This study aims at discussing the problem of political development in the Arab World. It deals with theoretical origin vis-à-vis the concept of comprehensive social progress of the cohesive and specific society which guarantees both participation and social justice. Also, the study indicates numerous human development models such as the liberal model that exists on a basis of individual freedom, the authoritative model that exists on the idea of power and finally, the socialistic model that exists on the idea of social justice. Therefore, we have demonstrated the value of political development, the reality in the Arab World focus on the political development as civilized comprehensive project so as to introduce the real development in the Arab World after what have been gone through, so as to come over the political, social and economic problems.
Problematic Issues, Political Development, Arab World, Human Rights