Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences

From 2000 to 2018

ISSN 1026-3721

Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by The University of Jordan. The main objective of the journal is to provide an intellectual platform for all scholars from Jordanian and international universities. Dirast: Human and Social Sciences journal articles are indexed in SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature. The journal is developing to become one of the leading journals for humanities and social sciences in the region.

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Volume 44, Issue 3

استراتيجيات إدارة المعارضة التنظيمية في جامعة مؤتة كما يراها أعضاء هيئة التدريس

ar
Authors: Ayed Ahmad Khwaldeh
Keywords: المعارضة التنظيمية، إستراتيجيات، إدارة المعارضة التنظيمية، جامعة مؤتة.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 328 - 346

Abstract

هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى معرفة استراتيجيات إدارة المعارضة في جامعة مؤتة كما يراها أعضاء هيئة التدريس، واستخدم منهج البحث المسحي الوصفي، وطبقت الدراسة على مجتمع الدراسة الذي تكون من جميع أعضاء هيئة التدريس في جامعة مؤتة والبالغ عددهم (480) عضو هيئة تدريس للعام

violence against married woman in Jordanian women

en
Authors: عبد الله قازان , سحر الشرع
Keywords: Key words: violence, forms of violence, physical violence, verbal violence,gender.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 1 - 17

Abstract

Abstract The study aimed to detect against wife in Jordanian society of violence, and that standing on the most prominent forms of violence against her, where study used survey method sample to achieve the goals, and the study sample consisted of 250 battered women were selected in a manner deliberate dispensers as follows (in 100) battered woman of Jordanian women / Irbid, and Union (90) battered the maternal and child protection society woman, and (60) of the battered woman Jordanian Women's Union / Ramtha, the study used a questionnaire as an essential tool to achieve their goals. An analysis of the sample individuals from battered women's answers to the study found that there is a continuation of women's vulnerability to violence by her husband both types of verbal and physical and largely clear of most battered women in spite of civilization and cultural progress and women in recent friction with the labor market and the transition from low scientific levels high levels. The researcher has developed a set of recommendations contributed to the enrichment of this study.

Overall Quality in Musical Education Teacher Preparation and Developing him Professionally

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Authors: وليد "محمد فوزي" عبد الخطيب , نضال محمود نصيرات
Keywords: Preparation, Musical Education Teacher, Professional Development.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 18 - 32

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide a suggested imagination to the overall quality of musical education teacher preparation and developing him professionally. This study relied on the descriptive and analytical research method. The researcher surveyed the belles-letters and previous studies (Arabic and Foreign) related to the topic of the study to find out the latest directions and systems in preparing the musical education teacher and developing him professionally. The questions of the study were: 1. What is the overall quality system in musical education teacher preparation and developing him professionally? And what are its main hubs? 2. What are the main suggestions for the development of musical education teacher preparation system and developing him professionally in line with the overall quality system? The study concluded many important recommendations like: 1. The need to reconsider in musical education teacher preparation program in line with the overall quality system to keep pace with rapid advances in technology and science. 2. Employing overall quality assurance standards in the components and elements of the musical education teacher preparation system as a new approach to help in the development of these systems. The key words: Preparation, Musical Education Teacher, Professional Development.

البحث اللغوي في مجالس الخلفاء بين الرقابة و التطور

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Authors: مجدي حسين شحادات
Keywords: البحث اللغوي ؛ مجالس الخلفاء ؛ الفكر اللغوي
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 33 - 40

Abstract

الْبَحْثُ الْلُغَوِيُّ فِي مَجَالِسِ الْخُلَفَاءِ بَيْنَ الرَّقَابَةِ وَالتَّطَوُّرِ مُلَخّص يَدْرُسُ البَحْثُ أَثَرَ مَجَالِسِ الخُلَفَاءِ العَبَّاسِيينَ العِلْمِيّةِ فِي إِثْرَاءِ البَحْثِ اللُغَويِّ، حَيْثُ كَانَ أُوْلَئِكَ الخُلَفَاءُ يُثِيرُونَ تَ

