Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2019

ISSN 1026-3721

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Trading Activity and Price Movement in Egypt, The Time of The Ayyubid (69-648A.H/1173-1250A.D)

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Authors: Fawzi Khalid Tawahya
Keywords: Trade, Monetary, Egypt, Ayyubid State
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This study tries to identify the commercial activity of Egypt during the Ayyubid era and clarifies the factors influencing it, as well as, its impact on the treasury of the Ayyubid state both on terms of the commercial returns on that activity or the taxes that levied by the state from the traders. The study also tried to clarify the movement of prices of goods and factors affecting its rise and fall both in terms of supply and demand and in terms of the climatic factors or agricultural pests, or the monetary policy of the state that deeply affected the fluctuation in the prices commodity due to the manipulation of the coinage.

The Significance of Privative (Lao – Conditional particle) in the Efforts of Grammarians and Rationalist Scholars

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Authors: Imad Ahmad Al-Zabn
Keywords: Grammarians, Rationalist Scholars, Lao
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This study assumes that the expression of grammarians of (lao) significance is true, (lao) indicates the privation of the content of the result depending upon condition, because of the privation of the content of the condition, But it adds a reference of the principle of equal proportion of Commons between two parties of condition in the significance of (lao), for limiting the reasoned, I mean that result depending upon condition, in the causality of condition. This study has shown that, there is a difference about the meaning of Hypothetical clause between the Grammarians theory and Rationalist Scholars theory, and in the theory of Grammarians, the correlation in the (lao) significance, and the causality of its condition, be through external reality, and not through the logical correlation rules, as the theory of Rationalist Scholars, and this difference guides to the solution of many objections about the expression of Grammarians. This study concludes to the scientific results through presentation of scientists theories about the significance of (lao), and through the analysis of these theories by Grammarians method, and Rationalist Scholars method. This study summarizes that the importance of linguistic studies of abstraction of other elements of sciences, which may mislead the results of linguistic studies, and sum up that the importance of linguistic research by the method of grammarians and linguists.

Category Linguistic between Acceptability and Preference Language Lousy Model

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Authors: Omar Abunawas
Keywords: Category Linguistic, Acceptability, Preference, Lousy Model
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This study aims at looking of the rankings at linguists for patterns of language between acceptability and preference by focusing on the poor patterns of language. The study began talking about the term of lousy language in linguistic studies concept and origination, and then offered the standards of poor Language, which was to keep away from measurement. Patterns that have addressed the poor judgment and analysis in accordance with the two-tier voice and morphological, and concluded a conclusion offered the most important findings.

The Trends Toward Music Exhibited by the Students of Musical Arts at the University of Jordan

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Authors: Nidal Nusairat , Ayman T. Hussein
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Spoken and Written Arabic of Israeli Arabs, Mutual Influences with Modern Hebrew Language

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Authors: Hassan Ahmad Hassan
Keywords: Linguistic Interference, Hebrew, Arabic, Israeli Arabs
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This study aims to study the significant Israeli Hebrew influence on the Arabic spoken and written natively by Israeli Arabs (Arab 48). It aims to shed light on the sociolinguistic situation of Arabic in Israel, by reviewing the complex situation of linguistic diglossia and Linguistic Interference in these two Semitic languages. Israeli Arabs, and Israeli Jews, who are speakers of Hebrew, have daily contact in many fields of life. These two languages are in close contact, and thereby many mutual influences are enabled between them. As a result, a great deal of mutual linguistic influence is observed in each language. This study shows that Hebrew elements are very widespread in all linguistic fields of the Arabic spoken by Israeli Arabs. Israeli Hebrew lexical items have permeated all areas of professional, educational, administrative, Economical, and social activities in everyday life discourse in all styles and registers of the spoken language and, to a lesser extent, written language.

The Sedition of Al-Ghaz and Sultan Seljuk Singer (548-552 AH /1153 – 1157 AD)

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Authors: Mohammad Kh. Momani
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Revelations of Intertextual Relationships in the Last Divan of Mahmoud Darwish Titled "I Don't Want this Poem to Come to an End"

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Authors: Ahmad zuhair Rahahleh
Keywords: Intertextual, Arabic poetry, Mahmoud Darwish
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This research tries to detect Intertextual in the last divan of Mahmoud Darwish titled "I Don't Want this Poem to Come to an End" and to discuss its structures and manifestations, exceeding the limits of the stylistic and abstract phenomenon to clarify the functional, technical and aesthetic value achieved by this touch in his poems. The poet draws the origins of the poem from a variety of letters and miscellaneous academic resources. The sides of the poem manipulate the human dimension and constitute a mosaic literary text, which is comprehensive in the light of the poet's insight.

