Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 44, Issue 2

Social Networking and Parental Control

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Authors: Reham Jamil Aburoomi
Keywords: Social Networking, Communication Technology, Parental Control
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 1 - 12

Abstract

This study aims at identifying the means of the Social Networking and its impact on the Parental Control. The study followed the descriptive analytical method and used a sample consisted of 200 members of Al Zaytoonah University students. The results show that the Social Networking sites helped in building Social capital and worked in connecting friends and relatives across distances ( all over the world ), but it caused a gap in the relationships between individuals, and reduced the chances of Parental Control and supervision . The study also showed significant statistical differences related to the Social Networking and monthly income variable, it also showed a statistically significant differences between Parental Control and gender.

The Image of Woman in Abed Alhai Mosalam’s Artwork

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Authors: جهاد حسن العامري
Keywords: Abed Alhai Mosalam, Woman, Heritage, Relief Sculpture
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 13 - 22

Abstract

This research aims at analyzing the image of woman in the work of Abed Alhai Moslam. Woman has been a dominant theme of Moslam’s work. The researcher starts his research assuming that woman has been always been a present symbol in the work of the artists. This presence of the woman which has been accompanying the artist’s work for over 50 years during which a change in both the craft of painting and the intellectual discourse has been noted. This research is the first that inclusively investigates the image of the woman in the work of Abed Alhai Moslam where the researcher answers questions related to the image of the woman , her transformations, her intellectual discourses, and the artistic craft of producing that image. Key Words: Abed Alhai Mosalam, Woman, Heritage, Relief Sculpture

Umayyad most important industries as manifested in poetry

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Authors: المعتز بالله حمدي منصور
Keywords: industries, Poets Umayyads
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 23 - 35

Abstract

Photos industry looks at the Arabs in many Umayyad period in poetry poets, notes schools this hair is clearly evident that the Arabs in the Umayyad period knew different broad spectrum of industries; and mastered many arts them, and that their knowledge did not stop at those industries required by the necessity of pension, as Industries to related construction, or knitting, or other, but crossed to the other creatures, which called for the luxury nature of some of the people who lived era, such as; tanning, the industry statues. These industries have been a source of income for professional and those who made it, as it was considered a major source of production in their community, as schools this hair is noted that the Arabs in this day and age were not Needy on other nations and tribes adjacent to them; such as Roman in the Levant, and the Persians in Iraq, and the Copts in Egypt, though they were business relationships with these nations and others, such as; the Ethiopians and Indians. Poets Umayyads reflected in many of their poems and poetry know Arabs different industries that they were doing it, came this search reveals the Arabs of workmanship and her position, is it true that the Arab was despise industry and laser with its people, and it was the preserve of the slave and slaves and pro? Then to study the most important industries, most notably in the Umayyad period, and reveals the presence and whereabouts of the tools used by the manufacturer, and raw materials that were the underlying industry, and shows how the presence of these industries and their reflection in the notification of the Umayyads

The Image of Women and Men in al-Kharjāt Ala‘jamiyahin Andalusia.

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Authors: Nawal abdarhman Al Shawabkeh
Keywords: Key words: The image of women , The image of men , al-Kharjāt Ala‘jamiyah , induction , artistic features
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 36 - 47

Abstract

This research aims atdiscussing the representation of women and men in Kharjāt Ala‘jamiyah,which appeared in Andalusian literature. The research scrutinizes these Kharjātand how theymirror love experience, women’s suffering and passion, along with their boldness to express their feelings. The study explores various aspects of thisimage,including social, psychological, material and cultural dimensions. This type of representation seems to appear in no other literary source of Andalusian time. Through an inductive approach and in-depth analysis of al-KharjātAla‘jamiyah, the research examines artistic styles and psychological dimensions. Key words: The image of women , The image of men , al-Kharjāt Ala‘jamiyah , induction , artistic features

Abstract

This study aimed to identify (teaching practices classroom to the music teachers in the basic stage in the Jordanian capital Amman and affected sex and experience teaching) in teachers of music the basic stage in the Jordanian capital Amman, objectives of the study researcher sample consisted of (30) accented teacher, and concluded chosen The study that there is no difference statistically significant practice teaching classroom with music teachers in the basic stage due to the variable sex (male, female), but there are differences due to the variable experience teaching and in favor of those with high expertise, and the study recommended the need to inflict teachers specialized training courses in the field of teaching practices.

