should respond to citizens' basic requirements or needs. It was concluded that ignoring the varied needs and opinions of citizens results in the lack of national commitment. Based on these results, it was recommended that the culture of democracy be incorporated in educational curricula to maintain unity and active participation in decision making.

Abstract

This study aims to identify the role of Jordan TV in national education for a sample of students from German Jordanian University within the frame of Reliance on Mass Media theory. The Sample Survey Method is used to achieve this objective where the sample population consists of (210) respondents. They have been chosen randomly and irregularly, where the sample represents different study stages and both genders equally. Consequently, the survey is designed after displaying it to experts that turn it out to be consisted of three sections. The first section consists of personal information like faculty, specialization, sex, age, household's income. The second one, relevant to watching TV, consists of (16) questions; whereas the third part, which is relevant to national education, consists of (9) questions. The study concludes a set of results; most importantly, most of the study sample's populations have more than one TV, where people watch all TV channels in general and the Jordanian channel in particular. Sports' TV programs are ranked the first in terms of watching, then comes respectively athletic, news, social, political, religious, and cultural programs. Further, the internet, as mass media, is ranked first in process of strengthening national and political trends. The study has revealed the lack of youth programs in Jordan TV. "Sixty-minute" program is the most preferred TV program, where it is ranked the first among other political programs broadcasted on Jordan TV. "Views and Perceptions" program is ranked the second, followed by "Youth Parliament" program and finally/comes "The Third Standpoint" program. The study has shown that Jordan TVranking falls behind both Aljazeera and al-Arabiya TV stations and the BBC channel in following-up the checking of an internal event. Helping persons in need is ranked the first in preference of volunteer works' forms. It shows as well the lack of motivating role in Jordan TV for the purpose of influencing the audience in order to make him/her behave in a way that serves his country and community. Further, it shows that"the way of displaying the news and the lack of experience" are the main reasons behind making Jordan TV not regarded as the first information resource on what is going on around the world. The study also shows that the degree of confidence in Jordan TV is medium. The following resources are organized respectively in terms of importance in reinforcing the national and political trends: family, mass media, school and university, friends, national education course, and political parties.

Quotation with Prophet's Language in Light of the Decision of Arabic Language Academy; (Critical Study)

en
Authors: Mohammad S. Al-Hwaiti
Keywords: Prophet Language, Refereed by Prophet's Hadiths, Fundamental of Syntax
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 229 - 241

Abstract

The research investigated the issue of quoting the Prophetic language in the light of a decree of The Academy of Arabic Language in Cairo on this matter. A detailed critical analysis was provided and evidently pointed out that the decree was neither inclusive nor exclusive for all, and only, the Ḥadīths which their wording is attributable to the Prophet. Accordingly, the researcher suggested some standards which should resolve the deficiencies of the decree. These six standards are applied on the narrations of Abdullah b. Umar as a case study. It was found that out of (3000) narrations by him only (5) were compatible with these standards.

Arab Maqamat in Contemporary Arab Songs

en
Authors: Ayman Tayseer Hussien , Rami Haddad , Haitham Yassin Sukkarieh , Fadi Al-Ghawanmeh
Keywords: Arab Maqamat, Arab, Contemporary Songs
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 242 - 255

Abstract

This study discusses Arabian modes (Maqamat) in contemporary Arabian songs. This is done through two-stage analysis of a random sample of these songs broadcasted in common Arabian music space channels. The first stage analyzes each song separately, extracts its main features, and inserts them in schedules categorized by modes. The second phase is a statistical analysis tackles, in each time, modes and another feature of the songs. Then these results are presented in tables. The analysis is followed by discussing possible reasons led to obtained results, and concluding the overall image of the contemporary Arabian song.

Suggested Names for the All Intervals in Arabic Modes which Contain Three – Quarter Tunes – (Analytic Study)

en
Authors: Haitham Yassin Sukkarieh , Ayman Tayseer Hussien
Keywords: Music, Arabic Modes, Tune, quarter tunes.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 256 - 273

Abstract

Western music theory generally contains all analysis of Intervals of major and minor scales. The uniqueness of those scales is determined by the equal tempered scale with the well determined distance between intervals nominated from and to each level of scales. By contrast, Arabic music theory lacks this uniqueness since it has emphasized on successive sequenced intervals only. This research tried to investigate the sizes of distance spectrum of the second and the third sequence that may start and end from low tunes of the three quarter note scale of the Maqamat in Arabic music, known what is called the middle third beside the middle second. But the rest of the intervals are ignored and don’t have scientific names.