Poetry of Ibn Al-Labbanah to Al-Muutamed Ibn Abbad

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Authors: Ragda Al-Zboon
Keywords: Ibn Al-Labbanah, Al-Muutamed Ibn Abbad
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This paper aims at investigating the poetry composed by Ibn Al-Labbanah Ad-Dani in Al-Muutamed Ibn Abbad, who is considered one of the most famous kings in the Andalusi era, after his ordeal and incidence in captivity. The paper is an attempt to explore the motives of Ibn Al-Labbanah’s great loyalty to Ibn Abbad. In addition, it reveals the themes of the poetry composed in this regard, which discuss three aspects. The first aspect is the prestigious position of Ibn Al-Labbanah in Ibn Abbad’s life. Secondly, feeling sorrow at the change of his status and prestige after the demise of the kingdom of Bani Abbad. Finally keeping faith with Al-Muatamed Ben Abbad and feeling sorrow to him and to things happened to him after the demise of his kingdom and being in captivity. The research concludes to demonstrate the privacy of poetry of Ibn–Al-Labanah’s that reveals the relationship which connected him with Ibn Abbad. It also reflected this close relationship clearly in his poems and clarified his loyalty and sincerity.

Dialectical Relationship between Music and Drama

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Authors: Ali Abdullah
Keywords: Music, Drama, Opera
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Play music and drama an influential role in life since the beginning of man's first , where the associated beliefs and old formed a large portion of them , but it crystallized more clearly with the emergence of human civilizations and became its role more effectively , since the era of the ancient Greeks to the present time has become their relationship relationship coherent and sustained not limited to celebrations and events and holidays and rituals , but took their place on stage and contributed to the community building and development. The study reviews the relationship between art music and art of the drama and the emergence of all of them, are discussed in this context march creative figures additional professional exceptional bringing together between the peculiarities of thought, music and drama: (Richard Wagner), and (Bertolt Brecht), and the achievements of each , in the fields of music, drama, opera and art, especially since both artists have to deal with this art in a special way, with the most prominent recognition to their work and play Ntegathma intellectual, philosophical, and their impact on the movement of modern theater and contemporary methods of musical composition. The study draws a number of factors specific to each of the artists and participants between the two being the two schools represent important in the history of modern global culture and her career.

Social Pressures: The Available Flexibility- and The Desired Changes Experimental Study on the Mobility in the Jordanian Community 2012-2013

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Authors: Tarek Abu Hazeem
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Coping Mechanisms of Poor Urban Women

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Authors: Raniah A. Jabr
Keywords: Poor Urban Women, Coping Mechanisms, Poverty Culture
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

The study aimed at identifing the coping mechanisms of poor urban women in order to meet the basic needs for her family, and to reveal her social, economical and health characteristics. The study relied on survey sample consists of 136 poor women, representing 13.8% of study population, who receive cash assistance from the National Aid Fund in Zarqa. Simple statistical methods used to analyze the data. The results show diversity of the coping mechanisms used by the urban poor women, mainly through socially accepted mechanisms such as rationing in consumption, reduce spending and optimal investment of resources. In addition some other passive mechanisms such as altruism and absence of investment in human resources. The study recommends consideration to urban poor women characteristics and coping mechanisms in the design and selection of poverty reduction programs and projects, supporting particularly social viability mechanisms.

