Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 43, Issue 3

التحولات الحديثة في تجارة التجزئة في مدينة عَمّان: مكة مول وسيتي مول حالة دراسيّة

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Authors: Hamzah Khawaldah , Rasha Abu Rukba , Nasim Barham
Keywords: تجارة التجزئة، مكة مول، سيتي مول، مراكز التسوق، عمان.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 1 - 22

Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى دراسة تطور تجارة التجزئة في مدينة عمان، ومعرفة التحولات الحديثة فيها، ودراسة توزيع مراكز التسوق ووظائفها ومناطق الجذب الخاصة بها. وقد تم تصميم استبانة، للحصول على المعلومات المطلوبة لتخدم أغراض البحث، وزعت عشوائياً على عينة ممثلة من الم

Demographic transition and economic and social development in Jordan

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Authors: Ahmad Al-Khawaldeh
Keywords: الانتقال الديمغرافي، الفرصة السكانية.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 23 - 35

Abstract

Demographic transition theory is considered as alogical scientific diagnosis of the transition and changeable population stages according specific models through specific time and cohorts ,Most demographers agreed on three demographic stages: First stage: has high birth and high death rates reflect on low population growth rate. Second stage: birth rat show stability to some extent ,while death rats gradually decreasing ,this reflects on low population growth rate. Third stage: each of birth and death rates are decreasing followed by decreasing population growth rate. Jordan now is consider in the third stage of demographic transition Jordan had witnessed the three demographic stages ,Jordan passed the first stag in which both of fertility and mortality levels were high. Jordan transferred to the second stage in which fertility levels were staple but started to decreased gradually while mortality levels decreased highly and resulted on population explosion. Jordan passed to the three stage of demographic transition in which both of fertility and mortality levels are decreased as a result of socio-economic development as Tunisia ,Morocco, Lebanon,Egypt ,Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan. Population opportunity in Jordan is located in the third stage of demographic transition, as abig change of population age structure transfered from small age intervals to labour force age intervals

The Interior Design Between Art and Craft

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Authors: Mutasem Azmi Al-Karablieh
Keywords: Keywords: Interior Design, Quality, Art, Craft
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 36 - 43

Abstract

Abstract The modern interior design must be based on a set of theories that controls the qualities of the production, in the sense of creative thought, which lead the craft production in the framework of design, and makes them even unique in vision to reflect the technical and aesthetic originality. Interior design for commercial shops on the grounds that involves the intellectual logic reacts in consistency and compatibility with the practical and applied side, all reflected in its legibility aesthetic. It is possible by addressing sources of studies on the subject of art and craft to connect with design theories of the architects and artists of the twentieth century, such as, Johannes Itten, Walter Groupies, Mies Van Dewrohe. They reach through their experiences on materials and modern technologies to new concepts through the revolution that they have done on the classical tradition. Also they adopted the teachings of the Bauhaus that based on practical experience with an emphasis on the use of raw materials and new techniques. And here came the first statement, which announced by Bauhaus school emphasized the art is not a profession and that the architects, photographers, and sculptors should realize traits of the building as being a stand-alone feature, as the statement stressed that the absence of substantial differences between the artist and craftsman. And that in order to determine the general framework of the theory of applied design based on original creative aesthetics.

Contemporary Hebrew literature; Arabs of 48; writers; Shammas; Kashu’

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Authors: Mahmoud Sanad Amarat , Yahia Matalqah
Keywords: Contemporary Hebrew literature; Arabs of 48; writers; Shammas; Kashua
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 44 - 61

Abstract

The literary works in Israel are written by different authors of different generations, cultural, geographical and ideological references. These works provide a vision by which the Israel scene the author visualizes can be read in details. These works affect those authors. There are Palestinian Arab authors who stayed in their country during the Nakbah of 1948 (Day of the Catastrophe). After the establishment of Israel state, they became citizens. However, they kept their national loyalty to Palestine. The difficult circumstances they lived during the Israel occupation pushed them to learn Hebrew, to master it, and to study the Jewish culture. In addition, these circumstances urged some of the authors and poets to write their works in Hebrew, and they addressed Jewish by Hebrew in an attempt to express the suffering of the Arabs of 48 in Israel. This study aims to define Arabs of 48 and their cultural and linguistic reality. It also aims to answer questions such as: What are the reasons behind writing in Hebrew? Who are the most prominent authors? What are the popular works they wrote in Hebrew? To what extent, do Israeli or Arabs accept these works? This study also sheds light on the curriculum vitae of two popular authors: Anton Shammas and Sayed Kashu’.