The Tale Structure and Vision between Constantin V. Gheorghiu’s novel the 25th Hour and Rabi‘ Jābir’s Druze of Belgrade

ar
Authors: يوسف حسين حمدان
Keywords: Constantin V. Gheorghiu, The 25th Hour, Rabi‘ Jābir, Druze of Belgrade, tale structure, identity
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 41 - 53

Abstract

This research aims to shed light on the level of similarity and difference in the tale structure and vision of Constantin V. Gheorghiu’s novel the 25th Hour and Rabi‘ Jābir’s Druze of Belgrade, a novel that won the International Prize for Arabic Fiction in 2012. By comparing the two novels, the study demonstrates that Druze of Belgrade’s structure and perspective toward humanity, modern existence, and identity and its conflicts are analogous to those of the 25th Hour. The research also claims that the 25th Hour has been a key factor in forming the structure and vision of Druze of Belgrade. The research investigates all aspects of similarities in the two novels, at the level of their main sections, details, and the development of events, as well as the level of perspective. The latter is framed in this research under the concept of identity, both on the human and individual level.

The Effect at Symmetrical Pattems of Sounds in Achieving Harmonious Relations within The Poetic text " Abi Nawas Poem (Al Nooneya) as a Model "

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Authors: ريحان إسماعيل المساعيد
Keywords: Key words: symmetry؛ harmony؛ rhyme؛ sound pattern text؛ Abi Al Nawas
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 54 - 68

Abstract

This paper aims at exploring the effect of symmetrical patterns of sounds at the structural level in achieving harmony at the semantic level in a poetic text. This is done by pointing out the importance of rhyme, rhythm, meter, homophony etc and showing their aesthetic and semantic roles in a poem. The study begins with the central question: to what extent can the readers of a literary text exploit the different devices of achieving symmetrical sound patterns to explain the poetic, aesthetic, and semantic harmony within a text? The researcher took Nooneyat Abi Al Nawas as an example equipped with the principles of the reader’s response theory to provide a real analysis of the selected poetic text. Key words: symmetry, harmony, rhyme, sound pattern text, Abi Al Nawas

Computer vision for placing terms and its publishing

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Authors: Safa Shareef Shriedeh
Keywords: Computerization, Term, Terms Bank
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 69 - 80

Abstract

This research studies the possibility of applying the computer in placing terms, accepting and publishing,by awebsite dictionary. The Supposed dictionary is adatabase that explains meanings of Arabic terms, with aprepared list of contents that is stored,and it also shows the senonym, and antynom in English or french. This research is built on an introduction and two sections; the first is theoritical which shows the elements at work which are: the work team, information resources , dictionary topics, and the computing technique. The other section is applied, presenting aform for the dictionary representing as asketch which includes the elements of awebsite dictionary.

Khawian aljdood and its political relationship with the kings of Sheba and thee Redan: A study through Inscription

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Authors: سميرة سعيد القحطاني
Keywords: Keywords: Khawian aljdood, king of Sheba and thee Redan, Inscription, Watar Yahman
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 81 - 95

Abstract

The Royal title (king of Sheba and thee Redan) appeared in a period full of political conflicts and clashes. The conflict between Sheba and Himyar was intensified; Sheba faced troubles from several parties. The kingdom of Hadhramaut waged a war against Sheba in the ear of its king (Yada El), negotiations between the two parties commenced but gained no success. Once king (Watar Yahman ) ascended rule, the political situation of Sheba began to weaken, and he could no longer face the danger of Himyar(Alredany)alone due to lack of experience in ruling the state, therefore, the pressure of Himyar and the danger of Khawian aljdood tribes in Saada increase. Sheba resorted to what is known as the triple alliance against Himyar after the continuous disputes between the king of the western Hill and the increase danger of Himyar, Each party has achieved his aims from the alliance, but things quickly changed and serious developments emerged .The most prominent development was the collusion of some tribes with the Ethiopians , mainly Khawian aljdood tribes . This collusion worried the kings of Sheba. Khawian continued to rebel against the kings of Sheba and thee Redan starting from the region of king(Watar Yahman ) , but Sheba succeed in disciplining those tribes and suppressing their rebellion.