The factors leading to the Phenomenon of Sexual Harassment Against Girls as Perceived by Girls University Students and its Relationship With Some Variables

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Authors: faisal ibrahim Al- matalka , yousef Damen Alkhatibyeh
Keywords: factors of Sexual Harassment, Harassment, Sexual Harassment
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 65 - 83

Abstract

The study aimed at investigating the factors leading to the phenomenon of sexual harassment against girls and it is relation with some variable. For this purpose a questionnaire was designed consisted of two parts: the first part is divided into three parts the personal variables such as: age, place of residence, marital status and academic level. The forms of sexual harassment, and the places where sexual harassment take place. The second part is the factors of sexual harassment and included (53) items consisted of five dimensions, the factors that attributed to the girl ,the family factors , media factors, economic factors, and the religious factors. A simple random sample of 2875 girl’s students was selected. The results revealed that there are multiple forms of sexual harassment in which touching the female body was the most prominent one, and it mostly happening in crowded places. The findings also showed that the factors that lead to harassment are; the factors that attributed to the girl, the family factors, media and the religious factors. The findings also showed that economic factors are not considered to be one of the factors that lead to sexual harassment. The researchers suggested some of the following recommendations: the importance of reconsidered some policy concerning educational, religious speech, the inclusion of clear text in the Jordanian Penal Code explicitly states for the punishment of sexual harassment, conducting more in-depth studies of the phenomenon of sexual harassment, and taking the results of this study into account due to its importance in reducing the phenomenon of sexual harassment when implemented.

The Role of Modern Adaptive Technology in Mainstreaming and Empowering Blind Individuals in the Jordanian Society: An Empirical Study from the Point of View of Blind Individuals in the Middle Region

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Authors: Mohammad Husni Abumelhim , Safwat M AlRosan , Yousef D AlKataybeh , Yousef M AlShorman
Keywords: Modern Adaptive Technology, Empowerment, Mainstreaming, Blind Individuals
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 84 - 102

Abstract

This study aimed at understanding the status of blind individuals in the Jordanian society in terms of their ability to be mainstreamed and adapted in various social activities although the Jordanian society was able to deal with them as regular individuals who play a significant in society. This makes it necessary to investigate the modern adaptive technology available in order to mainstream and empower these individuals. The study sample consisted of 52 blind individuals. Results of the study revealed that modern adaptive technology plays a highly significant positive role in the lives of blind individuals. Furthermore, males felt a greater need and had a higher level of awareness than their female counterparts regarding their importance. In addition, educated blind individuals who reside in urban areas appreciated modern adaptive technology more than the uneducated who reside in rural areas.

The Effect of Figures of Speech on Learning Arabic as a Second Language

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Authors: مصلح عبد الفتاح النجار
Keywords: Figures of speech, teaching Arabic, learning challenges, second language learning.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 103 - 110

Abstract

Living languages differ according to their grammatical, syntactic, morphological and figurative aspects, etc. Modern studies have shown that Arabic language is unique amongst other languages because of its rhetoric aspect which stands as a finger- print or a genetic map of the language. That description applies to both language and parole. Through studying systems of language, researchers may discover the geniousity and ideology of that language. However, thorough studying parole the finger-print of languages and the stylistic map they own, can be highlighted. A stylistic map represents the identity as an important factor of a language. This map plays a major role in building the identity of a language through the usage of subjective and collective registers. Therefore, a non-native learner of a language faces challenges in perceiving the language because of using vocabulary within fixed grammatical templates that involves rhetoric grammar which are not usually prioritized when teaching a language a s a second one. Teachers, books, and curriculum tend to give much attention to syntax and morphology but not to figures of speech. This paper deals with Al- Bayaan, which is a part of the figurative system of a language that is believed to challenge and hinder the learning of non-native speakers more than native learners.

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Authors: ابراهيم خليل بظاظو , نبيل زعل الحوامدة
Keywords: Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Promotion of Tourism, Spatial Data, Multimedia, Interactive Maps, Database, Hyperlink
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 111 - 122

Abstract

The study focused on the disclosure of archaeological heritage in the province of Hail, and planning and management using Geographic Information System (GIS), The study combines theory and practice, as it involves dealing with a theoretical framework (GIS), and contribute to a practical application to benefit from (GIS) to the possibility of storage and retrieval and modification, processing and presenting data, and maps drawn on the multi-layered, has reached a number of findings in particular: that the management and development of mosques and archaeological heritage by using the (GIS) provides the time and effort by relying on satellite and aerial images and topographic maps with high accuracy, analysis and access to accurate results in a very short period of time when compared to the duration of time required when using conventional means.