THE SOCIOCULTURAL COMPONENTS of BODY IMAGE APPLYING SOCIOLOGY of the BODY' ISSUES on a SAMPLE of JORDANIAN FEMALES

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Authors: Mohammad Al-Hourani
Keywords: Keywords: body image, satisfaction, instrumentalism, value judgments, cultural stresses
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 62 - 78

Abstract

This study aimed at revealing the sociocultural components of body image for Jordanian females. Five sociocultural components of body image were derived from the theoretical issues of sociology of the body:1) body image satisfaction. 2) strategies of body image managements. 3) value judgments of body image. 4) instrumentalism of body image. 5) cultural stresses of body image. The sample was included (512) university student females between (18-22) years old, and the data was collected from the universities of north, middle, and the south of Jordan. The results showed, with medium rate responses, that Jordanian females were not satisfied with their body image in terms of length, weight. And appearance of the body. Furthermore, the results showed that Jordanian females have body image strategies like: diet, exercise, visiting nutrition experts. Besides, body image includes value judgments like: the thinner body more attractive, agility, controlling, beauty than obese body. And also, the results revealed that body image associate with instrumentalism which represents in practical interests such as: marriage, obtaining job, engaging in social relationships. In addition, body image includes cultural stresses comes through family members and friends. Furthermore, rural and urban, monthly income of family, and mother education differences were not found suggesting that ideals of body image spread across all social stratums.

The Reasons for Sultan Qaboos University Students falling under Probation

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Authors: Rahma Al-Mahrouqia , Muneer A. Karadsheh
Keywords: الملاحظة الأكاديمية، العوامل الإجتماعية والاقتصادية، العوامل الشخصية، مشكلات الطلبة.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 79 - 96

Abstract

The research specifically aims to study the reasons for Sultan Qaboos University students falling under probation. It was conducted on a sample consists of 620 students who were both males and females. The data was collected by a special electronic questionnaire prepared for this study. It was then analyzed according to the descriptive methodology with the use of SPSS. The results show that there are various important reasons for Sultan Qaboos University students falling under probation. The main reason was because they do not study well during exams. They also do not have the skills of time management. Moreover, they cannot concentrate during lectures and they have difficulties in comprehension. Most of the students confirmed that they face difficulties with exams. In addition, their low levels in English language courses and other general courses make the biggest challenge for them. Key words: under probation, social and economic factors, personal factors, students' problems.

Anwar Abdul-Malik's Cultural Identification and Renaissance Project

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Authors: Mohammad Al-Shayyab
Keywords: renaissance,historic continuity,identification,nationalism
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 97 - 108

Abstract

This paper addresses the cultural vision of Anwar Abdul-malik; one of the Arab thinkers who seek to establish an intellectual viewpoint to retrieve the cultural dimension for the Arab Renaissance Project. To this end, Abdul-Malik tries emphasizes the concepts of identification, historic continuity, and renaissance. Through these all, he presents his vision for the Arab identification which has four dimensions: national unity, federal state, harmony, and social justice which are based on equity and time synchronization. Abdul-malik suggests a cultural project for the Arab nation the associates the Arab history with the current challenges and future vision. According to Abdul-malik, the dilemma of the modern and contemporary Arab thought is not a problem of a transition from occupation and subjugation to independence and social revolution; it is basically the transition from a cultural decline to a cultural renaissance.

Quantitative analysis of the road network in the Mafraq Governorate

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Authors: Ayed Taran , Ziad Mokhamreh
Keywords: النظرية البيانية، الدورانية، الاتصالية، دليل التعرج، سهولة الوصول، دليل شمبل.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 109 - 127

Abstract

This study aims to analyse road network in Mafraq Governorate using graphs theory and some quantitative methods in order to recognize the reality of the road network in terms of the degree of Connectivity and Circuitry and Accessibility and the Detour Index, in addition to the relationship between the lengths of the network and population distribution analysis, the study found that the road network suffers from the low level of connectivity and Circuitry in general, especially after the rural road network exclusion, and the main road network and secondary characterized by integrity rather than emphasize the nature of the plains region, and the study concluded that there is a disparity in the road network distribution within the province and that the lengths of roads ratio does not fit with population ratios, so the study recommended the need to develop to ensure re-distribution of the population and meet their development plans.