Phonetical changes influenced by metric reasons in “Kazahril lawzi aw abcad” (Like Almond Flower or Further) of Mahmoud Darwish

ar
Authors: afnan najjar
Keywords: : Phonetical changes, metric need, meter, poetic line & foot
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 96 - 107

Abstract

This paper dealt with the Phonetical changes in Darwish’s poetic collection published in 2005 influenced by metric reasons. Some changes occurred in consonants such as changing wasl hamzah into a qatc hamza and vice versa, and stress on consonants or vice versa. Other changes occurred in vowels such as shortening long vowels or prolonging short ones, appearance of syntactic short vowel marks at the end of a sentence or a stanza, taskeen (getting read of syntactic short vowel within a sentence or a stanza, in addition to changing syntactic short vowels and changing morphological short vowels (harakaat)

Reciprocal Cultural Relations between Muslims and Crusaders during the Crusades Wars

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Authors: خالد سليمان الشريدة
Keywords: Crusades Wars؛ Muslim and Crusader ؛
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 108 - 126

Abstract

Our research and also taught the information in this serious social study in cultural aspects and interrelationships of the various original sources and studies secondary to the foundations of civilizd communication between Muslims and Crusaders during the Crusades to the Levant and the contemporary Prince Osama bin Mongheth savior of these deceased war in 544 AH-1888 and then of the crusader Wiliam Suri, who died in 581 AH- 1185 AD and Fulcher of Chartres deceased in BC 12-6 e and traveler Ibn Jubayr, who died in 614 AH- 1218 AD, Ibn Shaddad, who died in 632 AH- 1234 AD who this war contemporary enrich and reflect more than others in this social aspect in terms of coexistence and understanding and communication between the various demographic elements that formed Shami community during the Crusades and inspired by the predominance recipe peace not war on this relationship, vulnerability and influence another between the Muslim and Crusader parties through a common language and means of addressing concerted by the friction between the parties and mating and affinity of each other sometimes and the impact of religion and belief of the parties in each other and we were the piece of material and moral heritage of mutual then we pointed to what some people taking it from each other from this positive heritage, habits and behaviors that have left their social impacts in the behavior of subsequent generations and we mentioned at the end of this research was reportedly referring some of the continued existence of a cruciform family after the departure of the Crusader forces from the region, through Shami families said to be related to the proportions since those invading Crusader campaigns in the Islamic eastern areas.

Imlalah (Rural feminine collective Palestinian singing)

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Authors: محمد أحمد مصلح
Keywords: فولكلور، قالب غنائي، طقوس، رقص فولكلوري، لازمة شعرية، املالاه، رويللو، التراويد، مقام موسيقي، الدحاريج، غناء جمعي، غناء فردي، غناء تبادلي.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 127 - 136

Abstract

This research aims at identifying an original lyrical form of the rural lyrical folk forms that were inherited in Palestine from the old ages till recent times which is called "Imlalah", Which is located two types: individual and collective. this is categorized under the collective feminine singing in terms of the areas it spreads and it's artistic structure and the way of it's performance and kinds, in addition to it's performance elements and it's artistic features: poetic and musical. The researcher deals with " Imlalah" singing since it is an original rural singing that spread in the middle and south of Palestine. And also he investigates the basic terms of this research, moreover, he listed the terms and the colloquial words in a special appendix, and he describes the circle of " Imlalah" and it's proceedings through explaining the way of performance and it's stages, he also dealt with the most famous forms of " Imlalah" that is built on the poetic refrains such as: "yulu yarweidateli", "lal aleeh", "ea rwelelo" , And increases Character "L " for some of his words. at the end of his research, he mentioned the findings that he got, he also put some recommendations in view of his findings.

