Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 43, Issue 1 Supplement 5

Analyzing the Population Change in the University District (Amman) During the Period (1979 – 2012) Using Geographical Information Systems

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Authors: Mai Mohammad Alsadi , Hamzah Ali Khawalda
Keywords: Population Change, GIS, The University District, Amman.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 1 - 33

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine population change in the ‘University District’ in Amman and to analyze its trends and causes during the last three decades. Changes in population growth and distribution were also examined. The study results are based on published population data in the general censuses for the years 1979, 1994 and 2004 and the population estimations for 2012 offered by Department of Statistics (Jordan). The results of this study, based on the demographic statistical methods used in this study and GIS, includes: the number of population has increased by 9 times for the period 1979 – 2012 as a result of high natural increase within the study area first and net migration; and a high population density in some areas within the University District such as Al-Jubiaha and Tila’ Al-Ali, which was shown using many cartographic method such as dot density maps, choropleth density maps, Kernel density maps, Mean center of population and Lorenz curve.

NATO's role in the Middle East and North Africa 1990-2013

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Authors: Khair Salim Diabat
Keywords: NATO, MENA, NATO- Mediterranean Dialogue, Istanbul Cooperation Initiative.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 34 - 50

Abstract

This study examines the evolution of NATO's role in the Middle East and North Africa since its inception until the end of 2013. It is based on the premise, that there is an evacuative correlation between the growing security threats in the Middle East and North Africa and the growing role of NATO in this region. In this study, the researcher have opted for "an historical analytical Approach" as one of the methodological tools that best fit to the topic. The study concludes that this role evolved two historical phases: The first phase (1949-1990) characterized by the absence of NATO's engagement in the region. In contrast, the second phase (1990-2013) has been marked by active NATO's engagement in the region through several indicators like building security partnerships with a number of countries in the region (the NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue 1994 and the The Istanbul Cooperation Initiative 2004), and the rise of military NATO's missions as well as the extensive presence of military bases for NATO members in the Region. The study also presents a deep analysis of reasons responsible for this evolution, and explains the most important obstacles that may prevent the expansion of this role.

The Role of the Women of Jerusalem in Serving al-Ḥadīth during the Ayyubid and the Mamluk eras

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Authors: Fuad Abdel Raheem Duwaikat
Keywords: Woman, Jerusalem, Ḥadīth, Ayyubid, Mamluk.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 51 - 64

Abstract

This paper studies the role of the Muslim women of Jerusalem in serving al-Ḥadīth during the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. The study concentrates on the religious status of Jerusalem and its mark on scholarship. Also, the researcher studies the scholar movement in the city of Jerusalem during the Crusades. Another issue studied in this paper is the scholar life and activity in the city of Jerusalem during the Ayyubid and Mamluk eras, in addition to the activeness of the women of Jerusalem in scholarship. The study concentrates also on the women of Jerusalem who worked in al-Ḥadīth, and studied the scholarly environment where they lived. It divided the women scholars of al-Ḥadīth into two categories: those who were originally from Jerusalem, and those who migrated to Jerusalem.

Evidence Rhetorical Weighting between Interpretations When Ibn Al Atheer in Almathal Alsaer Book Critical Study Analytical

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Authors: Fayez Maddallah Althunibat
Keywords: Evidence Shootout, Rhetoric, When Ibn Al Atheer Interpretation, Context, Rules Fundamentalism.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 65 - 81

Abstract

This study discusses the effort undertaken by Ibn al-Atheer in interpretation and try to shoot out between the interpretations based on the evidence rhetorical. Where work on this study follows the curriculum of Ibn al-Atheer in shootout and reasoning and focus their attention on the clues provided by the shoot-out , is also trying to divide these clues and cognitive knowledge assets and the methodology. It has adopted son ether in Trgihath fundamentalist rules are known, as well as the rules of cash and was one of the literary diligence. As discussed by the varied texts: from Quranic verses and sayings of the Prophet , and the lattice models and prose. It is evidence that appeared to the researcher include: the presumption of context, and the context of the breakdown of the text , and psychological context. As well as the presumption of good taste for eloquence and rhetoric , and this presumption depends on the taste of cash and common rhetorical. Then the load on the presumption of metaphor and metonymy. Finally, mental context

Pronoun and its Semantic Proportion in Abdul-Karim Al-Karmi Poetry

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Authors: Mohammad M. Al-Qtawi
Keywords: Pronoun, Abdul-Karim Al-Karmi, Poetry.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 82 - 102

Abstract

This research aims at study the pronoun and its semantic proportion in the poetry of Abdul-Karim Al-Karmi (Abu Salma). We studied fourteen poems of his poems, and we choose several poems that including the pronoun with its several types: absentee addressee, joint and separated, which seemed to us that the phenomenon of pronoun emerged distinctly that worthy of study. This study shows us beyond any reasonable doubt that the pronoun of the speaker at Al-Karmi both for single or group has acquired a distinctive privacy, which is pride and boasting of belonging to the homeland, and then hope that flirts the poet eyelids in triumphant return, and that this pronoun has gained strength through the specific context that placed in.

