Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 43, Issue 4

Efforts of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan in the unification of the United Arab Emirates between 1968-1971 AD

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Authors: Mahran Mahmoud Al Zoubi , Abdalmajeed Zaid Alshnnag
Keywords: الكلمات الدالة: الشيخ زايد، الإتحاد، أبو ظبي، الإمارات العربية، بريطانيا.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 1 - 13

Abstract

This study took the efforts of Sheikh Zayed Bin sultan in uniting the United Arab Emirates between 1968 - 1971. It showed a general glimpse about the seven Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Om Alqewean, Fujera, Ras Al Khaymah) then the British efforts to unite them through two stages in 1937 and 1952. After that it talked about the British withdrawal from the Arabian Gulf then the union stages which were: the double unite stage and the nine Emirates unite stage .Then it talked about the dependence in 1971 At the end , it talked about the global reactions and Sheikh Zayed's efforts in uniting the Emirates since the British withdrawal and announcing the United Arab Emirates State in 1971.

Almaqama discourse and dialectic of Literary Genre in maqamat AL Hamdany

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Authors: Ahmad Al-O’roud
Keywords: disscours,maqama,gener
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 14 - 24

Abstract

Almaqama discourse in Classical Arabic literature has constituted a phenomenon which drew attention and left an impact on the nature of the Arab creativity, making this discourse distinctive with creativity and composition. It has been received by the people with admiration, making it a literary genre that has a special form and content. Critics have studied the phenomenon of Almaqama in the context of literary history, and did not consider it as a literary genre with certain dialectic conditions and contexts with other genres - poetry and prose - making this study deal with this subject. The study suggests that Almaqama is a literary genre which has its conditions that are represented in the narrative, rhythm, content and "of the term" which embodied this structure. In order to present the study vision, the genre of Almaqama was discussed within the framework of the theory of global literary genres, which interprets genres according to its form and content, and this was what study sought.

Social worker tasks in social change - social study About societal adjustment for Syrian refugees with the local community -

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Authors: Talal Alqdah
Keywords: Key words: social worker, refugees, social change, community center human rights.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 25 - 41

Abstract

Abstract: The study aimed to identify the tasks, roles and a statement point of view of social workers to adapt to the Syrian refugees and the local community process, Where the researcher was based on quantitative and qualitative approach through comprehensive inventory of Social Workers and the local community with Syrian refugees adapt to the participants in the local community development center program, The volume of the study population (20) social worker , community and refugees (80) participants. Results of the study by social workers responses that the practitioner specialist social service functions in the face of social needs were high, and strongly relative ( 81.3 %) of the beneficiaries were trained and qualified to do their part in community development , and the percentage of households that have benefited from the programs from one institution reached ( 91.3 % ) , while the families that have benefited from more than one institution did not exceed the percentage ( 8.0 % ) , that ( 97.5 %) of the deal refugee families have as one of the local community and permanently , as it helps as much as possible in the construction of social relations , and this is referred to ( 93.8 % ) of the households . According to most families ( 81.3 % ) indicated that they are practice training and assisting refugees and rehabilitation to do their part to get involved in the community as a result of working with social workers , despite the obstacles and difficulties , as well as confirmed ( 88.8 % ) of the households that provide guidance and counseling services to refugees in collaboration with institutions and associations relevant permanently , and ( 81.3 % ) of the households resort and permanently to the social worker for advice in dealing with refugees and all according to his area . The study recommended raising the level of professionalism of social worker working in an international dimension , especially in the field of social work with refugees professional practice , as well as the activation of the social worker roles in professional practice with governmental and non-governmental and international institutions in the face of obstacles that limit the refugees and the local community benefit from social welfare services in a time of crisis , and the importance of faith in the role of the social worker with the involvement of refugee families and communities in the collective public programs to identify their problems and encourage them and help them even feel all societal responsibility and this helps them to increase self- confidence and social worker to address these problems and obstacles .