The Scientific Effect of Ajlun,s Scholars in the Ottoman Era

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Authors: omar saleh alomari
Keywords: Key Words: Ajlun Scholars. Ottoman Era. Scientific Movement. Islamic Sciences.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 137 - 149

Abstract

The purpose of this study titled (The Scientific Effect of Ajlun,s Scholars in the Ottoman Era). The study is based on two main domains: the first about the most important scholars and the second is about the most important sciences they had studied. The study adopted the important sources and documentary studies related to the issues. Moreover, listing in the footnotes the historical terms mentioned in those references and documentary studies. The study concluded with the important findings of this study.

علاقة اعادة استخدام الفراغ الداخلي بالسلوك الانساني

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Authors: شيرين سبع طبلت
Keywords: اعادة استخدام، الفراغ الداخلي، السلوك الانساني، لغة الفراغ، الحيز الشخصي، الحيز الاجتماعي.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 150 - 161

Abstract

يدرس هذا البحث العلاقة بين إعادة استخدام الفراغات الداخلية من قبل المصممين او حتى من المستخدمين للمبنى وبين سلوكيات ونفسيات مستخدمي هذه الفراغات، ويفترض الباحث علاقة بين الاعادة التي تتعلق بحاجة المستخدِم و ثقافته و البيئة التي يعيش فيها وين سلوكه في الفر

Phonological Assimilation: A New Perspective

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Authors: جزاء محمد المصاروة
Keywords: Assimilation؛ Phonological
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 162 - 173

Abstract

The study aims at extending the concept of phonological assimilation from its narrow sense that is limited to neighboring single sounds within the same word or two adjacent words to a broader sense that may include two non-adjacent words that occur in the same sentence or text. The study also extends the concept of assimilation to include not only phonology but also morphology and syntax. It sets off by illuminating the inaccuracy of the concept of phonological assimilation in the sense that it does not capture what it is meant for.

تجلّيات "الثقافيّ" في قصص النساء العربيّات

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Authors: شهلا العجيلي
Keywords: الثقافيّ، المعرفيّ، الجماليّ، القصّة، النساء العربيّات، الهويّة القوميّة، الهويّة النسويّة.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 174 - 190

Abstract

يعنى هذا البحث بالتطوّرات التي طرأت على القصّة القصيرة التي كتبتها المرأة العربيّة خلال العقد الأوّل من الألفيّة الثالثة، بتسليط الضوء على مفهوم "الثقافيّ"، والذي يعني المعرفيّ والجماليّ، وذلك من خلال البحث في منظومتين من منظومات فكرة الثقافة، هما: منظومة

Science Institutionalization in Early Islam: Bayt al-Hikma of Baghdad as a Model of an Academy of Sciences

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Authors: منيف رافع الزعبي , Mohd Hazim Shah
Keywords: History of Science, Islamic Science, Islamic Civilisation, Bayt al-Hikma, Academies of Sciences
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 191 - 199

Abstract

This paper aims to introduce facets of academy-type institutions of the pre-Islamic era. To illustrate the ascendance of the Islamic tradition of science institutionalisation, founding and patronage of academies, the example of Baghdad’s Bayt al-Hikma (House of Wisdom) which flourished in the ninth century AD is examined closely in the light of primary Arabic sources on the subject as well as contemporary international literature. Moreover, the perception that Bayt al-Hikma of Baghdad was an ‘academy of sciences’ of its day will be elaborated on.

Focus Group as as qualitative technique in cross-cultural research

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Authors: Ramodungoane Tabane
Keywords: Culture; Cross-culture; Group dynamics; Moderator
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 200 - 207

Abstract

The aim of this study was to see how focus groups discussion can be facilitated to get the authentic from the participants in a cross-cultural study. In the sub-Saharan Africa, traditional medicine and traditional believes are still practiced. People consult with the traditional health practitioners for various personal reasons including treatment for HIV/AIDS. Traditional health practising can be regarded as a cornerstone of African tradition and represents a sensitive area for researchers who wish to explore traditional health practices, knowledge, and its impact on health-seeking behaviour. Qualitative research methodology was employed at three sites in Gauteng and two sites in KwaZulu-Natal. Focus group discussions were conducted in local languages by moderators. The results of the study indicated that emic knowledge, understanding and interpretations can be elicited with appropriate research methodology especially when the custodians of traditional and cultural practices are included as part of the research team.