The Musical Patterns in Ali Bin Jabala's Verse Eid Hamad Al-Krisha*

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Authors: Eid Hamad Al-Krisha
Keywords: This study aims at showing the external and internal music
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 103 - 118

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aims at showing the external and internal music in the poet's verse. In this study, I pointed out the external music regarding meteres preferred in his poetry and their derivation .In addition, I stated the internal music found in his verse as a result of using the most cute and ornamented lexis applied spontaneously. This spreads a musical atmosphere in a regular and exciting way.

The Motif of Melancholy in Poetry of Tayseer Al-Sboul

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Authors: Ibrahim Mansour Al-Yaseen
Keywords:
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 119 - 128

Abstract

Abstract Readers of Tayseer Al-Sboul’s Divan, entitled “Desert Melancholy” clearly observe melancholy permeating most of the poems, in their diction, phrases and figurative language, which has become a remarkable phenomenon in Al-Sboul’s poetry. This study aims at exploring melancholy in the divan, defining its nature and causes in addition to the way Al-Sboul expresses it and deals with it.

The Stylistic Structures in Ibn Zaydoon's "Siniyyah"

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Authors: Nasir Y. Jaber
Keywords: The Stylistic Structures, Ibn Zaydoon's.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 129 - 140

Abstract

There have been many critical attempts to explore old poetic texts through modern critical tools, using modern critical approaches as structural, de-constructional, stylistic and others. These approaches have shown its ability to explore the deep aspects of the poetic text, to analyze it critically, away from attempting to hover around the text in order to nail the ideas and knowledge in it. If each text requires a critical approach which fits to it; stylistic studies proved to be a suitable key for many poetic texts, no matter if it is old or modern. This study only represents an attempt to study critically an old poetic text using a stylistic approach targeting the structures of it, in an attempt to de-construct them, and stand on its internal mobility, through characterization and reasoning, and detecting the statement of its role in the mobility of the text and its universe, in order to uncover its aesthetic structures that contribute significantly to attract the reader to its amazing prospects.

Abu Sa’eed Alsukkary's Point of Views in Plurals in Alhuthaliyeen’s Poetry: an Analysis and Study

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Authors: Reem Farhan Alma’ayta
Keywords: Abu Sa’eed Alsukkary, plurals, Alhuthaliyeen’s poetry.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 141 - 151

Abstract

Abu Sa’eed Alsukkary's is one of the greatest scholars who investigated poets, poetry, poetry works, and made several poetry collections (dawaween) for many tribes. This research examines the explanation that Alsukkari had presented about Alhuthaliyeen’s poetry where he included many cases that deserve studying and investigating along with his opinions in language, syntax, and morphology. What astonished my was his opinions in plurals where many views were reported but without the need to break any barriers. I will focus here on the plurals that looked similar in his works but not following the customary works of the Arabs; those are plural of no singular, uncustomary plural, singular instead of plural, singular and plural in one word, using plural for dual, and using singular as plural. The methodology used in this work will be based on presenting the point of views of Alsukkari and then examining it thoroughly through dictionary references. The researcher will also look into the books of syntax, language, and morphology and any other related source then discussing these opinions in details for the sake of putting things into their perspectives. It became clear to the researcher that some of the opinions of Alsukkari were approved by the linguists later, but they reported these opinions without crediting him because it is well known or because they opposed him in some of those. As mentioned in the research.

The Contributions of Mohammad Bin Alhanafyyah to the Arab Islamic

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Authors: Sulayman Salem Al-Sarayrah
Keywords: Mohammad Bin Alhanafyyah, Arab Islamic State.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 152 - 168

Abstract

This paper provides an investigation, an analysis, and an evaluation for the contributions of Mohammad Bin Alhanafyyah who was one of the most prominent figures in the history of the Islamic era especially during the end of the first caliphate period and the beginning of the Umayyad caliphate period. In the light of the historical resources available for the researcher, it was concluded that this prominent figure contributed to many events especially those that took place during the caliphate period. It was also concluded that he also witnessed many important events during the caliphate period of Alhassan and his abdication of the caliphate to Muawyyah. Moreover, he witnessed the conflict between the Umayyads and Alhusein, the brother of Alhassan, which ended in the murderer of the latter. Mohammed Bin Alhanafyyah was an eyewitness on all of those events until he died in 8 A.H.