أثر الأزمة السورية على الأردن

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Authors: Nadia Faleh Alomoush
Keywords: الكلمات الدالة: اللاجئ، الشرق الأوسط، المفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لشؤون اللاجئين.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 42 - 57

Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى تسليط الضوء على التحديات التي رافقت أزمة اللجوء السوري على القطاعات المختلفة في الأردن عبر تحديات داخلية تبين الضغوط المتزايدة التي تعرضت لها البنى التحتية والمصادر الطبيعية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية والأمنية وتحديات خارجية توضح آثار تذبذ

The dialectic of connection and separation in love in the novel of “The Other thing”/ who killed Laila El Hayek?” by the novelist Ghassan Kanafani

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Authors: Atalla Raja Mohammad AL- Hajaya , Sanaa Kamel Ahmed Shalan
Keywords: Key ideas: Connection and separation, Ghassan Kanafani novels, the novel of; “The Other Thing”/ Who killed Laila Al Hayek?”
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 58 - 67

Abstract

This study stops at the dialectic of connection and separation in love in the novel of “The Other Thing’/”who Killed Laila El Hayek?” by the Palestinian novelist Ghassan Kanafani. It unlocks this dialectic starting off from the complexity with the view that love in the literature of Ghassan Kanafani at the personal level /men and women disappear in the lives of the characters of the novels and the short stories for the sake of major issues/the greatest love/the love of Palestine. This study addresses this novel into two main parts: the first part is the dialectic of connection and separation in love. The second part is the dialectic of connection and separation in the debate and the game of choices in the detective novel. It resorts also to disjoin the linguistic and narrative architecture of the dialectic of connection and separation in this novel towards creating a conception of the visions, the ideas, the convictions and the messages it carries. It takes it out of individual experience to relate it to the Palestinian cause as a whole. Love between men and women in Kanafani’s work, has its special form as it was influenced by his philosophy, suffering and his experience in life. As love wore the robes of his ideas and he spoke on his own behalf and on behalf of the suffering of the whole Palestinian people. He also realised the images of his humanity and creativity with all its requirements, forms, requests, looks and visions all together.

Symbol Significations in the Art Work of Ismael Shamoot

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Authors: Ibrahim Ahmad AlKhatib
Keywords: Palestinian plastic art, signification, symbol, color, shape.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 68 - 78

Abstract

The research aims to study the significations of symbolism in the art work of Ismael Shamoot. The research identifies artistic dimensions for these significations and their usages in forming the artist’s paintings. The importance of the research stems from the fact that it deconstructs the significations of the symbols in the artist’s work and analyzing them. The research traces the work of the artist between 1997 and 2000. The researcher identifies five paintings for the Jordanian artist and analyzes them. The research can be useful for those who work in visual arts in general, artists and critics; it also offers insights to academic institutions that are concerned with plastic art. Key words: Palestinian plastic art, signification, symbol, color, shape.

The Spatial Distribution Pattern of Rural Settlements Center in Al- Balqa Governorate/Jordan

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Authors: Mahmoud Abdallah AL-Habees , Abdullah Radwan Arabiyyat
Keywords: الكلمات الدالة: التوزيع المكاني، الاستيطان الريفي، نظم المعلومات الجغرافية، محافظة البلقاء بالاردن، صلة الجوار.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 79 - 91

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the spatial distribution pattern of rural settlements center Al Balqa Governorate in Jordan. In addition, it aim to determine the shape of the its spatial expansion, and to demonstrate its actual and predicted weight center, as well as its median,, using spatial statistical methods related to study and by analyzing the average Nearest Neighbor technique. . This study concluded that, the rural settlements within the study area reflects the relationship of between the humans and their environment and how the environmental factors or determinants control the spatial distribution pattern of these settlements, in terms of its spread and sizes. The spatial distribution pattern of settlements appear to be very close one to another , and the center of those settlements located in the center of the study area and the distribution takes the oval shape extends towards the north-east of the governorate. The study results showed the necessity of classification for the settlements and developments and building new planning standards that fit with the local situation. The study, however, recommends building a comprehensive database and using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by the authorities involved in planning for human settlements. Key words: Spatial distribution, rural settlement, Al Balqa Governorate, GIS, Jordan.

Mechanism to evaluate resedintial neighborhood units

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Authors: Khaled Al-O’mari , Mahmoud Al-Soboh , Ayat Khraisat , Hind Al-Shobaki
Keywords: Residential Neighborhood Unit, Urban Fabric, Health, Sustainability, Urban Planning.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 92 - 109

Abstract

Abstract This research seeks to find a mechanism to evaluate residential neighborhood units; Arab residential neighborhood units, which are considered a core component in designing Arab cities, confront several problems in providing the main services to residents of residential neighborhood and posing a threat to their safety, due to a poor planning of Arab residential neighborhood units. This research aims to ascertain a practical method to evaluate the project pre execution process as well as to evaluate the current residential neighborhood units to solve existed problems. The research methodology relies on displaying the theoretical approach of residential neighborhood units, its basis and its requirements. Also, it provides a description for planning problems and its consequences at the residents' health and psychological reflections. Then, the research explains the way to activate the suggested solution in order to be applied by the specialized authorities.