Jalalu’d-Din Rumi’s The Masnavi and Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist: A Study of Mystical Analogy

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Authors: Reem Awni Resheq
Keywords: Mysticism; Sufism; Western Catholic Mysticism; Intuition; Renunciation; Oneness; Journey; Discipleship; Alchemy; Desert; Treasure
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 208 - 218

Abstract

The study examines the thematic and stylistic similarities between Persian poet Jalalu’d-Din Rumi and Brazilian novelist Paulo Coelho in their understanding of the spiritual experience of reaching Illumination and Knowledge, both in the Sufi and Western Catholic mystical traditions, respectively. The significance of this paper emanates from the fact that despite the authors’ being temporally and culturally distant, their mystical visions intersect exceptionally, with decisive affinities manifested in selected books of Rumi’s poem The Masnavi (transcribed between 1258 and 1273) and Coelho’s novel The Alchemist (1988). The study compares the ways the works celebrate the mystic doctrines of intuition rather than rationality, renunciation, and the Oneness of God and his manifestations that guarantee the fulfillment of the main characters’ quest of reaching Illumination and Knowledge. The paper also highlights the metaphors of the journey, discipleship, and alchemy, which intertwine with the symbols of the desert and the treasure in both works and serve the aforementioned themes, to reflect the shared mystic vision of Rumi and Coelho.

The impact of the 2008 World Financial Crisis on Homelessness in Developed Countries: the casestudy of New York City

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Authors: Hussaen A. H. Kahachi
Keywords: Homelessness; 2008 World Financial Crisis; Housing Pathway Framework; Homelessness federal response; Homelessness local response; Housing policies
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 219 - 230

Abstract

This research is concerned with the 2008 World Financial Crisis impact on homelessness in developed cities. After giving brief background about homelessness and its size in the United States, the research discusses homelessness nature in New York, its size/scale and the main individual/structural causes through the housing pathway framework within the 2008 financial crisis role on homelessness. The research then critically review the federal and local responses to homelessness pointing out the main policy instruments used and the possible strengths and weaknesses. Finally, the research lists some recommendations such as lower level of welfare system, group borrowing, and providing jobs.

Teaching and learning past tense in an entertaining way

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Authors: Batoul Muhaisen , Farouq Abu Duhair
Keywords: past tense, entertaining, pedagogical approach, teaching by entertaining.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 231 - 240

Abstract

Teaching and learning past tense in an entertaining way is a pedagogical approach. This way aims to improve the way of communication in classroom, as it is effective in facilitating the process of teaching and using past tense by Arab students. This paper tackles the aims and the available pedagogical possibilities for teaching past tense in French as a second language. It also aims to provide suggestions to develop the skill of teaching by entertaining. Teaching by entertaining a useful approach in teaching French as a second language, as it encourages students to write and speak French correctly.

The Political Concept of Energy Security: The Case of Jordan

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Authors: Emad Abdallah Ayasreh , Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar , Roghayeh Khosravi
Keywords: Energy security, Jordan’s foreign policy, Jordan, Middle East.
Publication year: 2017
Pages: 241 - 260

Abstract

This study aims to determine the political concept of energy security in Jordan. This paper studies the importance of energy security in international relations. It clarifies the global concept of energy security. It also highlights the politics of energy security among states. The paper is based on Jordan as a case study. To put emphasis on this issue, the data have been collected using semi-structured interviews with elite as well as journals and documents, and have been analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The paper shows that the concept of energy security in Jordan is based on two main elements: sufficient energy supply and affordable energy price. It also shows the importance of securing gas for foreign policymakers after the collapse of Mubarak regime in Egypt in 2011. The paper concludes that energy security became a major objective for Jordan’s foreign policy, particularly after 2007.