Abu Ghassan Mohammed bin Yahya Al-Madani and his Lost Book " Medina News

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Authors: Yasir Ahmad Noor
Keywords: Abu Ghassan Al-Madani, News.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 169 - 183

Abstract

Privacy pushed religious and cultural importance to the city of Medina historians to pay attention to what is covered by history for each of the Homes and monuments of the cultural and geographical features, in addition to what happened from the facts and political events. One of the pioneers of historians, Mohammed bin Yahya deceased civil end of the second century or the beginning of the third century AH, through his Lost book " Medina News ". When it became clear to the researcher that there is no previous study of this subject, and that was the motive chosen to be the subject of research and study.

The Clear Way for Exclamation from White and Black Colours in Arabic Language

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Authors: Nasser Ibrahim Alnoeimi
Keywords: Exclamation, White, Black.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 184 - 195

Abstract

This research deals with the possibility of exclamation from only the white and the black colours in Arabic language directly¸ because the two famous grammatical schools (the – kufeian and the- Basreian) contrast each other in this issue. The kufeian school supports the direct exclamation from the two colours while the Basreian school prevents it. Both The kufeian and the Basreian methods gives the meaning of exclamation but the Basreian opinion agrees with the standard linguistic criteria. This study accepts both opinions of the two groups. We conclude That the Kufeian School achieves the basic meaning of exclamation while the Basreian method is more stimulative and attractive than the kufeian method.

Repetition in Hassan’s poem “Tataawala bil-Khamman”

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Authors: Khaled Abdel Raouf Al-Jabr
Keywords: pure repetition, non pure repetition, horizontal and vertical repetition
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 196 - 206

Abstract

This research approaches the repetition in Hassan’s poem “Tataawala bil-Khamman”. The researcher studies pure and non-pure repetition, at two levels: the horizontal, and the vertical; noting an indicative difference between the repetition of letters and words and sentences, and the repetition of the meaning incarnated in repeating synonymous and mental status. Then the researcher explores the repetition of formulas and styles.

The Communication via Social Networking Sites and its impact on the Political Participation of Youth

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Authors: Abdulaziz Ali Hasan
Keywords: Communication, Networking Sites, Youth, Political participation
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 207 - 230

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to measure the effect of SNSs on the political participation of youth (aged from 18 to 35 years) in the Egyptian presidential election 2012. Data has been collected before and after the election through the electronic questionnaire and the size of samples was 600 and 500 users. Based on data analyses with SPSS, results show that there are significant impacts of communication, collaboration and material sharing on the political participation before the primary election, while there are significant impacts of collaboration and material sharing on the political participation but there is no significant impact of communication on the political participation after the primary election. And there are no significant impacts of demographic variables (age, education, monthly income of family and marital status) on the political participation of social networking sites users before and after the primary election, and there is a significant impact of gender on the political participation before the primary election, where the political participation of males is higher than females, but there was no significant impact of gender on the political participation after the primary election.  

Modalities for the Use of Social Selves to the Private Urban Space

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Authors: Shehab Al-Yahyawi
Keywords: Planned Change, Intentional Change, Oriented Change, Formal Change, Spontaneous Change, Informal Change, Constance, Stability, Continuity, Progress, Social Agent, Social Actor, Refusal, Resistance, Innovation, Change, Constraints, Negotiation, Spacial Liv
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 231 - 252

Abstract

This article is extracted from our study Sociomorphology: the distribution of urban space and social change: Hafsid city model. Find tended to approach from the perspective of urban space hosted by the use of social selves that move and live and interact within and across urban space and communicate with others and with itself through space as a symbolic address the cultural identities of the place and social channel continues to take a symbolic turn. A humble deepens Search given the cultural approach to space urban today and what is produced by a dynamic interaction symbolic and socio - a cultural guide to the morphology and architectural space of the city Arab Islamic day of the phenomena Perhaps the most important of the overlap between the rural and urban and between the traditional and the modern, duplication and clear on both the aesthetic and artistic and architectural. We have adopted the Tunisian Hafsid of the country as an example of being a city with a historic character and reveals the research, including many urban pathological phenomena identity, the identity of cultural and historical affiliation.