"Social work students' perceptions on the causes of poverty in Jordan"

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Authors: Mahmoud Mohammad Al Kafawin
Keywords: Keywords: Poverty; Social Work; Social Worker; Culture of Poverty Individualistic; Structuralistic; Fatalistic;
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 110 - 125

Abstract

The aim of the study was to explore the perceptions of social work students in Jordan with regard to the causes of poverty. The study was carried out of (98) students of 3d and 4th grade from social work students at Jordan University. The participant respondents had chosen from the students who had taken the courses of social problems, social work theory, and poverty. The triangulation methods of quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (focus group) were used as best methods of data collection for the current study. The main questions were: how social work students define poverty? How they view the causes of poverty? The main findings of the study revealed that poverty is related to the structural, individualistic and fatalistic theoretical understandings of poverty. The findings from the current study demonstrated the need for further researches, in the field of social work and its role in reducing poverty. This study also concurs with the findings from other research which provided several explanations of poverty causations. As the current study suggests, there is a need to improve the efforts of social workers form mezzo to policy level.

Principles of Human Rights in university Textbooks and Degree of its Application by Students of Princess Alia University College

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Authors: Tarek Abu Hazeem
Keywords: Human Right, Compulsory General Courses, Eng. 99, Eng 101, Eng 102 and National Education Textbook, , Junior students, Jordan
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 126 - 143

Abstract

This study aims at exposing to what extent Human rights principles are included and represented in English textbooks of Eng. 99, Eng 101, Eng 102 and National Education textbook taught for English major female students at Princess Alia University College, Jordan. In addition, it is the purpose of this paper to study to which extent the students do apply these principles of human rights. Two methods were used: analysis of content which is a descriptive analytical method to analyze the principles of Human Rights, and a questionnaire used to detect students' feedback in the issue. Five divisions were suggested; they include 28 aspects of human rights which correspond to the modern development of these principles according to international documents, announcements, and internal constitutions for different countries. These aspects are divided among the political, social, economic and cultural rights. This study shows that there is a difference in the degree of including these principles in the previously mentioned textbooks; however, there are no clear statically recognized differences (less than %,05) in the representation of human rights between English textbooks and National Education textbook. The questionnaire has revealed a variety of opinions related to human rights among students of English Department. The study has concluded with a number of suggestions and recommendations.

The phenomenon of yearning in the poetry of Ibn Abd Rabh Al-Andalusi

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Authors: Amal Al-Omary
Keywords: yearning ، Ibn Abd Rabh Al-Andalusi
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 144 - 155

Abstract

This research aims at exploring the phenomenon of yearning in the poetry of the poet Ibn abd Rabh Al-andalusi (328). This is done through two ways: first analyzing the life of the poet to find out the most prominent effects in his life and then describing it in passing. Secondly, presenting some of his poetry that embodies the words of yearning mentioned in his poetry and the causes of this yearning, and then presenting some other examples that embody the implications of this phenomenon. The research concludes that the words of yearning and its implications as: (the yearning for sons, the yearning for the woman, the youth , the ancient places ,the war , the oriental spirit , the wine and the yearning for the music and ecstasy) have taken a good presence in the poetical works, a thing , that made a prominent stylistic feature and obvious expressive quality in in ibn Abd rabh Poetry.

The sense of family and its impact on poetic of Ibn Darraj

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Authors: Fathi Abu Morad
Keywords: sense of family, romance, sedition, leave, complimenting.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 156 - 169

Abstract

The present study tries to understand the poetry of Ibn Darraj and tastes it in special circumstances surrounding the poet and his family which were represented in the flames of the Great Disorder which affected the cities of Andalusia. Ibn Darraj and his family were the victim of this disorder, that threw him and his family between canines of poverty and homelessness. His overwhelming love and fear for his children and wife embodied in his attractive poetry and images.