Abstract

Abstract The research aims at studying the intermingling of Alana and its interrelation and its compound relations with aspects of Nahnu and Huwa through the poetic text in Albourdi's poetry. It is atextual study according to the modern literary critical program. It is like the film program , formational program , analytical and conclusive program It is quite clear that the aspect of Alana is currently used in Albourdi's poetry. It apparently suggests the intellectual thought. This deals with a group thought. The research aims at asking the poetic text and what contains of hidden procedures in receiving the group thought to reform its structure and disintegration, according to what the intellectual thought by discovering changes to form the changes that happen in the traditional structure in modern Arabic poetry to achieve the objective interpretation.

Analogy e metaphor in architecture design

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Authors: Hasan Yousef Isawi , Sarinaz Sari Suleiman
Keywords: Basic design; Analog;؛ metaphor; architecture design
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 136 - 151

Abstract

The act of designing in architecture is a complex process. Metaphor and analogy are methods use in design for drawing new creative concepts، and give reasoning for design decisions through design process. These methods، also، may add to the users’ experience (visual، emotional and cognitive meanings). Students when probed for a reasons explain their actions، are either unable to answer questions، or provide explanations that are not true descriptions of their actions This research compares metaphor and analogy methods in the design process، with a focus on Architectural education. The research found out the differences between metaphor and analogy in architectural design. Also, pointed out the challenges that might face students through design process.

Verbal Errors of Vowels in the French Language Committed by Students of French at An-Najah National University Analysis of Verbal Errors: A Comparative Study

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Authors: Maha Allam Atmeh
Keywords: Vowels, Verbal Errors, Phonetics, Place of Articulation, Comparative Study, French Language
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 152 - 169

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the causes of verbal errors committed by students of French in pronouncing vowels especially among Arabic speakers. The study addressed the extent of the impact of mother tongue on these sounds and how to recognize the place of articulation in order to facilitate the process of pronunciation among Palestinian students in particular. The study followed the descriptive analytical approach by conducting recordings for multiple readings of texts in French read by French language students at An-Najah University. An analysis of these readings was conducted in order to determine the nature of verbal errors committed while comparing them to the sounds of Arabic and in some cases to English. Results indicated that students are primarily affected by the mother tongue that led to errors in pronouncing vowels in French. Results also indicated that speakers tend to reduce the several places of articulation of French vowels. The study recommended the importance of teaching Phonetics at an early stage in order to refine the student's skill in pronouncing difficult sounds in the French and to proceed to verbal correction exercises.

The relationship between music and theater in the art of opera

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Authors: Mohammad A. Al-Malah , Ali F. Al-Ribat
Keywords: music ,theatar,opera
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 170 - 174

Abstract

Although some art control over the other, but they converge in the form of opera, musicians have succeeded in creating a balance between the elements of the arts, including music, theater ,The Relationship Between The Arts dements is always so clear to those whom specialized in it . but in this humble study, we are trying to show this chemistry between the Music and the theater and Opera of Greek and Romania eras, than the middle ages, Until the Romantic era into consideration the most important Philosophers and critics opinion's, All that is for expressing the importance of the Theater and the Music through out the ages

Loyalty and disassociation in Arar's Poetry

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Authors: محمد خليل الخلايلة , ناصر يوسف جابر
Keywords: Loyalty and disassociation in Arar's Poetry
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 175 - 183

Abstract

Despite the large number of studies that discussed the works of Arar, the poet of Jordan, the vast majority of these studies revolved around Arar the human and, to a lesser extent, the major characteristics of his poetry. Thus, studies that provide a detailed textual analysis of Arar's poetry are still scarce. This study provides a detailed critical textual analysis for the selected poems without looking at peripherals such as footnotes and margins, which might misguide the reader. More specifically, this research looks at the binary concepts of loyalty and disassociation that control the rhythm of the poetic text and its construction

Hebron University Marital Silence Scale (HUMSS)

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Authors: Nabil Jebreen Jondi
Keywords: Marital Silence, Marital adjustment, Psychological Divorce
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 184 - 198

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims at building Hebron University Marital Silence Scale (HUMSS), and investigating the psychometric properties of the scale among Palestinian spouses, the scale consists of 2 forms (man form and woman form). A random sample of 362 spouses (176 wives, and 186 husbands) participates in the study from West Bank area. Results reveal the existence of strong of internal consistency of the scale, and a significant Congruent Validity with both R-DAS and Psychological Divorce Scale. HUMSS Cronbach Alpha and Spearman Brown coefficients were (0.93) & (0.92) consequently. Factor analysis resulted using Varimax rotation reveals four factors: these factors are: emotional attraction, understanding, communication, and social participating. The researcher recommended further studies using the test in various Arab environments

