This study discusses the Reconciliation and Reparation Agreement, which the German government under Chancellor Conrad Adenauer signed with Israel and the World Jewish Congress in Luxemburg in September 10, 1952. Among the major aims of the German policy were ending of the occupation and the start of gradual regaining of national sovereignty. It was necessary, however, to reach reconciliation with the jews and compensate them for what they suffered from under the Nazi rule. At the beginning of the negotiations, Adenauer’s government came under external pressures to meet all the demands of Israel and the jews who were represented by the Zionist Leader Nahum Goldmann. Finally, the Reconciliation and Reparations Agreement (Das Wiedergutmachungsabkommen) between the Federal German Republic and Israel, and between Federal Germany and the World Jewish Congress was signed in Luxemburg. Accordingly, the German Republic was committed to pay Israel the amount of 3 billion German marks in finances and goods and 450 million marks in compensations to individuals and jews within a period not to exceed 14 years. This study will deal with the following questions: How were the negotiations conducted? What is the content of the agreement? What did Federal Germany achieve? What did Israel gain from it? What were the reactions to the agreement?
Abdul-Majeed Z. Al-Shunnag