Cultural Formation of of Abu Tammam's Poetry (The Hamasah)

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Authors: Essa Abdulshafi Almasri
Keywords: Key wards: Abu Tammam, AL Hamasah, Cultural Criticism
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 170 - 190

Abstract

Abu Tammam’s anthology of poetry “The Hamasah” (Arabic, "exhortation") faced artistic, documentary and cultural problems. The aim of this paper is to study these problems under the umbrella of the collective title of (Cultural Formation) because culture combines, implicitly, artistic and cultural contexts, collection, study and analysis. Based on this assumption, this paper discusses the various technical issues, covered with the spirit of culture. The text of the Hamasah raises the issue of the authenticity of the text, its relevance and adaptation, methodological reading and evaluation. The research also displays the cultural conflict between the poet of the Hamasah and his critics. It will also show the role that the Hamasah played to narrow down the conflict between the two. The paper will finally show the cultural presentation of the beautiful and the ugly interpretations of the Hamasah through a general description of the the Hamasah's environment and concludes with a final review of the results.

The Grammatical Implication in the Poetry of Hatim Al-tai: A descriptive Analytical Study

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Authors: Mona Salih Al-Ajrami
Keywords: Grammatical implication, Hatim Al-tai, descriptive analytical study
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 191 - 203

Abstract

This study aims to shed a light on the grammatical implication in Hatim Al-Tai’s poetry. The ancient Basrees have dealt with this issue in the past, just as some of the modern scholars are today. This study discusses the location of implication in the evidences mentioned in Al-Tai’s poetry. After the analysis, a conclusion related to the derivative basic grammatical rules has been written. In addition to that, it also aims to show the stylistic features that explains the location of grammatical implication aesthetics in Hatim Al-Tai’s poetry.

السياسة اليمنية تجاه قضية الصراع العربي- الإسرائيلي 1948-2009م

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Authors: Gehad Saleh , Abdul Aziz Al-Mansour , Fadi Khalil
Keywords: Yemeni politics, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the settlement projects.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 204 - 216

Abstract

الملخص: يهدف هذا البحث في دراسة مواقف السياسة اليمنية تجاه قضية الصراع العربي-الإسرائيلي بين عامي 1948-2009م، ولتحقيق أهداف البحث اعتمد على المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، لوصف طبيعة تلك المواقف وتحليلها، وقدم هذا البحث فرضيتان اساسيتان هما بأنّ السياسة اليمنية تتعامل تجاه القضية محل البحث من منطلقات سياسة واقعية، من خلال إعطاء أولوية للمصلحة القومية، وبلورة رؤية خاصة بالمصالح الوطنية، وكذلك بأنّ هناك تأثير للعوامل الداخلية والخارجية السياسية على توجهات السياسة اليمنية تجاه مواقفها من عملية التسوية لذلك الصراع محل البحث، وتوصل هذا البحث لعدة نتائج اهمها أنّ مواقف السياسة اليمنية ارتبطت بمواقف الأطراف العربية المعنية بالتسوية، وتضمن البحث على ضوء نتائجه توصيتان.

APOCOPATE FORM IN APODOSIS Between AL BASRAH AND AL KUFAH SCHOOLE

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Authors: Yousef M. Koufahi
Keywords: Arabic Language; Syntax; syntactic Thinking; syntactic Disagreement
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 217 - 224

Abstract

ABSTRACT This research aims to present the truth of disagreement in Apocopate Form in Apodosis, through two books are interested in controversial issues among syntactic, they are “ Al-Insaf Fi Masa’el Al-Khilaf” Book for Aby Al-barakat Ibin Al-Anbari, and “ I’tilaf Al-Nusrah Fi Ikhtilaf Nohat Al Kufah and Al Basrah” Book for Al-Sharaji Al-Zubaidi, the research exposes the method of the two books and illustrates the controversial issue between Al Basrah and Al Kufah Schools, then the research responded to Al-Anbari opinion in the issue, and also on his method; the research took up the Grammatical Juxtaposition Issue and illustrated the syntactics’ opinion and measurement possibility due to the plenty of mentions in Arab speech, the research ends with the victory of Al Kufah School’s opinion.

الغموض حول المكان الريفي والمدني ونظرة ملفيل الصارخه لأمريكا في رواية بيير

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Authors: Ahmad Bani Salamah
Keywords: Pierre, ambiguities, bleak, prospect, America, urban, rural, ideals, classic, religious.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 225 - 235

Abstract

رغم أن كثير من النقاد اعتبرو غموضات رواية بيير- للكاتب الأمريكي هيرمان ملفيل- كنقطة ضعف في هذه الروايه، فإن هذا البحث يبين أن إحدى هذه الغموضات-الغموض حول المكان الريفي والمدني- تُعتبر نقطة قوه في هذه الروايه. يناقش البحث كيف أن غموض الكاتب المقصود يعطيه المجال والحريه ليفصح عن رؤيته الكئيبه نحو أمريكا ويشكك بالعديد من مُثُلها الكلاسيكيه المزعومه وبعض المعتقدات الدينيه المرتبطه بها. يظهر البحث كيف ان هذا الكاتب من خلال هذه الروايه يدق ناقوس الخطر حول المشروع الأمريكي برُمَّته وحول التهديدات التي يوشك وطنه على مواجهتها.