Biopolitics and the Understanding of Totalitarianism: Violence and Power in the thought of Michel Foucault and Hannah Arendt

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Authors: بن سعيد مراد
Keywords: Biopolitics, Totalitarianism, Michel Foucault, Hannah Arendt, Radical Democracy.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 199 - 214

Abstract

The aims of this research is to analyze firstly the relationship between the totalitarianism paradigm of Hannah Arendt and biopolitical paradigm of Michel Foucault, and find the common points between the two concepts in order to confirm the linear, intellectual and conceptual continuity thesis of both paradigms. Secondely, we analyse the relationship between the two paradigms and liberal democracy in the age of modernity, in order to confirm the teleogical solidarity thesis between the three concepts. To find these relationships between totalitarianism, biopolitics and democracy, we must overlap the given stereotype than take the negative relationship between totalitarianism and democracy. However, the biopolitical paradigm, through its focus on control of bodies practiced in Western societies, can help to reformulate the relationship between totalitarianism and Western democracy, and confirm the historical solidarity between them, because the employment of both paradigms the same techniques and disciplines. To reach the goal of the study, we will first discuss the relevance of Michel Foucault constribution in the emerging of biopolitical paradigm, and secondely we present the redefinition tentatives of theis paradidm by Antonio Negri and Giorgio Agamben. Thirdely, we analyze the relationship between biopolitics and totalitarianism by comparing Arendt and Foucault ideas, in addition to the contributions Agamben and its "camp" paradigm, which confirm the historical solidarity relationship between totalitarianism and Western democracy. We conclude by presenting the democratic alternative of tatalitarianism and biopolitics, through the concept of radical democracy based on the contributions of radical thinkers, especially Antonio Negri.

دور التلفزيون الاردني في المشاركة السياسية من وجهه نظر طلبة كلية الاعلام بجامعة الشرق الاوسط

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Authors: عثمان منصور الطاهات
Keywords: : الدور، التلفزيون الاردني، المشاركة السياسية، طلبة كلية الاعلام بجامعة الشرق الاوسط
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 215 - 227

Abstract

هدفت هذه الدراسة للتعرف الى مدى مساهمة التلفزيون الأردني الرسمي في عملية المشاركة السياسية من وجهة نظر طلبة كلية الاعلام بجامعة الشرق الاوسط، وتكونت عينة الدراسة من 118 طالبا وطالبة تم اختيارهم بطريقة العينة القصدية. وقد اعتمدت الدراسة على المنهج الوصفي

صورة هلّيل وشماي في الأدب التلمودي بين المرونة والتطرف

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Authors: Mohammad Othman Al Qar'a
Keywords: هلّيل، شماي، مذهب هلّيل، مذهب شماي، الفريسيون
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 228 - 244

Abstract

المستخلص: لم يخلُ الأدب التلمودي من ذكر لكل من هلّيل وشماي على أنهما من أهم الشخصيات التي عاشت في فترة ما قبل خراب ما يسمى البيت الثاني عام 70 ميلادي، حيث شكلا أول مذهبين دينيين للطائفة الفريسية، فوصف ربانيو التلمود الأول بالمتساهل، ووصفوا الثاني بالمتشدّ

الحرب على الإرهاب وأثره على استقرار الأمن الوطني الأردني

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Authors: Nadia F Alomoush
Keywords: الإرهاب، التطرف، الغلو، الشرق الأوسط
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 245 - 257

Abstract

يهدف هذا البحث إلى تسليط الضوء على بيان مفهوم الإرهاب وتاريخه وأسبابه وأشكاله المختلفة وأسلوب التجنيد فيه، وبيان الآثار السلبية التي رافقت تداعيات الفكر المتطرف والتنظيمات الإرهابية على المجتمع الأردني في شرح لمخاطره والتحديات التي رافقت ظهوره، كما بيّن ا

الغزل الحسي في العصر الأموي دراسة مضمونية فنية

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Authors: dr-ahmad ibraheem aladwan
Keywords: الغزل الحسي، الغزل العذري، الإسلام، الجاهلي، البناء الفني، المضمون.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 258 - 272