Contemporary Feminine Literature: Fadwa Touqan as a Model

en
Authors: Fahad Mursi Al-Bogami
Keywords: Fadwa Touqan, Contemporary, Literature
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 274 - 282

Abstract

Fadwa Touqan was one of the women who proved herself in the field of literature; this was evident in the diversity of literature that she had produced. In addition, she raised movement of criticism around her literature by orientalists and Arabs scholars. Therefore, this research is seeking to show criticism's opinions about the feminist literature within two aspects. The first aspect is represented in the opinions about feminist literature. The second aspect is how critics' look to Fadwa Toukan's literature as a model for contemporary Arab feminist literature.

Feminist Theory and the Study of Social Inequality

en
Authors: Saleh Soliman abdelazim
Keywords: Feminist theory, Social inequalities, Gender reform feminisms, Gender resistance feminism, Gender rebellion feminism.
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 283 - 296

Abstract

The current research tries to identify the different feminist theories in relation to dealing with social inequalities experienced by women in human societies. It also tries to classify feminist theories since its beginning till now. The classification process combines both simplicity and depth. By simplicity we mean the clarity of classifying feminist theories since 1960s till now and by depth we mean presenting the important elements of these theories. The research ends with three main theoretical approaches which include: gender reform feminism, gender resistance feminism and gender rebellion feminism.

Geotourism: Why Do Children Visit Geological Tourism Sites?

en
Authors: Mamoon Allan
Keywords: Geotourism, Motivation, Geosite, Geology, The Dead Sea
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 297 - 305

Abstract

By reviewing the literature, it is evident that previous tourism studies pay little attention to the issue of why children travel to geological tourism sites and this significant issue is still an undeveloped area of study. Therefore, investigating the motivations of children engaging in a geotourism (geology and tourism) experience reflects an urgent need to bridge the gap in the geotourism literature. The purpose of this study is to explore the different motivations behind children visiting the Dead Sea in Jordan in 2012. Quantitative methodology was employed, consisting of a self-administered questionnaire that involved inviting a convenience sample of 147 children aged (14-17) years old visiting the Dead Sea. The results of this study indicated that the major motivation for the respondent in the Dead Sea were ‘enjoyment’, ‘to escape from the pressures of the study’, ‘friendship’ and ‘relaxation’. Moreover, the study revealed that most of the respondents had sourced information about the Dead Sea before undertaking their trip. The respondents also identified the Internet as the most frequent source of information to gain necessary information before their visit to the Dead Sea.

Why do Jordanian Tourists Travel Abroad? Push and Pull Theory Perspective

en
Authors: Mamoon Allan
Keywords: Tourism Motivation, Push and Pull Factors, Jordan, Outbound Tourist, Marketing
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 306 - 314

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to assess the 'push' and 'pull' factors drive Jordanian tourists to travel abroad. Quantitative methodology was employed, consisting of a self-administered questionnaire that involved inviting a convenience sample of 500 outbound Jordanian tourists in 2013. The results of this study revealed that the main push motivations for the respondents were ‘enjoyment’, ‘novelty’, ‘relaxation’,and ‘escape’. Whereas, the main factors underpinning pull motivations for the respondents were ‘the Nature and nice weather’, ‘historical and heritage attractions’, followed by ‘the interesting activities’. However, the outcomes of this study can play a vital role in helping the managers and marketers in different tourism sectors in Jordan to develop the marketing and management of tourism resources to decrease the numbers of Jordanian traveling overseas.

Heroism Tools in the Omayyad Poetry

en
Authors: Al-Moutaz Bellah Hamdi Mansor
Keywords: Heroism Tools, Omayyad Poetry
Publication year: 2014
Pages: 315 - 336

Abstract

From the early ages, poetry convoyed Arabs life expressing their hopes and grief. It also described Arabs heroic actions and feats. This study is about the details of heroism in the Omayyad Poetry revealing its forms, reasons as well as its tools. Moreover, the study pores over the technical features of poetry in the Omayyad period. It was concluded that extrapolate chisels and poems were studied them, embodied the vision of clear picture of features which elements represent a valuable Semitic, and ideals, such as courage, chastity, and the dream, firmness, patience, and fulfillment, also includes tournament acts of the heroin of the Umayyad period, and represented in his behavior and his actions, such as war tournament, starring generosity. The study revealed a number of tools and material used by the heroUmayyad show starring and consolidation, such as; sword, spear, horses, shield, pots, lighting the fire, and the barking of dogs, has strengthened its relationship with these tools, giving it much attention.