A Study of the (The tiger and The fox) Book For Sahl Bin Haroon(215 AH)

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Authors: Insaf Mohmmed AlMomani
Keywords: Sahl Bin Haroon; Book; The tiger & The fox.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 128 - 137

Abstract

Abstract This Study takes (The tiger and the fox )by the writer “sahl bin haroon -215 AH” This book has to be consider as a unique model of prosedy writing by the name of animals languages, which stayed for a long of time until it was found by Dr Abdul kader AL mouhari in the late of the seventeenth of the last century. maybe due to this point there was a few studies about this book. This study is seeking for new presentation to this story, trying to find out the main different motives and impacts that was behind of producing it. Key Words: Sahl Bin Haroon, Book, The tiger & The fox .

Moderation and investment of social networking to disseminate: means and obstacles

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Authors: Abd Al-Ra’oof Bani Issa
Keywords: الوسطية، الإعتدال، شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 138 - 148

Abstract

Abstract Moderation and investment of social networking to disseminate: means and obstacles The study aimed to shed light on the role of information technology and social networking in spreading the culture of moderation among members of the community. The researcher explained the concept of moderation and social networks, and the impact of media networks and social networking in the dissemination of culture and values among the masses. Also, advised to establish a comprehensive electronic library includes content shows the reality of assimilation qualities of moderation, and utilize it in disseminating the moderation concept across these networks. And finally, provide recommendation to overcome the obstacles they face these ways.

Music Teaching Environment in Schools of Jordan “Reality and Challenges”

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Authors: Eve G Sada , Rami Haddad
Keywords: Music Education; Music Teaching; Music Teachers; Reality and Challenges of Music Teaching.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 149 - 161

Abstract

The study mainly aimed to bridge the gaps in the environment of music teaching in schools of Jordan, by studying the reality of music teaching in Jordanian schools from the perspective of teachers themselves. The study also revealed the challenges facing teachers within a music education environment in schools identified by the teachers themselves through a questionnaire survey addressed to music teachers in the public and private schools in Jordan (elementary, middle, and high school level). The researchers collected data and analyzed the results through analytical software program to get statistical data for percentages and averages, mean, and standard deviations. Results have been shown through the procedures of the study that there is a great disparity in the views of teachers and classified according to the study variables that have already been identified which are: Gender, educational qualification, specialization, and the workplace. The study showed that the highest areas which obtained the approval significantly were in the area of moral support for the teacher and the student, especially, under the statement (“I love my profession as a music teacher”) by the approval of (100%), came in the second place a large approval of item (“I enjoy teaching music to the students”) and the percentage of their approval was (97%), and an equal percentage under (“I pay attention to the talented students”). The areas that got significantly non-approval were the questions related to the methodology and the readiness of the teacher. Teachers who have shown approval in the non-use of of the school curriculum were (85%), followed by the percentage of non-approval of (68%) within the scope of availability, especially, with regard to (“Music workbook and materials are available at the school where I work”). After analyzing the results, the researchers came up with conclusions that responded to the survey questions. The researchers provided suggestions, which in turn will help future researchers to conduct research in a variety of fields that have interests in the development of music education in Jordan.

Investing Jordanian Colloquial in Teaching Classical Arabic Morphological Structure (Agent Noun as an Example)

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Authors: Dalal M AlAssaf
Keywords: العربية الفصيحة، العربية العامية، اسم الفاعل، تعليم اللغة العربية للناطقين بغيرها.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 162 - 172