Abstract

The factors that influence precipitation in northern Jordan were extracted from geographic variables using Principal Component-based GIS analysis. The analysis was carried out on a cell basis, where interpolation of the amount of precipitation was performed using a thin spline method and the elevation surface using an Inversed Distance Weighted (IDW) method. The examined variables were elevation above sea level, slope, aspect, and geographical location (east coordinates and north coordinates) all over the study area. The results showed a positive correlation between the amount of precipitation and slope and the amount of precipitation and elevation, while a negative correlation was existed with geographical location. The latter variable seems to have no effect on the amount of precipitation in the region or either its distribution.

Deglottalization in Jordanian Arabic: Syntax-Prosody Interface

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Authors: Ayman R. Yasin , Ibtisam M. Hussein
Keywords: Arabic, Syntax-Prosody Interface, Edge Marking, Deglottalization, Phonology.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 263 - 271

Abstract

Deglottalization occurs when a word starts with the definite article hamzatu l-waSl 'connective glottal stop' and in some noun and verb cases. In this paper, we address deglottalization in Jordanian Arabic (JA) from the standpoint of syntax-prosody interface. We study the mapping of syntactic phrases onto phonological ones. We argue that JA marks left edges of phonological phrases in the case of deglottalization. We discuss the role of epenthesis in easing the transition between words when the first ends with a closed syllable. We also maintain that Arabic resorts to compensating the deleted syllables so as to preserve the structure of syllables before the application of the rule; the syllable produced after deglottalization has the same structure as that of the definite article before the application of deglottalization.

The Translator as a Fictional Character in the Works of Arab Women Writers in Diaspora

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Authors: Yousef Awad
Keywords: Arab writers in diaspora, fictional translators, identity, Nada Awar Jarrar, Sabiha Al Khemir.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 272 - 283

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the way in which the character of the translator is depicted in the works of two Arab women writers in diaspora. Specifically, I argue that the protagonist of Arab Australian novelist Nada Awar Jarrar’s Dreams of Water (2007) and that of Arab British novelist Sabiha Al Khemir’s The Blue Manuscript (2008) find in their profession as translators fertile grounds for questioning their hyphenated identities. In other words, living in-between cultures and working as translators give Jarrar’s Aneesa and Al Khemir’s Zohra an opportunity to explore the possibilities/limitations their in-between positions open for them to contribute to founding and maintaining a common ground for cross-cultural exchange and interaction. At the same time, Aneesa and Zohra are aware of the precarious position they occupy as cultural mediators: each protagonist undergoes processes of acculturation and hybridization that ultimately stimulate her to re-define her identity, re-examine her politics of location and negotiate the incongruities of her daily experiences. Their knowledge of their home cultures and their experiences in diaspora alongside their professional position as translators mediate their understanding of seemingly unfathomable fragmented and fractured lived experiences. The two translators in the two novels realize that their identities are as malleable and mutable as the texts they work hard to faithfully render as transparent, lucid and accurate as possible.

Qu'est-ce que l'utopie?

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Authors: Laith Khaled IBRAHIM
Keywords: l'utopie.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 284 - 294

Abstract

Le mot "utopie" est très usité et nous le retrouvons quasiment sous toutes les plumes. Un mot qui sonne à nos oreilles en laissant un écho lointain venant de nulle part, d'un autre monde qui n'est pas le nôtre. Un mot dont nous ne connaissons pas le sens exact. Nous l'utilisons pour désigner tout ce qui est impossible et tout ce qui est inadmissible. Au fil des siècles, ce mot s'est développé, s'est répandu et s'est épanoui. Le mot "Utopie" est né avec Thomas More au XVIe siècle pour représenter une nouvelle organisation sociale et une nouvelle vie idéale. Il s’agit de retracer sans cette recherche l’origine du mot « utopie » et ses développements à travers les siècles en partant du nom propre jusqu’à sa reconnaissance comme genre littéraire précis. Il s’agit de traiter également la notion de l’utopie en tant que mode de réflexion politique et en tant que mode littéraire afin de pouvoir dégager une définition précise de ce terme.

Considering Minted Islamic Money A Genuine Resource for Information in Islamic History

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Authors: M. Al-Anaswah
Keywords: Islamic Minted Money, Ancient Writings, Currency.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 295 - 308

Abstract

The Islamic minted money is considered to be a genuine mirror for the Islamic history if we consider it a record for the incidents happened in the Islamic history. At the same time it reveals to people the kind of writing and the name of country it was minted in.It gained its importance fromit's role in transferring to us the ancient incidents and people lived in the past.