A attitude of Saudi University Students Towards The Use Of Electronic Educational Means On Study : A Sociological Study

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Authors: Mohammad F. Al-Murqash
Keywords: الكلمات الدالة: التعليم الالكتروني، وسائل التعليم الالكتروني، الانترنت، الاتجاهات.
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 236 - 249

Abstract

The Study aimed at knowing the effect of the use of the educational electronic means on the level of study achievement from the point of view of university students in Saudi Arabia. I is a social field study carried out on a sample of students from three Saudi public universities with a more than 40 thousands mail students. A survey method by sample was used to carry out this study. A sample of 637 undergraduate students who were registered on the second term of the academic year of 2014-2015 were selected from the three universities, from all different colleges and level of study, and socio-economic backgrounds. The study revealed group of results among the important of which that universities should provide infrastructure of internet computers, ICTs on a high quality, and that (86%) of students possess their own computers, connected to the internet, and that (56.8%) of students said that there was no difference between their marks from the electronic and traditional exams. The majority believe that the use of educational electronic means dose not necessarily increase the level of achievement, while they believe that such use might increase the level cultural achievement. Keywords: Electronic Education , Electronic Education Means, Internet, Trends

Political and Economic Corruption under Globalization: Theoretical Analytical study

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Authors: Ramzy Mahmoud Radaideh
Keywords: Globalization, Economic and Political Corruption, Theoretical Approaches, Political Systems
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 250 - 272

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to identify the effect of globalization with its mechanisms and values on the political and economic corruption. This study sheds light on the concept of globalization, its political, economic and cultural dimensions .It also discusses the concept, and forms of economic and political corruption. The study further considers the effect of globalization on corruption practices through four approaches: the individual, social, political ,and economic approaches. The study concludes that there is a dual effect of globalization on corruption practices. On one hand, globalization reduces political corruption through the influence of globalization mechanisms and realities. On the other hand, It offers facilitates and new conditions that lead to increasing such practices.

Governmental and proffesional regulations to establish a mechanism to evaluate visual pollution

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Authors: Khaled Al-O’mari
Keywords: visual pollution; urban tissue; environmental impact; architecture and psychological impact; image of the city
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 273 - 287

Abstract

Abstract This research try to find a mechanism to evaluate the visual pollution of architectural projects on the city or neighborhoods level, it's an architectural model provided by project clients to the municipality. Research methodology is theoretical studies for a visual pollution, the situation in Jordanian cities and in European cities- Italian cities exactly- and review legislations which control this pollution. The absence of effective municipalities role in Jordan, leads to distortion the image of the city, so this research comes out develop legislations and form committee of architects and technicians to study and evaluate architectural works and reduce visual pollution.

Abstract

This study aimed at documenting the relationship between poverty and crime in Jordan from the point of view of convicts. A sample of (240) convicts ( 15% females , and 85% males ) in correctional and rehabilitation centers were selected randomly out of 1600 total convicts, which constitutes 15 % of convicts population . Data were collected from respondents by means of structured questionnaire , and SPSS software was used to analyze data . Findings reveal that the overwhelming majority of respondents were poor, or very poor. Most of them argued that poverty was a strong reason for committing crime , and that reducing poverty helps in reducing crime in society. Key concepts : poverty ,crime , General Security ,Correction and Rehabilitation

Sentential Negation in Standard Arabic

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Authors: Mahmoud Kanakri
Keywords: negation; sentence;Arabic; the Minimalist Program; the little verb
Publication year: 2016
Pages: 305 - 315

Abstract

This paper handles the topic of negation, a challenging topic in all natural languages, one of which is Arabic. What is more challenging is sentential negation in Arabic. The crux of this paper stems from where the real location of the negative particle, and how it is moved and have a wide scope in the sentence. The paper draws its line of argument from the Minimalist Program of Chomsky (1995). It provides support for the assumption of having what is known in syntax as the little verb.