Abstract

This study aims at investigating the common grounds between classical Arabic and Jordanian colloquial in the morphological structure in general and the agent noun in particular, trying to find out to which extent the Jordanian colloquial can be used in teaching the agent noun in classical Arabic. This seems to be possible for native speakers and speakers of other languages, who belong to Arab origins or who have lived in an Arab society to study or work and have learnt its colloquial. This investment is considered to be functional in teaching the morphological structure of Arabic, especially the agent noun, and its connotation. This study made use of analytical-descriptive methodology to uncover the common grounds between Jordanian colloquial and classical Arabic when studying the agent noun. This study also gives examples of using the agent noun in Jordanian colloquial and its equivalent in classical Arabic. This study concludes that there is much in common between Jordanian colloquial and classical Arabic in the morphological structure, especially the agent noun, which encourages more investment in the light of this common ground. This study recommends more investment in colloquial Arabic to facilitate the learning and teaching of classical Arabic with all its lingual aspects: phonetics, morphology, structure, and connotation by studying the common grounds between colloquial and classical Arabic through analytical-descriptive studies. This will facilitate the learning of Arabic for native speakers and speakers of other languages, who know colloquial Arabic, and will also bridge the barriers among the levels of performance in Arabic.

The Ppsychological Aspect of Iirony in Contemporary Arabic Ppoetry: Mohammed Al-Maghout, Mahmoud Darwish, and Ahmed Matar, as Pparadigms.

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Authors: Fatima Hussein Al_Afif
Keywords: The Ppsychological Aspect; Irony; Arabic Ppoetry
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 173 - 185

Abstract

This study aims to clarify the concept of irony, and established its approach to cope with poetic texts and search for what it entails the psychology of its author, and his preparations that qualify him to be a real sarcastic. It also sheds light on the appearance of the "I" poet which represents his ego. The study, also, on the other side of the message of the irony, concerns the receiver /responder of the irony, from the psychological point of view also; it concentrates on the influence of the irony on all his feelings, and not only the feeling of laughter and mocking. It also concerns unrevealed goals of the irony that the receiver of the irony can expect in addition to its normal goal, which is mock. To meet this, the study used the lattice models of the three poets specified in the title, and tried to achieve a lot of written material that shows the relationship between irony and the psychological theories, and tried to discover psychologically the metaphysics of irony.

Reflections on the American Dream in the Views and Songs of Bruce Springsteen

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Authors: Khaled Chouana
Keywords: American Dream; Bruce Springsteen; American reality; Immigrants; Ambivalence; Authenticity
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 186 - 197

Abstract

When promoting his album Wrecking Ball in Paris on 2012, Bruce Springsteen told journalists that his work had always been about judging the distance between American reality and the American Dream. This article explores one major myth of the United States, the American Dream in some songs of Bruce Springsteen and tries to measure the gap between the dream and real life in contemporary America.

Abnormalities in women through the theme of "incest" In ancient and modern Hebrew literature

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Authors: Tayseer Al-Azzam
Keywords: Abnormalities in women,incest" In ancient ,ancient and modern Hebrew literature
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 198 - 212

Abstract

No one reads in the literature of the Arabs in ancient and modern nothing reveal such, no one said that such by him, "incest" were in folk signals and their meanings phenomenon or Batinah, but that such an act when they occur on rare rarity; be in a place of disgust and strangeness and aversion. And alienation are greatest when they contain texts claimed her family they first enter the values in human societies at all, and things remained at the borders only ancient literature; but they found a way in modern literature called his search to retrieve images from the first headwaters with modern images and governance them

The Social Stereotyping of Jews in The Merchant of Venice and The Arabian Nights

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Authors: Mustafa Muhammad BinMayaba
Keywords: Arabian Nights; the Jews; The Merchant of Venice; Shakespeare.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 213 - 222

Abstract

This essay compares depictions of Jewish characters in The Merchant of Venice and The Arabian Nights to reveal the opposing views the two works provide of the internal aspects of their Jewish characters and their behavior towards others. The comparison will focus on the nature of the social relations between the Jewish people and society at large on the one hand and, on the other hand, the intimate relationships among the Jewish characters themselves within their families and communities.

Anti-Papistical Sentiments in Doctor Faustus

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Authors: Nouh Al-Ghazo
Keywords: Christian, Faustus, morality, religion, magician
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 223 - 230

Abstract

This study differs from the researches of modern scholars who attempt to read Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus as a morality or anti-papistical play by arguing that Faustus misquotes the Scriptures and presents clergy as deceptive to show his dissatisfaction with the basic doctrines of Christianity. Faustus, as a doctor of divinity, abandons religion as a way of salvation because he feels that it could not fulfill his desire to live a secular life and reach immortality. As a result, Faustus bargains his soul with the devil in exchange for twenty-four years of living a dissolute life and knowing the secrets of the universe.