Reproaching and Threatening Kalifs in the Umayyad Poetry: “Motives and Results”

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Authors: Mufleh Al-Fayiz
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

The Grand Vizier Ibrahim Pasha: Study in his Political Role (898 AH/ 1520 AD – 942 AH/ 1536 AD)

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Authors: Eman abdRahman Hayajneh
Keywords: Pargali Ibrahim Pasha the grand vizier, Sultan Suleiman the lawgiver, Kanun Nama Egypt, Battle of Mohács
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Pargali Ibrahim Pasha (899AH/1492 AD – 942AH/1536AD) was the first grand vizier in the Ottoman Empire, and was appointed by Sultan Suleiman the lawgiver who granted him broad power and state positions which brought up the envy of the other ministers. However, this close relationship had come to an end when Sultan Suleiman had ordered to kill his childhood and best friend Ibrahim Pasha. The importance of this study stems from its goal to demonstrate the political role of the grand vizier Ibrahim Pasha through covering his early life, his role on organizing Egypt’s affairs by putting a status law called “Kanun Nama” after the administrative and military chaos that was left by the Mamluks disobedience movements, and his role in the Battle of Mohács (932 AH/ 1526 AD) and the Iraqs Campaign between (940 AH/ 1533 AD and 941 AH/1534 AD) with the Safavids. The study also demonstrated the importance of the grand vizier Ibrahim Pasha in the Ottoman history in expanding and extending the borders of the Ottoman Empire to reach the Baghdad in the east and the walls of Vienna in the west, and his role in connecting the Ottoman Empire with the west and changing their perspective in the development of institutions and formations of the Ottoman Empire, which was as contemporary as what their countries had. The study mentions his execution in (942 AH/ 1536 AD) and the reasons behind Sultan Suleiman’s decision.

Media Diversity in the Pronunciation Training in Large Groups of Learners. Evaluation of a German Pronunciation Training

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Authors: Renata Asali-van der Wal
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Problems Faced by English-Speaking Students When Learning Verbs Associated with Tense and Aspect in the Arabic Language

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Authors: Basma Ahmad Sedki Dajani , Mohammad Aref Ali
Keywords: Arabic language, English language, Concordance, Tense, Aspect, Grammar
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

This study seeks to provide a detailed comparative analysis of verbs denoting tense and aspect in both Arabic and English, and is designed to monitor errors in the use of verbs associated with tense and aspect by English-speaking learners of Arabic. This will be achieved through a study that characterizes the mistakes made by a group of American and British middle-level students studying at the Military Institute of Languages, who represent the study sample. Moreover, the results of such an analysis will be utilized in teaching such verbs to English-speaking students and the development of rules and regulations that limit the occurrences of students making such mistakes by guiding teachers and curriculum developers.

Jordanian Learners’ Acquisition of English Nominal-Phrase Premodification

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Authors: Khaled Abdullah Al Anbar
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

The Image Construction in the Case of IbnArabi and Jala-u-ddin Al-Roumi

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Authors: Noor M. Qudah
Keywords: Poetry, Artistic Images, Defamiliarization, Simile, Symbol, Sophism
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Numerous studies tackled the works of the greatest Sufi poets in Arab and Persian countries. Two of these Sufi poets are Ibnarabi and Jala-u-ddin Al-roumi. Research on these two poets and their works focused on the thought of their poets as it played a remarkable effect on that of the SufiSchool. However, this paper focuses on the artistic aspects of the works of these two Sufi poets since their poetry played a poetic and artistic rather than a spiritual effect. The study has taken into consideration the general elements of the artistic image, and the extent it meets the artistic needs, balance among the general elements or if one element overshadows another, their interaction with the text, the spiritual occasion and poetic objectives. The importance of artistic images in the case of these two poets, in particular, and Sophist poets, in general, lies in that they shed light, to some extent, on the intended meanings which are revealed by such images. Such artistic images stand as a source of energy in poetry and enable readers to explore the experience that the two poets experienced. Furthermore, they also reveal the artistic potentials of the poets in employing them to express the intended meaning.

The Security Theory Administrative Governor

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Authors: Malik Hani Khraisat
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Elements of Harmony in Marital Life and its Relationship to Social Factors: A Study on a Sample of Couples Working in The Public Schools in Northern Jordan

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Authors: Yousef Damen Al khataybeh
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Entre le bien et le mal: dire le social à travers des proverbes. Analyse d’un feuilleton de Fahmi Abd el-Hamid, Wardachane, fille de Sultan, et Mando, fils d’éboueur (1986), inspiré des Mille et une Nuits

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Authors: Waël Ghassab RABADI , Najib RABADI
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract

Abstract

Temporality: Contextualizing Experience in DeLillo’s Falling Man

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Authors: Nath Aldalala’a
Keywords:
Publication year: 2015
Pages: -

Abstract