Abstract

كان التأثير الإسلامي في الحياة العربية تأثيراً كبيراً في مجالات متعددة؛ وتفاوت هذا التأثير تبعاً لمدى ترّسخ المضمون الفكري والمعرفي والثقافي والاجتماعي والعقدي الجاهلي في نفسية المتلقي العربي. ولعل الشعر من أكثر المجالات التي كان للعربي اتصال نفسي كبير به

The Role of Non-Governmental Syrian Powers Towards King Abdullah's Unity Endeavors

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Authors: Abdulrahman Awwad Al-Fawwaz , Ahmad Kh AlAfef
Keywords: Non-Governmental Syrian Powers, King Abdullah I
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 273 - 288

Abstract

This study is about the non-governmental Syrian position held by the parliament, parties and other people powers towards the Greater Syria Plan endeavored by King Abdullah I bin Al Hussein during the fourth decade of the twentieth century, aiming at unity of Natural Syria and integration of its four regions (Jordan, North Syria, Palestine and Lebanon) within one state. The original documentary recourses reviewed revealed divergence between the position held by the Syrian people and that of their government. While then Syrian government departing from self-interest of the statesmen, and in compliance of the tendency of both the patronizing Francis government, and some Arab governments declared fierce opposition to the plan, there was great acceptance and support of the Greater Syria Plan and King Abdullah's endeavors for unity among most Syrian people communities and other representative Syrian currents on the ground of their believe in the unity of the Shamite Regions, as a basis on which to achieve the country's best interest, as a first step towards Pan-Arabism and one best choice to cope with the Zionistic threats.

Social Solidarity as a Metaphor for Social Order under South Africa’s Transformative Constitutionalism

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Authors: Mashele Rapatsa
Keywords: social solidarity, social security, poverty & inequalities, transformation.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 289 - 299

Abstract

Considerate of South Africa’s lasting agenda of transformative constitutionalism, this article discusses the notion of social solidarity, positing it as a theory through which social order can be achieved and sustained. This is premised on the importance of equal love, respect and compassion towards the underprivileged indigent people. Explicitly, humanity thrives when indigent people lacking the means of survival receives assistance. This effectively reinforces social order and that desired cohesion, which through social solidarity enables the value of Ubuntu to find expression with ease. Significantly, this article reveals that social solidarity is inherently under siege owing to pervasive problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities and corruption, bedeviling the country in socio-economic realities. It is asserted that social solidarity is a noble normative ethic which is indispensable for the livelihood of human kind because it is capable of inspiring long-term solutions towards all societal problems.

Discursive and Semantic study of the speech act ( to explain) in French and in Arabic

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Authors: Alia Mefleh Mahasneh
Keywords: Keywords: : dictionaries, questionnaire, to explain ,the meaning ,French and Arabic, assumed scenarios, semantic field, discursive construction
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 300 - 314

Abstract

ABSTRACT This research aims at analyzing the construction of the lexical meaning of the verb (to explain ) using French and Arabic lexicographical discourse and adopting the questionnaire as a tool for gathering information in order to find out different meanings of the this verb . Then, the researcher analyzed the semantic usage of the verb ( to explain) in order to show the multiple meanings that are included in its lexical construction depending on the dictionaries as a methodological and scientific way of gathering information. we also focused on the conceptual content of this verb and analyzed its oral usage depending on various assumed scenarios of the sample study. In the dictionary, the denotative meaning remains relatively stable compared to the connotative one that differs according to the context. Overall, individuals have a broader view that the dictionary on the different meanings of the word . Generally , we find that in the cases considered, the terms seem to fit into a polysemy class according to the phrasal context, attesting to contextual variations of meaning.

Supporting Ecotourism through Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)

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Authors: Ismaiel Naser Abuamoud , Khalid Al-Khalidi , Mustafa Al-Shudiefat
Keywords: Ecotourism, sustainability, governance, environment, local community
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 315 - 327

Abstract

Abstract The conservation, sustainability and poverty alleviation are the main challenges that facing developing countries. To meeting these three issues, it is highly required to involve local community in the decision making process when managing forests or any local resources. This study aims to identify the role of neighborhood communities around Dibeen and Ajloun forests in the forest conservation activities and to how much they believe of ecotourism as a vehicle for management and economic development to make a base for governance approach in that area. The results show no role for local communities in the management process, and the respondents believe that neither local community nor municipalities are capable of managing the forests. However, they think that local communities should be prepared to be involved in managing the forest. The majority agreed on tourism enterprise as the best investment opportunity on these forests