The Arabic teacher for non-native speakers: Between readiness and achievement in light of modern linguistics

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Authors: Fatmah AlOmari
Keywords: Teacher, linguistics, student, Arabic for non-native speakers.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 231 - 238

Abstract

This research discusses the role of the Arabic teacher for non-native speakers in the educational process, in terms of his/her ability to represent the dimensions of a societal, cultural aspects, and civilization in general. The paper discusses the importance of the teacher of Arabic to be specialized in language, the impact of his/her culture on his/her effectiveness as a teacher, and it describes the teaching methods that the teacher uses while teaching. The research includes a discussion of the relationship between the Arabic teacher for non-native speakers and their knowledge of socio- linguistics, comparative linguistics and semantics. The research sheds light on the role of the teacher of Arabic for non-native speakers within the context of his/her cultural affiliation and contemporary reality.Moreover, the paper discusses the adequacy of the teacher's knowledge, and culture understanding; in order to clarify the effect on the teacher’s ambitions and what is really possible to achieve.

Classification des verbes performatifs et leurs domaines sémémiques, étude lexico sémantique.

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Authors: Mohamed Al-Matalka
Keywords: Mots clés : verbes performatifs, valeur illocutoire, énonciation, domaine sémémique.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 239 - 245

Abstract

Cette recherche propose de classer les verbes performatifs selon l'orientation de leur portée illocutoire. Nous distinguons les performatifs réflexifs ; ceux qui portent sur l'énonciateur lui-même, et les performatifs non réflexifs ; ceux qui portent sur l'énonciataire. Il est possible de dégager des domaines sémémiques qui organisent le paradigme des verbes performatifs. Nous distinguons ainsi quatre domaines sémémiques, chacun regroupant un certain nombre de verbe qui présentent des affinités quant à leurs valeurs illocutoires : Conseil, Requête, Exigence et Ordre. Mots clés : verbes performatifs, valeur illocutoire, énonciation, domaine sémémique.

Teaching/Learning Jordanians French Language Using Role-Playing Game in the Classroom

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Authors: Batoul M AlMuhaissen
Keywords: role playing, learning French, communication skills
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 246 - 260

Abstract

Role-playing game is a technique or an activity played by fake or real characters in a fictional or fabricated environment by which the foreign language learner does. There are several forms of role-playing game, which can be more or less distinctive by its functions. Role-playing game in particular might be a therapeutic technique, or an educational method and either a delightful activity or a recreational activity. Role-playing game is a simulation of communication and lingual skills performed inside the classroom to learn foreign language and it’s considered as an activity aiming to ease the verbal phrasing of the learner. In this study, we will address the objectives of Role-playing game inside the classroom to learn French as a foreign language and then we will try to propose creative solutions to develop the learner’s lingual skills. As its imperative to have an education that focuses on the games inside the classroom which encourage students to speak French.

Tafila Technical University students' attitudes towards some of the social, political and religious values and issues

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Authors: Eid Subhien , Mohammad Rusa’i , Sulaiman Hajaya
Keywords: Social, Political and Religious dialectical issues, Attitudes, Tafila technical university
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 261 - 273

Abstract

The study aimed to identify the Tafila Technical University students' attitudes towards some of the social, political and religious dialectical issues and values. to achieve this goal has been set up tool for the detection of respondents attitudes toward these values and issues, the validity and reliability of this tool was calculated by appropriate statistical methods, and it consisted in its final form (19) paragraph. The study sample was selected by the randomly stratified way. The results of the study showed that the degree of Tafila University students attitude toward dialectical values and social issues contained in the study tool was high in the overall rate, while the degree of attitude was Medium toward some of these values and social issues. Also the respondents attitude were not affected by gender, specialties and instructional levels, while there were statistically significant differences in the averages of their attitudes attributed to the interaction between these variables differences, therefore the study recommends emphasizing the role of universities in building a system of social, religious and humanitarian values among members of the community.